Faculty of Law, Saint Petersburg State University
|Faculty of Law at Saint Petersburg State University|
|Location||Saint Petersburg, Russia|
On 22 January 1724, Peter the Great ordered to establish the Russian Academy of Sciences and a university where tutors would teach students in theology, jurisprudence, medicine and philosophy. For this purpose Peter invited teachers from Germany. However, from the middle of 18th century the university had been suffering financial difficulties. That was until 1819, when Alexander I reinstated it. From the very beginning the Faculty of Philosophy and Law was leading: 13 of 24 first students studied there. The university perceived the liberal ideas of 1860s and became a mainstay of free thought, science and art. The Faculty of Law became the biggest at Saint Petersburg University by the end of 19th century (1335 of 2675 students studied there in 1894). The university's and faculty's advancement was stopped by the Revolution of 1905, World War I and the Revolution of 1917. After the Revolution many professors left the country, some of them were expelled. The university did not have a law faculty from 1930 to 1944. It was re-established after the Siege of Leningrad had been lifted in 1944. After the war the faculty restored its leading positions and now is considered one of the best law faculties in Russia.
During the 19th and 20th centuries such famous scholars as Friedrich Martens, Leon Petrazycki, Nikolai Tagantsev, Aleksandr Gradovsky, Konstantin Kavelin, Maksim Kovalevsky, Anatoly Koni, and Ilia Zdanevich lectured at the Faculty of Law.
Also three prime ministers of Russia, Boris Stürmer, Alexander Kerensky and Dmitriy Medvedev (as well former president), the leader of the Bolsheviks Vladimir Lenin and the current president Vladimir Putin (as well former prime minister) have graduated from the faculty.
Nowadays the Faculty of Law has 10 departments, which include the Department of State and Administrative Law, Department of Civil Law, Department of Civil Procedure, Department of Commercial Law, Department of International Law, Department of Environmental Law, Department of the Theory and History of the State and Law, Department of Labor Law, Department of Criminal Law and Department of Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics.
- Friedrich Martens
- Alexander Blok
- Nikolai Tagantsev
- Pēteris Stučka
- Pavel Alexandrovich Alexandrov
- Dmitry Kuzmin-Karavayev
- Mikhail Taube
- Vladimir Putin
- Dmitry Medvedev
- Anatoly Sobchak
- Alexander Bastrykin
- Anton Alexandrovich Ivanov
- Vitaly Mutko
- Alexander Kerensky
- Dmitry Kozak
- Włodzimierz Spasowicz
- Anatoliy Serdyukov