Fair Lawn, New Jersey

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Fair Lawn, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Fair Lawn
Radburn Plaza
Radburn Plaza
Motto: "A great place to visit and a better place to live."
Map highlighting Fair Lawn's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Map highlighting Fair Lawn's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Fair Lawn, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Fair Lawn, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°56′09″N 74°07′03″W / 40.935833°N 74.117504°W / 40.935833; -74.117504Coordinates: 40°56′09″N 74°07′03″W / 40.935833°N 74.117504°W / 40.935833; -74.117504[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Bergen
Incorporated March 6, 1924
Government[6]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Council-Manager)
 • Mayor John Cosgrove (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Manager Jim Van Kruiningen[4]
 • Clerk Joanne M. Kwasniewski[5]
Area[2][7]
 • Total 5.201 sq mi (13.472 km2)
 • Land 5.139 sq mi (13.311 km2)
 • Water 0.062 sq mi (0.161 km2)  1.20%
Area rank 270th of 566 in state
11th of 70 in county[2]
Elevation[8] 69 ft (21 m)
Population (2010 Census)[9][10][11]
 • Total 32,457
 • Estimate (2013)[12] 32,998
 • Rank 69th of 566 in state
4th of 70 in county[13]
 • Density 6,315.4/sq mi (2,438.4/km2)
 • Density rank 77th of 566 in state
22nd of 70 in county[13]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07410[14][15]
Area code(s) 201 exchanges: 398, 475, 703, 791, 794, 796, 797[16]
FIPS code 3400322470[17][2][18]
GNIS feature ID 0885214[19][2]
Website www.fairlawn.org

Fair Lawn is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States, and a suburban municipality in the New York City Metropolitan Area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 32,457,[9][10][11][20] reflecting an increase of 820 (+2.6%) from the 31,637 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,089 (+3.6%) from the 30,548 counted in the 1990 Census.[21]

Fair Lawn was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 6, 1924, as "Fairlawn," from portions of Saddle River Township.[22] The name was taken from Fairlawn, David Acker's estate home, that was built in 1865 and later became the Fair Lawn Municipal Building.[23] In 1933, the official spelling of the borough's name was split into its present two-word form as "Fair Lawn" Borough.[22]

Radburn, one of the first planned communities in the United States, is an unincorporated community located within Fair Lawn and was founded in 1929 as "a town for the motor age."[24] Fair Lawn is home to a large number of commuters to New York City, to which it is connected by train from two railroad stations on New Jersey Transit's Bergen County Line.

Fair Lawn's motto is "A great place to visit and a better place to live."[25] Fair Lawn has been rated as one of the top 10 best cities to live in New Jersey.[26] According to Nerdwallet, Fair Lawn witnessed a 5.3% increase in its working-age population between 2009 and 2011.[25]

History[edit]

In its earliest days (and as late as 1791), Fair Lawn was known as Slooterdam: a Dutch word denoting a Native American weir used to trap fish on the Passaic River. Just north of the weir is a short stretch of Fair Lawn's Wagaraw Road, named for the Lenape term meaning "crooked place" or "river bend."[27] Fair Lawn was named after the estate (or villa) built in 1865 by David Acker, a prosperous New York merchant, which he named "Fair Lawn."[28] The home, which faced what is now Fair Lawn Avenue stood on a hill with a sweeping lawn, it was later turned into the borough's municipal building, but was eventually torn down. The Fair Lawn Senior Center and Public Library now occupy the site of the estate. Until its development as a bedroom community, the land on which Fair Lawn sits had been farms of Dutch settlers and their descendants.

Geography[edit]

Fair Lawn is located at 40°56′09″N 74°07′03″W / 40.935833°N 74.117504°W / 40.935833; -74.117504 (40.935833,-74.117504). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 5.201 square miles (13.472 km2), of which, 5.139 square miles (13.311 km2) of it was land and 0.062 square miles (0.161 km2) of it (1.20%) was water.[1][2] Its borders are: with Paterson (in Passaic County, across the Passaic River) to the West; with Hawthorne across Lincoln Avenue to the West; with Glen Rock across Harristown Road, Maple Avenue, the Northern border of the Nabisco plant and its extension north of Garwood Road and Naugle Drive to the North; with Ridgewood across the Saddle River to the Northeast; with Paramus across the Saddle River to the East; with Rochelle Park across another point in the Saddle River to the Southeast; with Saddle Brook across the two longer portions of S. Broadway and their extensions through Rosario Court to the South; and with Elmwood Park across the Bergen County Line, New Jersey Route 4 (Broadway), Cyril Avenue, and Willow St. to the South.

