European Forest Downstream Services

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European Forest Downstream Services (EUFODOS) – Improved Information on Forest Structure and Damages is a joint research and development project of eight research institutions, enterprises and universities, as well as of seven end users, from six European states. For the effective identification of forest damages and for an operational derivation of forest parameters various services were developed in EUFODOS during the time frame from 2011-2013. The project is funded by the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for Research & Innovation Space, "Stimulating the Development of Downstream Global Monitoring for Environment and Security Services" (SPA.2010.1.1-01).[1]

Aims[edit]

Forests have a major role in the European economy and environmental policy. The ecological as well as economic functions of forests can be affected by insect infestations, forest fires or storms. Therefore, the forest authorities require comprehensive information on the degradation status of their forests in order to initiate suitable countermeasures against forest damages and to maintain sustainable forest management.

The European Community offers within the programme COPERNICUS[2] basic earth observation based services on the environment (the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security [GMES] Land and Forest Core Products).[3] In the EUFODOS project, the GMES[1] High Resolution Forest Core Layer on forest area, crown cover density and forest types, optical and radar satellites,[4] as well as laser scanning technology[5][6] are used to offer forest authorities timely and cost-effective information on forest damages.[7]

EUFODOS' main goal is to develop earth observation related services for the assessment of forest damages.[8]

Consortium, users and user federation[edit]

EUFODOS is being developed in test sites in seven European countries[9] in the temperate and boreal zone by a consortium of commercial service providers and research organisations from Austria, Bulgaria, Finland, Germany and Italy.[10]

EUFODOS involves the following users:

  • Styrian Forestry Board,[19] Austria
  • Thueringen Forest Agency,[20] Germany
  • Regional Directorate of State Forests Wrocław,[21] Poland
  • Department of Forest Planning of the Autonomous Province Bolzano, South Tyrol,[22] Italy
  • Executive Forest Agency,[23] Bulgaria
  • Environment Agency Austria (EAA),[18] Austria.
  • Stora Enso,[24] Finland

The EUFODOS users are engaged in a User Executive Body to secure that the service development is in line with the user requirements.[25]

Applications and products[edit]

EUFODOS focuses on the development of services for the surveying of forest damages and additionally for the investigation of forest parameters which can be used for economic assessments or as a basis for the targeted management of protective forests. These services comprise, for instance, a rush service (results available within a few hours after the event) on storm damage assessment,[4][26][27] a more detailed non-rush service damage assessment,[4] an insect damage assessment[28][29] or a change detection assessment.[30][31][32] These kinds of services are highly requested by various forest authorities in Europe. The results will also support reporting obligations, for instance, with regard to indicator or data assessments of Forest Europe (Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe[33]) or UNECE/FAO Forest Resource Assessment.[34][35]

The utilisation of space and airborne sensor platforms facilitates the acquisition of data in very short time intervals and in a cost-efficient way.[36] A preliminary assessment of storm damage can, for instance, be delivered to the users in form of digital damage maps based on satellite data in a more rapidly and more cost effective way than conventional assessment methods requiring helicopter flights or field trips.[35]

The EUFODOS products can, for instance, be applied for:[8][37][38]

  • Effective damage assessment to initiate countermeasures,[39][40] compensation payments[41] or reforestation planning.
  • Sustainable management of protective forests to maintain and enhance their protective function against natural hazards.[5][42]
  • Sustainable management of commercial forests to facilitate wood procurement planning and strategic investment planning.[43]
  • Reporting (input for forest maps, forest reports, forest statistics, forest damage information systems).

