Facial vein

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Vein: Facial vein
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Veins of the head and neck (facial vein labeles as Anterior facial at right center, at cheek, to right of masseter)
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Dissection, showing salivary glands of right side (facial vein labeled as Anterior facial vein at bottom right)
Latin Vena facialis anterior
Gray's p.645
Source
Angular vein
Drains to
Internal jugular vein
Artery
Facial artery

The facial vein (or anterior facial vein) is a relative large vein in the human face. It commences at the side of the root of the nose and is a direct continuation of the angular vein where it also receives a small nasal branch. It lies behind the facial artery and follows a less tortuous course. It receives blood from the external palatine vein before it either joins the anterior branch of the retromandibular vein to form the common facial vein, or drains directly into the internal jugular vein.

A common misconception states that the facial vein has no valves, but this has been contradicted by recent studies.[1]

Its walls are not so flaccid as most superficial veins.

Path[edit]

From its origin it runs obliquely downward and backward, beneath the zygomaticus major muscle and zygomatic head of the quadratus labii superioris, descends along the anterior border and then on the superficial surface of the masseter, crosses over the body of the mandible, and passes obliquely backward, beneath the platysma and cervical fascia, superficial to the submandibular gland, the digastricus and stylohyoideus muscles.

Additional images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zhang, J.; Stringer, M. D. (2010). "Ophthalmic and facial veins are not valveless". Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology 38 (5): 502–510. doi:10.1111/j.1442-9071.2010.02325.x. PMID 20491800.  edit

This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.

External links[edit]