F (New York City Subway service)

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Sixth Avenue Local
F symbol
F map
Northern end Jamaica – 179th Street
Southern end Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue or Kings Highway
Stations 45

The F Sixth Avenue Local is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. It is colored bright orange on route signs, station signs, and the official subway map, since it runs on the IND Sixth Avenue Line through Manhattan.

The F service operates at all times between 179th Street in Jamaica, Queens and Stillwell Avenue in Coney Island, Brooklyn via Queens Boulevard in Queens, 63rd Street and Sixth Avenue in Manhattan, and Culver in Brooklyn, making all stops except for an express section in Queens between Forest Hills – 71st Avenue and 21st Street – Queensbridge. However, some rush hour trains short turn at Kings Highway due to capacity issues at Stillwell Avenue.

History[edit]

An R46 F train at 34th Street – Herald Square, bound for Queens
An R160A F train at 34th Street – Herald Square, bound for Queens
1967–1979 bullet
  • F service officially began on December 15, 1940 between Parsons Boulevard and Church Avenue via the Queens Boulevard, Sixth Avenue, and IND Culver Lines. It ran express in Queens and local in Manhattan and Brooklyn.
  • During World War II, trains were extended to 169th Street during evenings, late nights, and Sunday mornings.
  • A 1948 map has the D and F service switched, with the F going to Second Avenue. But this was afterwards changed back.[1]
  • On December 11, 1950, trains were extended to 179th Street on evenings, nights, and Sunday mornings. On May 13, 1951, all trains outside of rush hour extended to 179th Street. On October 18, 1951, all trains started to terminate at 179th Street at all times.[2]
  • On October 30, 1954, the connection between the IND Culver Line and BMT Culver Line was completed, with the IND taking over the elevated section. Rush hour F service terminated at Broadway – Lafayette Street to allow D service to enter Brooklyn via the Rutgers Street Tunnel. On June 28, 1956, trains were extended to Second Avenue.
  • Beginning October 6, 1957, trains terminated at 34th Street – Herald Square evenings, nights and weekends.
  • Beginning November 10, 1958, F service was cut back from Second Avenue and started terminating at Broadway – Lafayette Street weekdays.
  • Beginning July 9, 1967, trains no longer ran express between 179th Street and 71st – Continental Avenues.
  • On November 26, 1967, the Chrystie Street Connection was completed. D service was rerouted via this connection, over the north side of the Manhattan Bridge, and via the BMT Brighton Line in Brooklyn. F service replaced it on the IND Culver Line. Beginning in July 1968 there was rush hour express service between Jay Street – Borough Hall and Kings Highway. This was discontinued in 1976 due to budget cuts and complaints about reduced Manhattan service by riders at local stations. There has been community support for resuming express service along the Culver Line.[3][4] The MTA has announced that the elevated Culver Viaduct undergone extensive renovations from 2009 to 2012, after which "There will be no impediment to implementing the F express."[5] The F express service along the Culver Line is still under consideration, as there is some controversy from residents living along the line who fear that they would no longer have a one-seat ride into Manhattan.
  • On May 24, 1987, N and R services switched terminals in Queens. As part of the reroute plan, F service terminated at 57th Street / Sixth Avenue during late nights.
  • On September 30, 1990, R service was cut back from 179th Street to 71st Avenue, and replaced by F service.
  • Also, at the same time, late night service and late night local service in Queens was replaced by the G and F service was moved to 21st Street – Queensbridge to replace the Q shuttle.
  • In May 1997, the F service was taken off of the IND 63rd Street Line during late nights and was replaced by a shuttle. The F service now ran local to 179th Street.
  • In December 2000, the F service began to be rerouted via the new 63rd St. connector during nights and weekends. A couple of rush hour specials were soon after scheduled to run through the connector to relieve the 53rd St. tunnel.
  • On December 16, 2001, the 63rd Street Connector opened, connecting the IND 63rd Street Line with the IND Queens Boulevard Line. In a controversial move, the local V service replaced the express F service in the heavily trafficked 53rd Street Tunnel between Manhattan and Queens, while F service was rerouted to the 63rd Street Tunnel at all times. F service also began making express stops in Queens between 71st Avenue and 21st Street – Queensbridge at all times.
  • On September 8, 2002, Stillwell Avenue was closed for reconstruction. F service was cut back to Avenue X, and service to Stillwell Avenue was replaced by a shuttle bus. F service returned to Stillwell Avenue on May 23, 2004, upon completion of the construction work.

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The F service uses the following lines with the same service pattern at all times.

