FT 30

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The FT 30 (FT Ordinary Index or FTOI, not "FTSE 30") is a now rarely used index that is similar to the Dow Jones Industrial Average. As an index of stocks to represent the real trends on the market, the FT 30 has been superseded by the FTSE 100, which was introduced in 1984.

Background[edit]

The purpose of the FT 30 was to give a selection of stocks, which capture the range and essence of UK companies. The index was devised in 1935 by Maurice Green and Otto Clarke of the Financial News and was termed the "Financial News 30-share index" until that paper merged with the Financial Times in 1945.[1] The companies listed in the index are made up of those in the industrial and commercial sectors. It excludes government stocks, and used to exclude financial sector (banks, insurance, etc.).[2]

The FT 30 index was calculated using the geometric mean.[3] As Rowley states, this had the effect of understating movements in the index compared to using the arithmetic mean; and there are circumstances where this is undesirable.

List of FT 30 companies[edit]

Name Entry Exit Est. Description Website
Associated Portland Cement 1935 2001 1900 Originally an amalgamation of 24 cement companies. Became Blue Circle, and bought by Lafarge in 2001.
Austin Motor 1935 1947 1905
Bass logo.svg Bass Brewery 1935 1947 1777
Bolsover Colliery 1935 1947 1899
Callenders Cables & Construction 1935 1947 1850 Merged with British Insulated Cables to beecame British Insulated Callender's Cables in 1945. Parts sold off to Corning, power cables to General Cable Corporation, Pirelli and Balfour Beatty
Coats logo.svg Coats plc 1935 1959 1755 Threat and consumer textiles and crafts. www.coats.com
Courtaulds 1935 1998 1794
Distillers Company 1935 1986 1877 Taken over by Guinness plc in 1986, where later revealed was the Guinness share-trading fraud.
Dorman Long 1935 1947 1875
Dunlop Rubber 1935 1983 1889
EMI logo.svg EMI 1935 2007 1931 Founded as Electrical & Musical Industries, merged with Thorn in 1979, and demerged again. Bought by Citigroup in 2012 after financial distress.
Fine Spinners and Doublers 1935 1938 1897 Replaced by the Lancashire Cotton Corporation in 1938.
General Electric Company plc 1935 1886 Originally a business started by a German immigrant named Gustav Binswanger, he joined with Hugo Hirst and the company became GEC in 1886, selling consumer electronic goods. Incorporated in 1889, set up Osram. There was a speight of mergers in 1968, and in 1988 GEC-Plessey Telecommunications was created. It merged with Marconi from 1996, its defence wing merged into BAE Systems, the remainder becoming Marconi plc. It failed and was disbanded after the Dot-com bubble.
Guest Keen & Nettlefolds 1935 * 1767
Harrods.svg Harrods 1935 1959 1834
Hawker Siddeley 1935 1934
Imperial Chemical Industries 1935 1926 Bought by Akzo Nobel in 2008.
British American Tobacco 1935 1902 Imperial Tobacco and the American Tobacco made a joint venture in 1910. Merged with Rothmans in 1999.
International Tea Co Stores 1935 1947 1878 Bought by BAT Industries in 1972.
London Brick 1935 1984 1900 Bought by Hanson plc in 1984.
Murex 1935 1967 1909 Ironfounder and ferroalloy maker.
Patons & Baldwins 1935 1964 1770 Clothing and yarn. Merged with Coats in 1961.
Pinchin Johnson 1935 1960 1834 Paint manufacturer.
Rolls Royce 1935 1970 1906 Nationalised in 1971 and privatised in 1987.
Tate & Lyle 1935 * 1921
Turner & Newall 1935 1982 1871 Asbestos and chemicals.
United Steel Companies 1935 1951 1918 The business became nationalised and put under control of the British Steel Corporation and the National Coal Board.
Emblem Wolseley-Siddeley V S & M copy.png Vickers 1935 1986 1828 Founded by Edward Vickers. Acquired by Rolls Royce plc in 1999.
Watney Combe & Reid 1935 1972 1837 Beer company, absorbed in the Grand Metropolitan group.
Woolworths 1935 1971 1909 A victim of the financial crisis on the British High Street, liquidated in 2009.
LCC emblem.svg Lancashire Cotton 1947 1964 1929 Established by the Bank of England to rescue the cotton spinning industry, later under the Cotton Industry (Reorganisation) Act 1936. It merged 103 companies. It was bought by Courtaulds in 1964.
Leyland Motors 1947 1975 1896 Renamed British Leyland Motors. Nationalised in 1975.
Morris Motors 1947 1952 1912
P & O 1947 2006 1837 Fully, Peninsular Oriental Steam Navigation.
Spillers 1947 1978 1927 Flour and pet food.
Swan Hunter 1947 1966 1880 Shipbuilding.
William Cory[disambiguation needed] 1947 1959