Dissemination[edit]

To introduce the different EUFODOS services and to present recent project results, newsletters are regularly published and disseminated to the EUFODOS users and service providers as well as to other interested persons and potential users.[25] Newsletters and additional information about the EUFODOS project can be downloaded at the project website.[44]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b European Communities (2011): EUFODOS European Forest Downstream Services - Improved Information on Forest Structure and Damages. GMES Downstream Services.
  2. ^ "COPERNICUS Land Monitoring Service". Retrieved 2013-10-16. 
  3. ^ Schardt M (2012): EUFODOS European Forest Downstream Services - Improved Information on Forest Structure and Damages. Presented at GMES Event - Informationstag Weltraum, 20.09.2012 in Vienna, Austria.
  4. ^ a b c Ermert J, Dees M, Koch B (2012): Mapping of storm damages in forests using terra TerraSAR-X image data. Proceedings of the 1st EARSeL Workshop on Temporal Analysis of Satellite Images, Mykonos, Greece, 23rd – 25th May 2012, p. 145-152.
  5. ^ a b Hirschmugl M, Gallaun H, Wack R, Granica K, Schardt M (2013): EUFODOS: European Forest Downstream Services – Improved Information on Forest Structure and Damage. Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XL-1/W1, 127-131.
  6. ^ Schardt M (2013): Erfassung der Beschirmung und Waldgrenze - EUFODOS. Presented at Laserscanning – wo stehen wir?“ Eine gemeinsame Veranstaltung der Fachausschüsse „Forschung und Entwicklung“ und „Informationstechnologie“ des Österreichischen Forstvereines, des Österreichischen Walddialoges sowie des Lebensministeriums. 30.04.2013 in Vienna, Austria.
  7. ^ M, Granica K (2012): Success Stories – Improved Information on Forest Structure and Damages. In: Discover what GMES can do for European regions and cities. Window on GMES. A GMES4Regions Publication. Special Issue November 2012.
  8. ^ a b Linser S (2013): EUFODOS at a glance. EUFODOS Newsletter Issue 10
  9. ^ Granica K (2012): EUFODOS European Forest Downstream Services - Improved Information on Forest Structure and Damages. Presented at FP7 Space Conference, 16.11.2012 in Larnaca, Cyprus.
  10. ^ Schardt M, Granica K. (2012): Success Stories – Improved Information on Forest Structure and Damages. In: Discover what GMES can do for European regions and cities. Window on GMES. A GMES4Regions Publication. Special Issue November 2012.
  11. ^ "Digital". Joanneum.at. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  12. ^ "GAF". www.gaf.de. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  13. ^ "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland - Business from technology". Vtt.fi. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  14. ^ "Professur für Fernerkundung und Landschaftsinformationssysteme FeLis". Felis.uni-freiburg.de. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  15. ^ "Delivering the World". RapidEye. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  16. ^ "EURAC research". Eurac.edu. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  17. ^ "{РЕСАК/ReSAC}". Resac-bg.org. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
  18. ^ a b "Umweltbundesamt". Umweltbundesamt.at. Retrieved 2013-10-16. 
  19. ^ "Referat Landesforstdirektion - Land Steiermark". Verwaltung.steiermark.at. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  20. ^ "Thüringer Landesforstverwaltung". Thueringenforst.de. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  21. ^ "RDLP we Wrocławiu". Wroclaw.lasy.gov.pl. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  22. ^ Abteilung 32. Forstwirtschaft. "Abteilung Forstwirtschaft | Autonome Provinz Bozen - Südtirol". Provinz.bz.it. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  23. ^ "Executive Forests Agency". Iag.bg. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  24. ^ "Stora Enso". Stora Enso. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  25. ^ a b Linser S (2011): User Engagement in EUFODOS. EUFODOS Newsletter, Issue 1.
