Fahrettin Altay

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the commander of the Ottoman Hejaz Expeditionary Force, also known as Fahreddin Pasha, see Fakhri Pasha.
Fahrettin Altay
1315-P. 1[1]
Fahrettin Pasha.jpg
Born (1880-01-20)20 January 1880
İşkodra, Scutari Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died 25 October 1974(1974-10-25) (aged 94)
Istanbul, Turkey
Buried at Turkish State Cemetery
Allegiance  Ottoman Empire (1902–1920)
 Turkey (1920–1945)
Service/branch  Ottoman Army
 Turkish Army
Years of service 1902–1945
Rank Orgeneral
Commands held Chief of Staff of the III Corps, Deputy undersecretary of the Ministry of War, 6th Division, 26th Division, XV Corps (deputy), 26th Division, XII Corps, III Corps
XII Corps, V Cavalry Group, V Cavalry Corps, First Army (deputy), V Corps, Second Army, First Army, member of the Supreme Military Council
Battles/wars Balkan Wars
World War I
Turkish War of Independence
Other work Member of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) from Mersin

Fahrettin Altay (12 January 1880 – 25 October 1974) was an Ottoman military officer and Turkish general.

He was born to Ismail Bey and Hayriye Hanım in İşkodra (present day: Shkodër) in Scutari Vilayet.

He was known as the commander of V Cavalry Corps that participated in various battles of the Turkish War of Independence. His most valued and priced action was the role of V Cavalry Corps during the famous Battle of Dumlupınar, where the V Cavalry Corps passed behind the Greek lines in the beginning of the battle. His cavalry cut Greek supply and communication. They raised havoc among the retreating Greek Corps and also captured General Nikolaos Trikoupis, CO of Greek forces in Anatolia. In Great Smyrna Offensive, V Cavalry Corps was one of the vanguards of the Turkish Army.

According to Altay Spor Tarihi ("The History of Altay Sports Club"), in 1966 when Fahrettin Altay visited the Altay Sports Club at Izmir, he explained to Erdoğan Tözge how his surname was given. According to Erdoğan Tözge, he presented a gold fountain pen to Fahrettin Altay, and asked him how he chose Altay as his surname. Fahrettin Altay replied, When we visited Izmir with Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha during the years of armistice, the Altay club played football against a mixed team consisted of Royal Navy personnel. We watched the game together. Altay club played very nice and when they won against the British, Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha was affected, honored and expressed his appreciation. After a long time had passed and Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha sent me to Tabriz to settle border dispute with Iran. During my staying at Tabriz, the Surname Law was adopted in the Grand National Assembly, and the Assembly gave the name Atatürk to Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha unanimously. All country congratulated him because of his new surname. I also sent a telegraph and celebrated.[2] Atatürk's response that he received the next day, was:[3]

Dear Fahrettin Altay Pasha, I also congratulate you and wish you honorable and glorious days as Altay.

—Turkish original, Sayın Fahrettin Altay Paşa, Ben de seni tebrik eder Altay gibi şanlı şerefli günler dilerim.

Afterwards, Fahrettin said, "My eyes were full when I received the telegram. Atatürk deemed me worthy of surname Altay for the memory of the football match of Altay that we had watched together and he had been affected."[2]

The main battle tank Altay is named in honor of him.[4]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, Genkurmay Başkanlığı Basımevi, Ankara, 1972, p. 102. (Turkish)
  2. ^ a b Ç. Esen Kaftan, Aydın Sevgel, Günay Şimşek, Mehmet Ali Hesertürk, Altay Spor Tarihi, Altay Spor Kulübü, c. 1975. (Turkish)[page needed]
  3. ^ Atatürk'ün Bütün Eserleri, Cilt 27, Kaynak Yayınları, 1998, ISBN 978-975-343-235-1, [1] p. 81.
  4. ^ Tolga Anıker, "Milli tank 'altay' için yola çıkıldı", Radikal, 30 July 2008. (Turkish)

Media related to Fahrettin Altay at Wikimedia Commons

Military offices
Preceded by
Ali Fuat Cebesoy
Inspector of the Second Army
31 October 1924 – 21 November 1933
Succeeded by
İzzettin Çalışlar
Preceded by
Ali Sait Akbaytogan
Inspector of the First Army
22 November 1933 – 19 December 1943
Succeeded by
Cemil Cahit Toydemir