Facet (geometry)

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For other uses of facet, see Facet (disambiguation)

In geometry, a facet is a feature of a polyhedron, polytope, or related geometric structure, generally of dimension one less than the structure itself.

  • In three-dimensional geometry a facet of a polyhedron is any polygon whose corners are vertices of the polyhedron, and need not be a face.[citation needed] For example, the faces of the convex hull of a non-convex polyhedron are facets of this polyhedron. To facet a polyhedron is to find and join such facets to form a new polyhedron; this is the reciprocal process to stellation and may also be applied to higher-dimensional polytopes.[1]
  • In polyhedral combinatorics and in the general theory of polytopes, a facet of a polytope of dimension n is a face that has dimension n − 1. Facets may also be called (n − 1)-faces. In three-dimensional geometry, they are often called "faces" without qualification.[2]
  • A facet of a simplicial complex is a maximal simplex, that is a simplex that is not a face of another simplex of the complex.[3] For simplicial polytopes this coincides with the meaning from polyhedral combinatorics.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Coxeter, H. S. M. (1973), Regular Polytopes, Dover, p. 95 .
  2. ^ Matoušek, Jiří (2002), Lectures in Discrete Geometry, Graduate Texts in Mathematics 212, Springer, 5.3 Faces of a Convex Polytope, p. 86 .
  3. ^ De Loera, Jesús A.; Rambau, Jörg; Santos, Francisco (2010), Triangulations: Structures for Algorithms and Applications, Algorithms and Computation in Mathematics 25, Springer, p. 493, ISBN 9783642129711 .

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