|فائزه هاشمی رفسنجانی|
7 January 1962 |
|Political party||Islamic Iran Participation Front|
|Spouse(s)||Hamid Lahoti (m. 1987)|
|Children||Ali (born 1990)
Saeed (born 1998)
|Alma mater||University of Birmingham|
Faezeh Hashemi Rafsanjani (Persian: فائزه هاشمی رفسنجانی , born 7 January 1962) is an Iranian journalist, women rights activist, former member of Iranian parliament, and daughter of former president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani.
Early life and education
Rafsanjani was a member of the Servants of Construction (Kargozaran-e Sazendegi in Persian) that was established by moderate politicians. Between 1996 and 2000 she was a parliament representative from Tehran. She founded the women's newspaper Zan in 1998, which was disestablished in April 1999.
Views and activism
In the 1997 presidential elections, Rafsanjani supported Mohammad Khatami. During the 2009 Iranian election protests, Reuters reported that Rafsanjani addressed a crowd at a banned opposition rally in Tehran on 16 June, and was subsequently prohibited from leaving the country. She was arrested and briefly detained at least twice after participating in an opposition rallies in Tehran on 20 June 2009 (together with four relatives), and again on 20 February 2010 after "making blunt statements and chanting provocative slogans," according to Iranian state media. She was again arrested in February 2011. In March 2011, her son, Hassan, was also arrested.
A couple of videos appeared on the internet showing her being harassed by hardliners. Sometime before 27 February 2011, a video appeared showing Hashemi surrounded by several "hard-liners" threatening her with violence, insulting her, calling her a "whore," and chanting "Death to Rafsanjani".
Faeze favors women's rights, and has been a staunch advocate of relaxation of strict dress code (even though she prefers to wear the chador herself) She does not think it should be imposed on the people. She has traveled widely to Europe, Africa, and India to promote dialogue and is interested in ties with all regions. She has written positively about the effective movements of Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King, and Gandhi.
On 24 December 2011, she was standing trial on charges of making anti-regime propaganda, her lawyer was quoted as saying after a closed hearing. After the court told her about her accusation of propaganda against the regime, she and her lawyer gave their defence. Hashemi was arrested and released after taking part in a number of protests which erupted after a 2009 election which saw President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad reelected to office despite opposition claims the vote was rigged. She was arrested again for participating in anti-regime demonstrations in February 2011.
Her father, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani is facing harsh criticism from conservatives who demand he condemn publicly opposition leaders Mir-Hossein Mousavi and Mehdi Karroubi - he lost his seat on the powerful Assembly of Experts as a result. Rafsanjani later has distanced himself somewhat from the opposition leaders and he condemned the last anti-government demonstrations staged by their supporters. But his stance has not satisfied the conservatives.
On 3 January 2012, she was sentenced to six months in prison. She had 20 days to appeal. On 22 September 2012, Hashemi was arrested to serve her sentence. She was taken to Evin prison. She was released in March 2013 upon the completion of the sentence.
- "Profile - Hoj. Ali Akbar Rafsanjani". APS Review Gas Market Trends. 19 April 1999. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- Gasiorowski, Mark J. (1 October 2000). "The power struggle in Iran". Middle East Policy. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
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- Arash Karami (19 August 2013). "Faezeh Rafsanjani: Prison Was the Best Time of My Life". Al Monitor. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- "Rafsanjani children barred from leaving Iran- report". Reuters. 18 June 2009.
- "Five Hashemi-Rafsanjani relatives arrested". Press TV. 21 June 2009.
- Fathi, Nazila; Slackman, Michael (21 June 2009). "Relatives of Ex-President of Iran are Briefly Detained". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- "Daughter of former Iranian leader held". ITN. 23 February 2011. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Iran arrests ex-president Rafsanjani's grandson: reports". AFP Global Edition. 22 March 2010. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- Hard-Liners Attack Rafsanjani's Daughter, As He Faces Pressure, RFERL, 27 February 2011, Retrieved 11 March 2011
- Faeze Hashemi Author
- "Iran jails former President Rafsanjani's daughter". BBC News. 3 January 2012.
- "Iran arrests daughter of ex-president Rafsanjani: reports". AFP. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "Iran ex-president's daughter freed from jail". Arab News (Tehran). 19 March 2013. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Daughter of Expediency Council chairman released from prison". PressTV. 19 March 2013.
- Meeting Faezeh: The rise and fall of a talented woman—Biographical article in The Iranian (5 October 2000)