The hills of Wyckoff are visible from much of the northern portion of Fair Lawn.

Neighborhoods[edit]

Fair Lawn is an incorporated collection of diverse neighborhoods, each with its own distinct character and vibe:

  • The Heights, more precisely known as "Columbia Heights", is located near Hawthorne's industrial section along the Passaic River on Wagaraw Road and Hawthorne's residential area at Lincoln Avenue as well as bordering Bunker Hill in Paterson. This well-maintained neighborhood houses some local industry outside of McBride (the industrial park at the border with Glen Rock) and is known by some of its residents as the "Bunker Hill Extension" or the "Walsh Area".
  • Radburn is a planned community also housing the landmark Radburn Plaza building, which was destroyed in a fire in 2002 and subsequently rebuilt. With its safe and easy access to local businesses and schools, and Fair Lawn's largest U.S. Postal Service branch, this neighborhood also offers commuter trains from Radburn Station to the Secaucus Junction rail transfer station as well as to the PATH train in Hoboken, both of which provide rail connections to New York City. This neighborhood includes Radburn Elementary School and Daly Field. An annual street fair is held in June here.
  • Warren Point, a residential area located near the Broadway Improvement District. Bordering Saddle Brook and Elmwood Park, it has many stores, big and small, and many eateries. The neighborhood also offers the Broadway District train to Hoboken's PATH and to Secaucus Junction via the Bergen Line, as well as the "Paterson-New York Shuttle". Warren Point Elementary School and the private St. Anne School are located in this neighborhood.
  • Radrock Estates is a neighborhood located off of Fair Lawn Avenue in between Radburn and the area referred to as "Dunkerhook", sharing the border with Glen Rock, hence the derived term "Radrock". Although considered by many locals to be a sub-section of the Radburn District, it is the only neighborhood in Fair Lawn to have its own personalized entrance pillars displaying its name. Although it is a very diverse residential section, this neighborhood shares the conveniences of living in Radburn including dining, retail access, as well as rail access from Radburn Station.
  • The River Road Improvement District, with an annual street fair in autumn, houses many functional businesses, including numerous banks, ethnic restaurants and supermarkets, small offices, retail telecommunications outlets, both a United Parcel Service store and a U.S. Post Office branch, and the landmark Joker's Child comic book store. River Road in this district is also zoned for apartments to be located above businesses.
  • Memorial Park, a working class neighborhood (sometimes called the "River Dip") within and around the River Road Improvement District with street addresses aligned with the corner of 33rd Street and Martin Luther King Way (Broadway) in neighboring Paterson. The Memorial Park neighborhood borders the Passaic River and contains the park next to Memorial Middle School named Memorial Park, the terminus of the annual Memorial Day parade and the site of the Memorial pool and beach as well as the Independence Day fireworks show. Gentrification is occurring with the leveling of two-family rental housing for more modern single-family housing in this area.
  • Lyncrest neighborhood, located south of Morlot Avenue, in alignment with Paterson's 33rd Street split into that city's Upper Eastside and Eastside neighborhoods, is an extension of the Eastside and notable for its older, stone houses in the footsteps of homes once owned by Paterson's former silk barons. This community is also diverse, receiving immigrants from Europe, Asia, the Middle East, as well as various parts of the Americas. It is home to many Orthodox Jewish, Indian American, and Russian American families, among other ethnic and religious groups. Lyncrest streets "1st-6th" are also known by the name of "Rivercrest" by locals, due to the split level and Cape Cod-style architecture of housing located in the "River Dip" adjacent to Memorial Park. Lyncrest Elementary School is located in this neighborhood.
  • Berdan Grove, an affluent residential neighborhood of single-family homes behind Thomas Jefferson Middle School, surrounding Berdan Grove Park on Berdan Avenue. This neighborhood is home to the borough's highest concentration of Asian Americans and includes Milnes Elementary School.
  • The neighborhood stretching along both sides of Saddle River Road in Fair Lawn is not officially named but has its own character as another affluent enclave. This neighborhood includes a portion of the Saddle River, Saddle River County Park, and Fair Lawn's eastern border with Paramus. The whole area is referred to by many as the "Saddle River District". Due to obvious differences throughout this side, there are sections that are identified by locals including the "Dunkerhook section" (named after the section of the County Park located in the vicinity) starting at around the shared border with Glen Rock and Paramus down to Morlot Avenue. In the spring, summer, and autumn, fishermen frequent this section, as the Saddle River within Dunkerhook is stocked with trout. The neighborhood south of Morlot Avenue is referred to as the "Saddle River section", which borders Saddle Brook in addition to Paramus, and which shares access to the Saddle River as well as having bike trails for leisure or to access the Westfield Garden State Plaza mall in Paramus.
  • Hendersonville, also referred to as "Riverside East". This diverse neighborhood, located between Columbia Heights and the Municipal Complex within the "Westmoreland District", as well as sharing Route 208 with the neighboring borough of Glen Rock, is a mostly residential community of two-family Cape Cod-style houses located down the stretch of Henderson Boulevard curving around to 11th Street. Distinct to this neighborhood in comparison with other two-family districts and sections is that each Cape Cod has two doors in the front so each residing family has its own entrance into its respective quarters, a blueprint that was abandoned shortly after being built in favor of a "one door, two entrances" model. Westmoreland Elementary School is located in this neighborhood.
  • Central Fair Lawn is bounded by Morlot and Fair Lawn Avenues on the south and north, respectively, by River Road on the west, and Route 208 on the east and northeast. The borough's Municipal Complex, which houses its administrative, legal, financial, and police divisions, is located in this neighborhood, as are the Fair Lawn Public Library, Fair Lawn High School, and John A. Forrest Elementary School.