Line From To Tracks
IND Queens Boulevard Line Jamaica – 179th Street 75th Avenue local
Forest Hills – 71st Avenue 36th Street express
IND 63rd Street Line (full line) 21st Street – Queensbridge 57th Street all
IND Sixth Avenue Line 47th–50th Streets – Rockefeller Center Second Avenue local
Delancey Street York Street all
IND Culver Line (full line) Jay Street – MetroTech Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue local

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops late nights and weekends Stops late nights and weekends only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
F service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections
Queens
Stops all times Jamaica – 179th Street Handicapped/disabled access E rush hours Q3 bus to JFK Int'l Airport
Stops all times 169th Street
Stops all times Parsons Boulevard E rush hours
Stops all times Sutphin Boulevard
Stops all times Briarwood – Van Wyck Boulevard E nights after 9:00 p.m. and weekends
Stops all times Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike Handicapped/disabled access E all times Q10 bus to JFK Int'l Airport
Stops all times 75th Avenue E nights after 9:00 p.m. and weekends
Stops all times Forest Hills – 71st Avenue Handicapped/disabled access E all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. R all hours except late nights LIRR Main Line at Forest Hills
Stops all times Jackson Heights – Roosevelt Avenue Handicapped/disabled access E all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. R all hours except late nights
7 all times (IRT Flushing Line)
Q47 bus to LaGuardia Marine Air Terminal
Q70 Limited bus to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times 21st Street – Queensbridge Handicapped/disabled access
Manhattan
Stops all times Roosevelt Island Handicapped/disabled access Roosevelt Island Tramway
Stops all times Lexington Avenue – 63rd Street Handicapped/disabled access 4 all times 5 all except late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line at 59th Street),
N all times Q weekdays R all except late nights (BMT Broadway Line at Lexington Avenue / 59th Street); Out-of-system transfers with MetroCard
Stops all times 57th Street
Stops all times 47th–50th Streets – Rockefeller Center Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times 42nd Street – Bryant Park B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
7 all times <7>rush hours until 10:00 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line at Fifth Avenue)
Stops all times 34th Street – Herald Square Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
N all times Q all times R all except late nights (BMT Broadway Line)
M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
PATH at 33rd Street
Stops all times 23rd Street M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. PATH at 23rd Street
Stops all times 14th Street M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
1 all times 2 all times 3 all except late nights (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line at 14th Street)
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line at Sixth Avenue)
PATH at 14th Street
Stops all times West Fourth Street – Washington Square Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
A all times C all except late nights E all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
PATH at 9th Street
Stops all times Broadway – Lafayette Street Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
4 late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line at Bleecker Street)
Stops all times Second Avenue M15 Select Bus Service
Stops all times Delancey Street J all times M all times except late nights Z rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line at Essex Street)
Stops all times East Broadway
Brooklyn
Stops all times York Street
Stops all times Jay Street – MetroTech Handicapped/disabled access A all times C all except late nights
R weekdays except late nights (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
Stops all times Bergen Street G all times
Stops all times Carroll Street G all times
Stops all times Smith–Ninth Streets G all times
Stops all times Fourth Avenue G all times
D late nights N late nights R all except late nights (BMT Fourth Avenue Line at Ninth Street)
Stops all times Seventh Avenue G all times
Stops all times 15th Street – Prospect Park G all times
Stops all times Fort Hamilton Parkway G all times
Stops all times Church Avenue Handicapped/disabled access G all times
Stops all times Ditmas Avenue
Stops all times 18th Avenue
Stops all times Avenue I
Stops all times Bay Parkway
Stops all times Avenue N
Stops all times Avenue P
Stops all times Kings Highway Southern terminus for some weekday rush hour trains.
Stops all times Avenue U
Stops all times Avenue X
Stops all times Neptune Avenue
Stops all times West Eighth Street – New York Aquarium Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)
Stops all times Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue Handicapped/disabled access D all times (BMT West End Line)
N all times (BMT Sea Beach Line)
Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.erictb.info/linehistory.html#f
  2. ^ http://www.erictb.info/linehistory.html#f
  3. ^ Cohen, Ariella (June 23, 2007). "Can I get an express, please". The Brooklyn Paper. Retrieved 2007-11-27. 
  4. ^ "Who needs an F express?". The Brooklyn Paper. September 15, 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-27. 
  5. ^ McLaughlin, Mike (November 24, 2007). "Fix for Fourth Avenue station looks F’ing great". The Brooklyn Paper. Retrieved 2007-11-27. 

External links[edit]