Fair Grounds Race Course
|Location||New Orleans, Louisiana|
|Owned by||Churchill Downs Inc.|
|Notable races||Louisiana Derby (G2)
New Orleans Handicap (G2)
Mervin H. Muniz Jr. Mml Handicap (G2)
Fair Grounds Oaks (G2)
Fair Grounds Race Course, often known as New Orleans Fair Grounds, is a thoroughbred racetrack and racino in New Orleans, Louisiana. It is operated by Churchill Downs Louisiana Horseracing Company, LLC.
In 1852 Union Race Course, which today is the site of Fair Grounds, was laid out on Gentilly Road in New Orleans, making it the third oldest site of horseracing in America still in operation, after Freehold Raceway and the Saratoga Race Course.
In 2009, the Horseplayers Association of North America introduced a rating system for 65 Thoroughbred racetracks in North America. Of the top Fifteen, New Orleans Fair Grounds was ranked #12, behind Evangeline Downs in Opelousas, Louisiana, which was ranked #6.
Sometimes referred to as the "New Orleans Fair Grounds", the track was initially opened as the "Union Race Course" in 1852. The track closed in 1857 due to competition from the Metairie Course. In 1859 the track was renamed the "Creole Race Course." In 1863, the name was changed again to the "Fair Grounds" and racing was conducted during the Civil War.
The track then closed when the Metairie Course reopened after the war. In 1871, the younger members of the Metairie Jockey Club broke away to form the Louisiana Jockey Club and begin holding meets at the Fair Grounds. In 1872 the first race card is held at the Fair Grounds under the auspices of the Louisiana Jockey Club.
In 1907, Colonel Matt Winn arrived in New Orleans to establish racing dates and deal with other matters in the Louisiana horse industry. In 1908, racing was banned in New Orleans but returned in 1915. In 1919 a fire burned down the grandstand but the track was still able to conduct a race meeting.
In 1921, an auto race was held at the track, the only car race at the fairgrounds.
In 1940, legislative sanction was given to racing in Louisiana.The track was then sold to developers for construction of a subdivision. In 1941, a group of investors saved Fair Grounds from destruction. The track resumed racing after World War II.
The Fair Grounds Racing Hall of Fame was established in 1971. 
In 1981 a turf course was installed. In 1990 the track was sold to the Krantz family. In 1993, the grandstand was completely destroyed by a seven alarm fire and racing continued with temporary facilities in place for a couple of years. A new $27 million construction project began in 1994 and the completed grandstand/clubhouse was opened to the public on Thanksgiving Day 1997. The track was purchased by Churchill Downs Incorporated in 2004. Fair Grounds was heavily damaged in Hurricane Katrina, and was closed for over a year, until re-opening on Thanksgiving Day 2006. The track conducted a 37-day meet at Louisiana Downs in replacement of the scheduled 2005-2006 meet.
Both the great race mare Pan Zareta and the winner of the 1924 Kentucky Derby, Black Gold are buried in the infield. It's also here that Tippity Witchet, the beloved son of Broomstick, ran many of his 266 races.
The track consists of a one mile (1.6 km) dirt track and a seven furlong turf oval. In addition to the grandstand and clubhouse, an adjacent building, formerly used for simulcasting, opened on September 21, 2007 as a temporary slot-machine gaming facility. On November 14, 2008, the new slot-machine facility opened for operation.
- Donna Barton Brothers (1999–2002)
- Vince Marinello (1990–2005)
- Mike Diliberto (1990–2005)
- Jessica Pacheco (2006–2010)
- John G. Dooley (2004–present)
- Rick Mocklin (2009 fill-in)
- Katie Mikolay (2010-2013)
- Brian W. Spencer (2013–present)
- Colonel E.R. Bradley Handicap
- Lecomte Stakes
- Fair Grounds Handicap
- Mineshaft Handicap
- Rachel Alexandra Stakes
- Risen Star Stakes
Also on the card are several important ungraded races including:
- Bayou Handicap
- Black Gold Stakes
- Bonapaw Stakes
- Crescent City Derby
- Crescent City Oaks
- Dixie Poker Ace Stakes
- Duncan F. Kenner Stakes
- Louisiana Champions Day Classic
- Louisiana Champions Day Juvenile Stakes
- Louisiana Champions Day Ladies Stakes
- Louisiana Champions Day Ladies Sprint Stakes
- Louisiana Handicap
- Marie G. Krantz Memorial Handicap
- Pan Zareta Stakes
- Sugar Bowl Stakes
- Tenacious Stakes
The Fair Grounds is also the location of the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival, held each year over a pair of three-day weekends - the last weekend in April and the first weekend in May.