FUNET is the Finnish University and Research Network, a backbone network providing Internet connections for Finnish universities and polytechnics as well as other research facilities. It is governed by the state-owned CSC – IT Center for Science Ltd. The FUNET project started in December 1983 and soon gained international connectivity via EARN with DECnet as the dominant protocol. FUNET was connected to the greater Internet through NORDUnet in 1988. The FUNET FTP service went online in 1990, hosting the first versions of Linux in 1991.
The main backbone connections have gradually been upgraded to optical fiber since 2008. Subscriber connections are mainly 1000 or 100 Mbit/s Ethernet, but also 10G links and dedicated lightpaths are offered, as parts of the FUNET backbone network between cities can support up to 40 x 10G channels. FUNET is connected to other research networks through NORDUnet, and to other Finnish ISPs via three FICIX points. The three most important foreign connections to Sweden have a capacity of 10 Gbit/s each.. 
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