Fagopyrum

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Fagopyrum
Fagopyrum esculentum2.jpg
Fagopyrum esculentum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Polygonaceae
Genus: Fagopyrum
Mill.
Species

15-16, including:[1]

The genus Fagopyrum is in the flowering plant family Polygonaceae.

Description[edit]

Fagopyrum contains 15 to 16 species of plants, including two important crop plants, Buckwheat or Fagopyrum esculentum, and Tartary buckwheat or Fagopyrum tataricum. They have similar uses, and are classed as pseudocereals, because they are used in the same way as cereals but do not belong to the grass family Poaceae.

Within Fagopyrum, the cultivated species are in the Cymosum group, including Fagopyrum dibotrys or Perennial buckwheat (formerly Fagopyrum cymosum),[2] Fagopyrum giganteum, and Fagopyrum homotropicum.[3]

This genus has five-petaled flowers arranged in a compound raceme that produces laterally flowered cymose clusters.[4]

Phytochemical and Medicinal uses[edit]

Traditionally, most of the species are used for Anemia, constipation, hemorrhagic complaints, hypotensive patients, lumbago, dysentery, abdominal pain due to menstruation, postpartum pain due to blood stasis and pulmonary sepsis. Fagopyrum possess Antimicrobial activity, Anti- tumor effect, Antihypoglycemic activity, Anti-inflammatory, Analgesic activity and anti-oxidant activity. Phytochemical reports on genus Fagopyrum are flavanoids, steroids, organic acids and other miscellaneous compounds..[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of all Plant Species". 
  2. ^ PFAF Plant Database: Fagopyrum dibotrys (Perennial Buckwheat)
  3. ^ T. Sharma, S. Jana (2002). "Species relationships in Fagopyrum revealed by PCR-based DNA fingerprinting". Theoretical and Applied Genetics 105 (2-3): 306–312. doi:10.1007/s00122-002-0938-9. PMID 12582533. 
  4. ^ M. Quinet, V. Cawoy, I Lefevre, F. Van Miegroet, A-L. Jaquemart, J.-M. Kinet. (2004). "Inflorescence structure and control of flowering time and duration by light in buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench)". Journal of Experimental Botany 55 (402): 1509–1517. doi:10.1093/jxb/erh164. PMID 15208346. 
  5. ^ Wajid, Muhammad Shahzad Aslam, M Uzair (2015). "GENUS FAGOPYRUM: PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL REVIEW". Indian research journal of Pharmacy and science 2 (1): 1–14. 

External links[edit]