F (New York City Subway service)
|Sixth Avenue Local|
|Northern end||Jamaica – 179th Street|
|Southern end||Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue or Kings Highway|
|Rolling stock||R46, R160|
The F Sixth Avenue Local is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route bullet is colored bright orange since it uses the IND Sixth Avenue Line in Manhattan. The F operates at all times between 179th Street in Jamaica, Queens and Stillwell Avenue in Coney Island, Brooklyn via Queens Boulevard in Queens, 63rd Street and Sixth Avenue in Manhattan, and Culver in Brooklyn, serving all stops except for an express section in Queens between Forest Hills – 71st Avenue and 21st Street – Queensbridge. Some rush hour trains short turn at Kings Highway due to capacity issues at Stillwell Avenue.
F service officially began on December 15, 1940 operating between Parsons Boulevard and Church Avenue via the Queens Boulevard, Sixth Avenue, and Culver Lines. It ran express in Queens and local in Manhattan and Brooklyn.
During World War II, trains were extended to 169th Street during evenings, late nights, and Sunday mornings. Temporarily in 1948, as shown in a map from that year, the D and F service switched, with the F going to Second Avenue. But this was afterwards changed back. On December 10, 1950, trains were extended to 179th Street on evenings, nights, and Sunday mornings. On May 13, 1951, all trains outside of rush hour extended to 179th Street. On October 18, 1951, all trains started to terminate at 179th Street at all times. Then, on October 30, 1954, the connection between the IND Culver Line and BMT Culver Line was completed, with the IND taking over the elevated section. Rush hour F service terminated at Broadway – Lafayette Street to allow D service to enter Brooklyn via the Rutgers Street Tunnel. On June 28, 1956, trains were extended to Second Avenue.
Beginning October 6, 1957, trains terminated at 34th Street – Herald Square evenings, nights and weekends. On November 10, 1958, F service was cut back from Second Avenue and started terminating at Broadway – Lafayette Street weekdays. Then, beginning July 9, 1967, trains no longer ran express between 179th Street and 71st – Continental Avenues. When, on November 26, 1967, the Chrystie Street Connection was completed, D service was rerouted via this connection, over the north side of the Manhattan Bridge, and via the BMT Brighton Line in Brooklyn. F service replaced it on the IND Culver Line. Beginning in July 1968 rush hour express service between Jay Street – Borough Hall and Kings Highway was added. This was discontinued in 1976 due to budget cuts and complaints about reduced Manhattan service by riders at local stations.
On May 24, 1987, N and R services swapped terminals in Queens. As part of the reroute plan, F service terminated at 57th Street / Sixth Avenue during late nights. On December 11, 1988 in order to replace local service from the rerouted E train between Kew Gardens – Union Tpke and 179 St, R service was extended from Continental Avenue to Jamaica – 179 Street, therefore allowing the F to continue running express. Then, on September 30, 1990, R service was cut back from 179th Street to 71st Avenue – Continental Avenue during all times except rush hours, and replaced by local F service. In October 1992, the R was cut back to 179 St during rush hours  Also, at the same time, late night service and late night local service in Queens was replaced by the G and F service was moved to 21st Street – Queensbridge to replace the Q shuttle. In May 1997, the F service was taken off of the IND 63rd Street Line during late nights and was replaced by a shuttle. The F service now ran local to 179th Street replacing the late night G service.
In December 2000, the F service began to be rerouted via the new 63rd Street connector during nights and weekends. A couple of rush hour specials were soon after scheduled to run through the connector to relieve the 53rd St. tunnel. On December 16, 2001, the 63rd Street Connector officially opened, connecting the IND 63rd Street Line with the IND Queens Boulevard Line. In a controversial move, the local V service replaced the express F service in the heavily trafficked 53rd Street Tunnel between Manhattan and Queens, while F service was rerouted to the 63rd Street Tunnel at all times. F service also began making express stops in Queens between 71st Avenue and 21st Street – Queensbridge at all times. On September 8, 2002, Stillwell Avenue was closed for reconstruction. F service was cut back to Avenue X, and service to Stillwell Avenue was replaced by a shuttle bus. F service returned to Stillwell Avenue on May 23, 2004, upon completion of the construction work.
There has been community support for resuming express service along the northern portion of the Culver Line. The MTA has announced that the elevated Culver Viaduct undergone extensive renovations from 2009 to 2012, after which "There will be no impediment to implementing the F express." The F express service along the Culver Line is still under consideration, as there is some controversy from residents living along the line who fear that they would no longer have a one-seat ride into Manhattan. As of April 2015[update], there is no Culver express service.
The F service uses the following lines with the same service pattern at all times.
|IND Queens Boulevard Line||Jamaica – 179th Street||75th Avenue||local|
|Forest Hills – 71st Avenue||36th Street||express|
|IND 63rd Street Line (full line)||21st Street – Queensbridge||57th Street||all|
|IND Sixth Avenue Line||47th–50th Streets – Rockefeller Center||Second Avenue||local|
|Delancey Street||York Street||all|
|IND Culver Line (full line)||Jay Street – MetroTech||Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue||local|
For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops late nights only|
|Stops late nights and weekends only|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only|
|Time period details|
- "mta.info - Line Colors". mta.info.
- "NYCT Line by Line History". erictb.info.
- "N and R Service changes". subwaynut.com.
- "E,F Detour in 2001, F trains via 63 St, E no trains running, take R instead-The Subway Nut". subwaynut.com.
- "NO TRAINS OVER THE WILLIAMSBURG BRIDGE TAKE ONE(jpg)-The Subway Nut". subwaynut.com.
- Cohen, Ariella (June 23, 2007). "Can I get an express, please". The Brooklyn Paper. Retrieved 2007-11-27.
- "Who needs an F express?". The Brooklyn Paper. September 15, 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-27.
- McLaughlin, Mike (November 24, 2007). "Fix for Fourth Avenue station looks F’ing great". The Brooklyn Paper. Retrieved 2007-11-27.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to F (New York City Subway service).|
- MTA NYC Transit – F Sixth Avenue Local
- "F Subway Timetable, Effective December 7, 2014". New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2015-01-02.