Fair Finance Watch
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Fair Finance Watch is a non-governmental organization known for its investigations of the banking industry's treatment of low-income communities of color, around the world. It produces weekly reports on, and advocates concerning, such global banks as HSBC, Citigroup, Royal Bank of Scotland, Mizuho Financial Group and others. It was founded by Matthew Lee.
In October 2012, Fair Finance Watch raised fair lending and compliance issues about M&T Bank's application to acquire Hudson City Bancorp, which remains unapproved as of June 2013. See http://blogs.buffalonews.com/strictlybusiness/2012/10/bank-landing-criticized.html
In the Spring of 2013, in the US, Fair Finance Watch has for example raised fair lending issues regarding Investors Bank, see Newark [NJ] Star-Ledger of April 30, 2013, "Investors, Roma bank merger still awaiting regulator's approval," http://www.nj.com/business/index.ssf/2013/04/investors_roma_bank_merger_sti.html
In 1998, Fair Finance Watch and its predecessors took the lead in opposing the merger of Citicorp and Travelers to form Citigroup. Fair Finance Watch's founder Matthew Lee spoke at both companies' shareholders' meetings, commented to the Federal Reserve Board, and ultimately initiated litigations against the merger, the largest in the financial services industry. Since then, Fair Finance Watch has pursued Citigroup as it has made acquisitions in Mexico and elsewhere, while initiating similar campaigns regarding HSBC, JPMorgan Chase, Bank of America, Wachovia, Deutsche Bank, Royal Bank of Scotland, American International Group, Wells Fargo and others.
On the merger of US Bank and Firstar, Lee's questioning for Inner City Press triggered a Federal Reserve Board inquiry into the banks' practices, see here: http://www.bizjournals.com/milwaukee/stories/2000/12/18/story8.html?page=all