  26. ^ Dees M, Ramminger G, Sagischevski H, Chamara S, Ermert J, Koch B (2012): An earth observation based service for the monitoring of large-scale damages in forestry. In: Borg E, Daedelow H, Johnson R (Eds.): RapidEye Science Archive (RESA) „Vom Algorithmus zum Produkt“. GITO Verlag, Berlin, ISBN 9783942183611, p. 123-149.
  27. ^ Ermert J, Dees M, Koch B (2013): Mapping of forest damages caused by a tornado 2012 in Gera, Germany using Terrasar-X change detection. Proceedings of the 5. TerraSAR-X/4. TanDEM-X Science Team Meeting. 10–14 June 2013, DLR, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany.
  28. ^ "Kampf gegen den Borkenkäfer". Business-geomatics.com. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  29. ^ Marx A, Frotscher K (2013): Demonstration of EUFODOS Downstream Services based on RapidEye data. EUFODOS Newsletter, Issue 11. http://www.eufodos.info/sites/default/files/downloads/EUFODOS_Newsletter11_0913.pdf
  30. ^ Ramminger G, Ermert J, Dees M, Sagischewski H (2013): Development of Downstream Services based on HR CORE data within EUFODOS. EUFODOS Newsletter, Issue 9. http://www.eufodos.info/sites/default/files/downloads/EUFODOS_Newsletter09_0113.pdf
  31. ^ Dees M (2012): An earth observation based service for the monitoring of large-scale damages in forestry. Presentation at the 4th User Workshop RESA – Data for science „From algorithm to product“.http://resaweb.dlr.de/fileadmin/resa/documents/ws_2012/vortraege/RESA_WS_22_03_2012_dees_et_al.pdf
  32. ^ Sagischewski, H (2012): GMES Forest Downstream Services in Support of Regional Needs. Presented at Geoland2 User Forum_8, 18.10.2012 in Copenhagen, Denmark. http://www.gmes-geoland.info/fileadmin/geoland2/redakteur/pdf/News___Events/Events/Sagischewski_GMES_Forest_Downstream_Service.pdf
  33. ^ "Forest Europe". www.foresteurope.org. 2013-09-20. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  34. ^ "Forest Resources Assessment Regional contribution to global FRA - Forestry and Timber". UNECE. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  35. ^ a b Schardt M, Granica K (2012): Success Stories – Improved Information on Forest Structure and Damages. In: Discover what GMES can do for European regions and cities. Window on GMES. A GMES4Regions Publication. Special Issue November 2012. http://www.copernicus.eu/pages-principales/library/success-stories/?no_cache=1&cHash=1548de55133b90170d41dd3a204f048a
  36. ^ Dees M, Ramminger G, Sagischewski H, Ermert J, Chmara S, Koch B (2012): Towards an earth observation based service for the monitoring of large-scale damages in forestry. Poster presented at ESA Sentinel-2 preparatory symposium, Frascati, Italy. http://congrexprojects.com/docs/12c04_docs2/poster2_11_dees.pdf
  37. ^ Schardt M, Granica K, Astola H (2012): EUFODOS - European Forest Downstream Services Improved Information on Forest Structure and Damage - Project presentation. Proceedings of the Finnish Remote Sensing Days, 25.-26.10.2012, Helsinki, Finland. http://www.kaukokartoituskerho.fi/sites/default/files/2012/Astola.pdf
  38. ^ Schardt M, Granica K, Wimmer A, Wack R, (2012): EUFODOS European Forest Downstream Services - Improved Information of Forest Structure and Damage. Poster presented at ESA Sentinel-2 preparatory symposium, Frascati, Italy. http://congrexprojects.com/docs/12c04_docs2/poster2_1_schardt.pdf
  39. ^ Vassilev V (2012): EUFODOS - Successful service application in Bulgaria. EUFODOS Newsletter, Issue 8. http://www.eufodos.info/sites/default/files/downloads/EUFODOS_Newsletter8_1012.pdf
  40. ^ Vassilev V (2012): Bulgarian Forest Agency benefits from GMES products. 1st Copernicus Newsletter. http://www.copernicus.eu/newsletters/issue01/inmotion_06.html
  41. ^ Granica K (2012): EUFODOS Success Story. EUFODOS Newsletter Issue 5.
  42. ^ Schüssler H, Granica K (2011): EUFODOS Service Case in Austria. EUFODOS Newsletter Issue 3.
  43. ^ Astola H, Häme T, Ahola H, Susila, P (2012): EUFODOS - Assessing Forest Structural Parameters in Finland. EUFODOS Newsletter, Issue 6.
  44. ^ EUFODOS website

External links[edit]