Alfred Herbert (company) 1971 1888 Machine tools.
Alliance Boots 2007 1847 In its current form, created from a merger between Alliance UniChem and the former Boots UK in 2006.
Ansells02.jpg Allied Breweries 2005 1961 Merged into Carlsberg-Tetley in 1992, now Carlsberg UK.
Allied Domecq 2005 1994 Formed from a merger of Allied Lyons (itself a 1978 merger of Allied Breweries and J. Lyons and Co) and Pedro Domecq in 1994, it produced liquor. It was taken over by Pernod Ricard in 2006. It sold off parts to Fortune Brands, Diageo, and US private equity firms Thomas H. Lee Partners, the Carlyle Group and Bain Capital LLP.
Home & Colonial Logo.jpg Allied Suppliers 1972 1883
Associatied Daires Group 1999 1949 Founded as Associated Dairies & Farm Stores Limited in Leeds, it became the supermarket chain ASDA. In 1999 it was bought out by US firm Wal-Mart.
Blue circle logo.svg Blue Circle Industries 2001 1900 Bought out by Lafarge is 2001.
Bowater Paper 1984 1923 Established by William Vansittart Bowater, ended up as Rexam, supplying paper for the print media in its heyday.
British Motors Corp 1969 1952 The company amalgamated Morris Motors Limited and Austin Motor Company Limited. It was part nationalised in 1975, and succeeded by British Leyland.
British Oxygen 2006 1886 Taken over by the German Linde Group in 2006.
Cadbury.svg Cadbury Schweppes 2010 1886 Taken over by Kraft Foods in 2010.
Cavenham Foods 1977 1965 Started by Sir James Goldsmith, began to decline, and was liquidated and sold mostly to Argyll Foods in 1986.
Grand Metropolitan Hotels 1997 1934 Merged with Guinness plc in 1997 to make Diageo.
Guinness 1997 1759
Hanson Trust 1997 1964 Building materials
House of Fraser 1968 1849 Department store.
John Brown Group 1982 1982 Based in Ladbroke Grove originally. Sells magazines and catalogues. www.johnbrownmedia.com
LucasVarity 1999 1860 Originally Lucas Industries, it made automotive and aerospace parts. It merged with Varity in 1996. It was then bought by TRW Automotive.
GEC-Marconi.JPG Marconi Company 2002 1897 Originally formed as The Wireless Telegraph & Signal Company, Marconi was bought up by BAE Systems in 1999.
National Westminster Bank 2000 1968 Bought by RBS in 2000, originally founded as the National Provincial Bank (1833) and Westminster Bank]] (1834).
Plessey 1989 1917 Absorbed into BAE Systems.
Thomson Reuters 2009 1851 Paul Julius Reuter began the original service, transmitting stock market questions. Now a primary media service for the media, as well as publishing.
Scottish Power 2007 1990 Privatisation of the Scottish electricity industry gave rise to the company.
Trusthouse Forte 1996 1935 Was a hotel group, finished in 1999.
TI Group logo.svg Tube Investments 1984 1919
United Drapery Stores 1983 1927 Retail stores on the High Street, acquired by the Hanson Group and broken up.
British Gas 1997 1812 The first predecessor was the Gas Light and Coke Company. All gas companies were nationalised by the Gas Act 1948. It was privatised again by the Gas Act 1986.
MARKS & Spencer logo.svg Marks & Spencer * 1884 Started by a Polish immigrant, Michael Marks, and partnered with Thomas Spencer in 1894. In 1926 it began buying goods directly from manufacturers, and in 1948 started a self-service store model.
BP * 1909 The Anglo-Persian Oil Co, originally a Burmah Oil Co subsidiary, after William D'Arcy found oil in the Middle East. Saved from bankruptcy in 1914 by getting an exclusive Royal Navy contract. Became BP in 1954.
British Telecom * 1846 Originally the Electric Telegraph Company, it was nationalised in 1870 as it became a monopoly, under the Post Office. Demerged from the Post Office by the British Telecommunications Act 1981, and privatised under the Telecommunications Act 1984.
Lloyds TSB * 1765 Lloyds was established in Birmingham originally, and TSB was created in 1810. The two merged in 1995. It was partly nationalised after reckless investments in 2008.
RSA Insurance Group (emblem).svg Royal and Sun Alliance * 1845 Originally Royal Insurance founded in Liverpool, biggest insurance merger in 1919 with the Liverpool and London Globe Co, and then merged with the Sun Alliance Group in 1996.
Vodafone * 1980 Originally Racal Electronics, a GEC subsidiary, it won a mobile licence in 1982, and demerged in 1991. Acquired Mannesmann for £112bn in 2000.
International Airlines Group logo.png International Consolidated Airlines Group * 1936 British Airways was created by a three airline merger in 1936, nationalised to form BOAC, and then privatised in 1987. Merged in 2010 with Iberia Airlines.
