|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (December 2011)|
Fad Gadget in 2001
|Birth name||Francis John Tovey|
8 September 1956|
|Died||3 April 2002
|Genres||Industrial, new wave, synthpop, post-punk|
|Associated acts||Frank Tovey & The Pyros|
Francis John "Frank" Tovey, known also by his stage name Fad Gadget (8 September 1956 – 3 April 2002), was a British avant-garde electronic musician and vocalist. He was a proponent of both new wave and early industrial music, fusing together a unique blend of pop structured songs mixed with mechanized experimentation.
As Fad Gadget, his music was characterized by the use of synthesizers in conjunction with sounds of found objects, including drills and electric razors. His bleak, sarcastic and darkly humorous lyrics, often layered with biting social commentary toward subjects such as machinery, industrialization, consumerism, human sexuality, mass media, religion and domestic violence, were sung in a droning, often expressionless voice.
Tovey was born in 1956 in the UK. At school, Tovey tried to learn many different musical instruments. He realised he did not have the coordination to be able to play any of them really well.
Tovey drifted away from the idea of playing music, and began getting involved in other art forms instead. He later studied visual arts and mime at Leeds Metropolitan University, known as Leeds Polytechnic at the time. He felt the need to give his mime act some sort of musical accompaniment so he went back to the idea of recording music. The initial musical pieces were formed of sound manipulation using tape recorders.
Tovey began experimenting using an old Grundig tape recorder. He disconnected the erase head from the playback head and installed a simple switch between the two. This gave him control over what sounds could be erased or kept. He spent a lot of time building up sound collages using this method. After finishing full-time education Tovey began working at various day jobs and around the mid seventies managed to set up his own home studio. At the time he was living in London, in a small house. The only space where he could set up his studio was in a cupboard. The initial equipment he used consisted mainly of his Grundig tape recorder. At this time he was using no musical instrument at all. The first keyboard instrument he owned was a Crumar Compac electric piano. He also bought a Korg Minipops drum machine from a home organ shop. He eventually decided to purchase a Korg synthesiser. He thought that due to his lack of musical ability he would be able to create some impressive sounds. After the purchase of this equipment he began writing music seriously; it was at this time he sent a demo tape of "Back to Nature" to Daniel Miller, who had just released his first single as The Normal.
Signing to Mute Records
Tovey signed as Fad Gadget to Daniel Miller's Mute Records. He was the first artist to sign to Mute. "Back to Nature" was recorded as the second Mute Records release at RMS Studio in London. At the time RMS was an eight track studio. Tovey had no real experience of recording within a studio environment, so he left most of the decision making to Daniel Miller. Most of the recorded instruments on "Back to Nature" belonged to Tovey, although he used equipment belonging to Miller as well; this included an ARP 2600 synthesiser.
"Back to Nature" was a great success for Mute Records so a follow-up record was produced; the follow-up was titled "Ricky's Hand". The recording included Tovey’s wife, Barbara, singing a vocal part near the end of the recording; the vocal part is then mixed with a synthesiser part into the outro of the song. Tovey then went on to record an album for Mute Records. Fireside Favourites was recorded at Blackwing Studios in London. He decided to record the album without Daniel Miller’s assistance.
Tovey felt it was important that he made all the decisions about recording the album himself. Tovey also felt the ideas and concepts behind his live performances were just as important. His live appearances progressed to dressing in theatrical costumes, reflecting back to his days studying visual arts, and he quickly became known for his confrontational stage antics. Some of these included covering himself in tar and feathers, swinging his microphone like a whip, leaping backwards into the audience, dancing across bar tables, climbing up speakers, hanging from ceiling fixtures, pulling out his body hair and playing instruments with his head, often ending up in personal injury. Tovey was particularly infamous for spreading his naked body in shaving cream onstage, an image of which is depicted on the cover of The Best of Fad Gadget. Sounds magazine described him as "...the bumbling but talented Dr Who of electro-pop".
Tovey recorded two more albums for Mute Records at Blackwing Studios which was using more complex recording equipment. Incontinent and Under the Flag showed a progressive change in Tovey’s music; due both to the technological advances and his own growing knowledge of recording techniques. It was during the recording of Under the Flag that he began using the Roland MC-4 Microcomposer. This made it easy for Tovey to create a more controlled style of music. This style was carried on with the recording of the album Gag.
