Factoria, Bellevue, Washington
Factoria is a mixed-use urban neighborhood in south Bellevue, Washington and is one of the city's significant commercial districts. Originally timberland from the 1890s to 1920s and later envisioned as an industrial center, Factoria has since the 1960s evolved into commercial and residential development. Factoria was annexed into Bellevue in 1993. The core neighborhood is bounded by Interstate 90 to the north, Interstate 405 to the west, Newport Way to the east, and Coal Creek Parkway to the south.
In the late 1890s, the Northern Pacific Railway laid tracks through the largely uninhabited area along the shores of Lake Washington near Mercer Island. In the early 1900s a large industrial center was envisioned by a group of Seattle investors led by E. L. Skeel on what is now the interchange of Interstate 405 and I-90. In 1908 Skeel formed the Mercer Land Company and platted several blocks adjoining the railroad tracks. The new community was to be named Mercer. A stove factory was constructed at the town-site but never manufactured a single stove. By 1911, development of the community was at a standstill and the company, now run by a Sarah Kendall with Skeel as secretary, filed a new plat featuring more blocks and public space. The project was now called Factoria, a name that would hopefully attract major industries, which it never did.
In the late 1920s Factoria became the headquarters for the burgeoning rabbit industry on the East Side. In 1927, an abandoned local factory was converted into a processing plant for canned rabbit meat and fur as well as a marketing headquarters for the industry. In 1939, construction began on a new $800,000 highway project that straightened out the Sunset Highway between Issaquah and Mercer Island and eventually led to the construction of the Lacey V. Murrow Memorial Bridge across Lake Washington. The new four-lane highway passed directly through Factoria and intersected with Lake Washington Boulevard, then the major North-South highway on the East side.
Following the opening of the bridge and highway in 1940, Factoria became a major crossroads. In 1950, the 900-car Sunset Outdoor Theatre was constructed near the intersection by Sterling Theatres, Inc.
Factoria remained largely undeveloped up until the 1960s, when freeway construction put the area at the intersection of two major arterials, Interstate 405 and Interstate 90, which would replace most of the original town-site and create a major suburban retail center.
Commerce and industry
Factoria's commercial development is centered on Marketplace @ Factoria, a nearby eight-theater cinema, and several grocery stores. Numerous office buildings of various size are scattered in the area, most significantly the six-tower Newport Corporate Center, occupied primarily by T-Mobile USA. Typical to a business district, Factoria is dotted with shops, business services, and restaurants.
Factoria serves as a commercial center for surrounding residential neighborhoods, such as Eastgate, Somerset, Newport Hills, Newport Shores, Mockingbird Hill, Greenwich Crest, and Woodridge. The Factoria area represents a community of about 2,100 acres (8.5 km2) bounded by Interstate 90 to the north, Lake Washington to the west, the Somerset Hills to the east, the Newport Hills to the south. The area contains about 5,000 residential units, 11,000,000 square feet (1,000,000 m2) of commercial space, and offices employing 7,500 people. Public transportation in Factoria is served by King County Metro buses, primarily routes 222, 240, and 245. Factoria Boulevard, Richards Road, Eastgate Way, Newport Way, and Coal Creek Parkway are major arterials that lead to or through the Factoria area.
Surrounding cities and neighborhoods
Marketplace @ Factoria
Marketplace @ Factoria, first opened in 1977 under the name Factoria Square and later called Factoria Mall, originally contained about 20 retailers and was anchored by Ernst Home Centers, Lamonts, Britania, DJ's Sound City, Pay 'n Save, and Safeway. In 2008, the mall was slated for new urbanist redevelopment, likely a result of being labeled a dead mall as anchors such as Mervyn's moved out. The mall was renamed Marketplace @ Factoria at this time, and one of Bellevue's two small Wal-Mart stores is now a tenant.
- T-Mobile USA US headquarters (formerly Western Wireless Corporation headquarters)
- Marketplace @ Factoria (formerly Factoria Mall)
- Loehmanns Plaza
- Newport High School
- Lower Coal Creek Trail
-  Factoria Subarea Plan, City of Bellevue.
- "Rabbit Industry to have headquarters" Seattle Times 8 May 1927. Pg. 26.
- "Lake-to-Issaquah Highway Will Be Ready by Summer" Seattle Times 3 Nov. 1939. Pg. 19.
- "New Outdoor Theatre" Seattle Times 3 Jun. 1950. Pg. 4.
-  Factoria Neighborhood Bus Routes, King County Metro Transit.
-  Marketplace @ Factoria Official Site
-  Directory, Factoria Mall.
-  Factoria Redevelopment Begins, Redfin.
-  Malls of the Seattle Area: A Tour of the Factoria Mall, The Sledgehammer.
-  Factoria Mall Just Keeps Getting Emptier, The Sledgehammer.
-  Factoria Mall Redevelopment Update: The Beginning is Near, The Sledgehammer.
-  Factoria Mall Redevelopment Update: Moving Things Around, The Sledgehammer.
-  Deadmalls as New Urbanist Playgrounds, Boing Boing.
-  The Future of Shopping Malls: An Image Essay, Worldchanging.
-  Lower Coal Creek Trail, The Seattle Times.
- Map: Coordinates: