Fabriano

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Fabriano
Comune
Comune di Fabriano
Fabriano-Civita02.jpg
Coat of arms of Fabriano
Coat of arms
Fabriano is located in Italy
Fabriano
Fabriano
Location of Fabriano in Italy
Coordinates: 43°20′N 12°55′E / 43.333°N 12.917°E / 43.333; 12.917
Country Italy
Region Marche
Province Ancona (AN)
Frazioni see list
Government
 • Mayor Giancarlo Sagramola (PD)
Area
 • Total 269.91 km2 (104.21 sq mi)
Elevation 325 m (1,066 ft)
Population (31 August 2010)
 • Total 31,924
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Demonym Fabrianesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 60044
Dialing code 0732
Patron saint St. John the Baptist
Saint day June 24
Website Official website

Fabriano is a town and comune of Ancona province in the Italian region of the Marche, at 325 metres (1,066 ft) above sea level. It lies in the Esino valley 44 kilometres (27 mi) upstream and southwest of Jesi; and 15 kilometres (9 mi) east-northeast of Fossato di Vico and 36 kilometres (22 mi) east of Gubbio (both in Umbria). Its location on the main highway and rail line from Umbria to the Adriatic make it a mid-sized regional center in the Apennines. Fabriano is the headquarters of the giant appliance maker Indesit.

Fabriano, with Bologna, is the only Italian creative city (UNESCO). The town is in the category Folk Arts (for the Fabriano's handmade paper production).

History[edit]

Fabriano appears to have been founded in the early Middle Ages by the inhabitants of a small Roman town 5 kilometres (3 mi) south at Attiggio (Latin Attidium), of which some slight remains and inscriptions are extant. Fabriano itself was one of the earliest places in Europe to make high-quality paper on an industrial scale, starting in the 13th century, and the town even today has a reputation for fine watermarked paper. This led to Fabriano's prosperity in the Late Middle Ages and the Renaissance, and was also one of the factors that led to the establishment of nearby Foligno in Umbria as one of the earliest printing centers in Italy in the 15th century, from 1470 onwards.

Main sights[edit]

Fabriano's wealth and commitment to the fine arts in the late medieval period have left it with many monuments.

Churches[edit]

  • The Cathedral of St. Venantius (14th century, rebuilt in 1607–17). From the Baroque restoration are the stucco decoration of the interior and the canvasses by Gregorio Preti, Salvator Rosa, Giovanni Francesco Guerrieri, Giuseppe Puglia and Orazio Gentileschi. To the original Cathedral belong the polygonal apse, the cloister and the St Lawrence Chapel with frescoes by Allegretto di Nuzio (c. 1360). Also important are the frescoes with Stories of the True Cross by the Folignate painter Giovanni di Corraduccio (1415).
  • San Domenico
  • Santi Blaise and Romuald
  • Sant'Onofrio
  • St Philip
  • The Benedictine Abbey
  • St Augustine
  • St Catherine
  • Collegiata of St. Nicholas
  • Santa Maria del Piangato
  • St Benedict
  • Oratory of the Gonfalone
Palazzo del Podestà.

Other buildings[edit]

People[edit]

Frazioni[edit]

Frazioni of Fabriano are:

Albacina, Argignano, Attiggio, Bassano, Bastia, Belvedere, Borgo Tufico, Cacciano, Ca' Maiano, Campodiegoli, Campodonico, Cancelli, Cantia, Castelletta, Ceresola, Ciaramella, Coccore, Collamato, Collegiglioni, Colle Paganello, Cupo, Fontanaldo, Grotte, Marena, Marenella, Marischio, Melano, Moscano, Nebbiano, Paterno, Poggio San Romualdo, Precicchie, Rocchetta, Rucce, San Donato, San Giovanni, San Michele, San Pietro, Sant'Elia, Serradica, Valgiubbola, Vallemontagnana, Valleremita, Vallina, Varano, Viacce, Vigne.

External links[edit]

(Incorporates text from Bill Thayer's Gazetteer of Italy, by permission.)