The recording of Gag was a turning point in Tovey’s recording career. It would be the first time he used a band of musicians to record an album, before he had recorded most of the musical parts himself. It would also see a major change in the recording location from London to Hansa Tonstudio in Berlin. He had wanted a break from the way he had been recording in London. The acoustic spaces in the German studio had excited Tovey. He was also excited about the recording equipment that was installed at Hansa at that time, including the computer controlled mixing desk. He found the new recording practices refreshing, having other people collaborating in the writing and recording process. Some of these collaborators included the viola player, Joni Sackett, and keyboard player, David Simmonds. The recordings included many acoustic instruments, which veered away from the electronic instruments which had been used on previous recording sessions. Tovey had used synthesisers when they were not fashionable to use – he had now moved away from electronic instrumentation when it was the current trend with other recording artists. During the recording of Gag the German industrial band, Einstürzende Neubauten, were recording for Some Bizarre Records at Hansa and had been the support act for Fad Gadget at a gig at "The Loft" venue in Berlin. Frank liked their use of Industrial equipment and found objects something he had encouraged Nick Cash drummer and percussionist since first album to do. Frank Tovey heard a large printing press nearby which had a distinctive rhythm and got Gareth Jones the co-producer/engineer to record it, this was looped and became the basis for "Collapsing New People" in respect of the sample usage from Neubauten recordings owned by Some Bizarre. The sample was used firstly on two tracks on Fad Gadget's "Collapsing New People" 12" released November 1983. All these recordings were engineered by Gareth Jones and the sample used was stored on his Akai sampler with Cash drumming along and keeping the swing of the machine. Tovey then thought it would be good to ask Neubauten not Some Bizarre Records and Frank asked if they would add some of their percussion noise to the mix, however he thought there was enough going on in the track and their contribution was used on the B.Side "Spoil The Child" and on the 12" mix of the song. Neubauten’s percussion was overdubbed over the already recorded backing tracks. The percussion tracks proved difficult to mix at the final stage, but Tovey was pleased with the final result without any form of agreement with the German artist Record Label. The track "Collapsing New People" was released as a single by Mute Records. (Einstürzende Neubauten translated means, "collapsing new buildings.") After recording the album Gag, Tovey began recording under his real name – Frank Tovey. He carried on moving toward acoustic instruments and in 1984 had decided he may want to record on his own again.
In 1989, he changed musical tactics in his criticism of industrialization, recording a mostly acoustic album of protest and labor songs Tyranny and the Hired Hand including such standards as "Sixteen Tons." He then tried his hand at writing similar material, recorded two more albums with a backing band named The Pyros. After touring in 1993, Tovey withdrew from the music business.
In 2001, Tovey resurrected his old pseudonym to support his former colleagues and Mute label-mates, Depeche Mode, on their Exciter tour. He continued to perform live, and was working on a new album at the time of his death. Tovey suffered from heart problems since his childhood, and died of a heart attack on 3 April 2002 at the age of 45. He left a wife, a daughter (Morgan) and a son (Joseph).
As Fad Gadget
- Fireside Favourites (1980)
- Incontinent (1981)
- Under the Flag (1982)
- Gag (1984)
- The Best of Fad Gadget (2001)
As Frank Tovey
- Easy Listening for the Hard of Hearing (1984) (with Boyd Rice)
- Snakes and Ladders (1986)
- The Fad Gadget Singles (1986)
- Civilian (1988)
- Tyranny & the Hired Hand (1989)
- Grand Union (1991)
- Worried Men in Second Hand Suits (1992)
- Fad Gadget by Frank Tovey (2006)
As Fad Gadget
|1979||"Back To Nature"||"The Box"||non-album singles|
|"Fireside Favourite"||"Insecticide"||Fireside Favourites|
|1981||"Make Room"||"Lady Shave"||non-album single|
|1982||"King Of The Flies" (flexi)||Depeche Mode - "Sometimes I Wish I Was Dead"||released in Flexipop Magazine|
|"Saturday Night Special" (Special Mix)||"Swallow It" (Live)||Incontinent|
|"King Of The Flies"||"Plain Clothes"|
|"Life On The Line"||"4M"||Under the Flag|
|"For Whom the Bells Toll"||"Love Parasite"|
|1983||"I Discover Love"||"Lemmings On Lover's Rock"||non-album single|
|"Collapsing New People" (with Einstürzende Neubauten)||"Spoil The Child"||Gag|
|1984||"One Man's Meat"||"Sleep" (Electro Induced Original), "Ricky's Hand" (Live)|
|2001||"Fireside Favourite" (I Monster Remix)||"Ricky's Hand", "Collapsing New People" (Berlin Mix), "Lady Shave"||The Best of Fad Gadget|
|2003||"Collapsing New People" (WestBam Remix)||"Lady Shave" (John Acquaviva Remix)||Herr Lehmann (OST)|
- "Immobilise" (1986)
As Frank Tovey
- "Luxury" (1985)
- "Luddite Joe" (1986)
- "Bridge St. Shuffle" (1988)
- "Sam Hall" (1989)
- "The Liberty Tree" (1991)
- "All That Is Mine" (1992)
- Goldstein, Dan (April 1984). "Fad Gadget Interview". Electronics & Music Maker magazine (E&MM).
- Strauss, Neil (2002-04-15). "Frank Tovey, 46, Industrial-Music Innovator". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-05-15.
- Gimarc, George (July 1, 2005). Punk Diary: The Ultimate Trainspotter's Guide to Underground Rock, 1970-1982. Backbeat Books. p. 343. ISBN 978-0-87930-848-3.