Facial canal

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Facial canal
Facial canal.png
Route of facial nerve, with facial canal labeled
Canalisnervifacialis.PNG
View of the inner wall of the tympanum. (Facial canal visible in upper left.)
Details
Latin canalis nervi facialis, canalis facialis
Identifiers
Dorlands
/Elsevier
c_04/12208699
TA A02.1.06.009
FMA FMA:54952
Anatomical terminology

The facial canal (also known as Fallopian Canal[1] -first described by Gabriele Falloppio-) is a Z-shaped canal running through the temporal bone from the internal acoustic meatus to the stylomastoid foramen. In humans it is approximately 3 centimeters long, which makes it the longest human osseous canal of a nerve.[2][dubious ] It is located within the middle ear region, according to its shape it is divided into three main segments: the labyrinthine, the tympanic, and the mastoidal segment.[3] It contains Cranial Nerve VII, also known as the facial nerve.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rauchfuss, A.; Abing, W." (2005). "Fetal development of the tympanic part of the facial canal". European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology 243 (6): 374–377. PMID 3566620. 
  2. ^ Weiglein AH (June 1996). "Postnatal development of the facial canal. An investigation based on cadaver dissections and computed tomography". Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy 18 (2): 115–23. doi:10.1007/BF01795229. PMID 8782317. 
  3. ^ "Einspieler, R., Weiglein, A., Anderhuber, W. and Jakse, R." (1994). "Imaging of the facial canal by means of multiplanar angulated 2-D-high-resolution CT-reconstruction". Surgical and radiologic anatomy 16 (4): 423–427. doi:10.1007/BF01627665. PMID 7725200. 

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