Diageo.svg Diageo * 1997 Formed from merger of Guinness and Grand Metropolitan in 1997. Previously owned Burger King, closed Johnnie Walker plant in Kilmarnock, owns Smirnoff, Gordon's and Captain Morgan.
Prudential plc * 1848 The Prudential Mutual Assurance Investment and Loan Association sold penny industrial insurance policies to workers from 1854, listed in 1924.
Tesco Logo.svg Tesco * 1929 Originally a Middlesex grocer, Jack Cohen, who fused his surname with his tea supplier, T.E.S.
Invensys * 1999 A merger of engineering companies BTR (est 1924 as British Tyre & Rubber Co. Ltd) and Siebe (est in 1819 by Augustus Siebe, produced the first diving helmet) in 1999, produces control and automation equipment.
BAE SYSTEMS.svg BAE Systems * 1999 Took over Marconi from GEC, a defence company with 100,000 employees, primarily supplying the UK Ministry of Defence, the US and Australia.
Compass Group * 1941 Founded as Factory Canteens, then called Bateman Catering, bought by Grand Metropolitan in 1967, merged with Midland Catering, and relaunched in 1984 as Compass. Management buy-out in 1987, listed in 1988, and on the FTSE 100 in 1998. Merged with Granada in 2000 and demerged again in 2001.
Royal Bank of Scotland * 1727 Royal Charter from King George I, acquired Dundee Banking Co in 1864, Drummonds Bank and Williams Deacon's Bank, merged with National Commercial Bank of Scotland in 1969. Bought NatWest in 2000, and ABN Amro in 2007. Bankrupted itself through reckless investments, and 83% nationalised in 2008.
Logica Plc.jpg Logica * 1969 Developed national gas grid telemetry system, word processors, and floated in 1983. Develops IT systems.
GlaxoSmithKline * 1843 Merger of GlaxoWellcome (Wellcome est 1880) and SmithKline Beecham (which came from Beecham Group and SmithKline Beckman Corporation) in 2000. Manufactures pharmaceuticals.
ITV logo 2013.svg ITV * 1930 Under the Television Act 1954, competitors were allowed against the BBC, originally starting under Granada plc (est 1930), which merged with Carlton in 2004, and rebranded in 2011.
Ladbrokes * 1913 Horserace gambling, boosted after the Betting and Gaming Act 1961 legalised betting shops. Renamed the Hilton Group in 1999, and reverted again in 2005 after selling the hotels.
Land Securities * 1944 Began property development by Lord Harold Samuel, buying up land from Kensington to the whole country. Gave a £755.7m rights issue in February 2009.
Wolseley.svg Wolseley * 1887 Founded by Frederick Wolseley as the Wolseley Sheep Shearing Machine Co in Sydney, moved to the UK, and then started making cars in 1897, which was sold to Vickers in 1901. Along with agricultural machinery, started central heating in the 1960s.
Man Logo RGB.jpg Man Group * 1784 James Man started sugar cooperage and broker originally, traded commodities in London coffee houses from 1802. Grew as a commodities broker, moved into alternative investment management in 1983. Reached the FTSE 100 in 2001, sold brokerage business in 2007.
Smiths Group * 1851 Originally a clock and watchmaker, started making speedometers and car parts, and then to aerospace parts. Parts for devices in security, energy, medical, communication and engineering.
Reckitt Benckiser * 1823 In 1814 Jeremiah Colman milled flour and mustard in Norwich. Reckitt & Sons was started in 1840 by Isaac Reckitt. Johann Benckiser in Germany started a chemicals company, listed in 1888, merged with J&J Colman in 1938. Makes household cleaning products, owns Durex and Scholl.
WPP Group.svg WPP plc * 1971 Originally Wire & Plastic Products, bought into by Martin Sorrell in 1985, made into a marketing and advertising group.
3i * 1983 Its predecessors were formed in 1945 by the Bank of England as the Industrial and Commercial Financial Corporation, created to fund SMEs, and the Finance Corporation for Industry, for funding larger business. They merged in 1973 to make Finance for Industry. Then in 1983 they were privatised, and floated in 1994.
National Grid.svg National Grid plc * Privatisation of the electricity industry in 1990, and listing on the LSE in 1995. www.nationalgrid.com

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Green, (James) Maurice Spurgeon", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ See The Post-War History of the London Stock Market, ISBN 1852521392
  3. ^ The Financial System Today, by Eric E. Rowley. (Manchester University Press, 1987)

External links[edit]

Literature[edit]