There also exist more intricate micro-neighborhoods within macro-neighborhoods throughout the borough, such as "Fair Lawn Commons" (The Commons) off Route 208, located within the Radburn Historical District, yet which has a separate, more affluent feel and modern look and subculture; Radburn's El Dorado Village, which is known for its Eastern European immigrant residents; and just to its west, the "Chandler Houses". Fair Lawn's newest neighborhood is Fair Lawn Promenade (The Promenade), a highly engaged mixed-use development extending northward from The Commons along Highway 208 North, consisting of apartments, shops, offices, and restaurants, with the motto to be able to "live, shop, work, and play" in one locale.

These distinct communities are located throughout the borough, and each has its own flair, making Fair Lawn not just ethnically, racially, and religiously diverse, but also an experientially diverse borough notable as such even amidst Bergen County's diversity on a larger scale.

Ethnic diversity[edit]

Fair Lawn has a longstanding tradition of ethnic diversity and tolerance for people of different ethnicities and religious faiths. Continuing steady immigration from Eurasia, Asia, Europe, and Latin America has transformed Fair Lawn into an international melting pot, and over 50 languages and dialects are spoken in the borough.

History of ethnic diversity[edit]

Fair Lawn has been a noted center for Jewish culture over a period spanning several decades. Since the early 2000s, the Orthodox Jewish population has been increasing significantly in Fair Lawn and has replaced the earlier decreases in members of the non-Orthodox Jewish sects. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russian Jews began to migrate to Fair Lawn.[29] Fair Lawn's Jewish American population has therefore maintained an at least one-third presence overall for several decades. Russian Jews were then followed by Russian Orthodox Christians to Fair Lawn. Over 10% of the borough's population is of Russian descent, the highest of any community in New Jersey. In fact, the size of Fair Lawn's Russian American presence prompted an April Fool's satire titled, "Putin Moves Against Fair Lawn".[30] Fair Lawn also has the largest Israeli American community in Bergen County.[31]

Fair Lawn has historically also had a large Italian American population, 19.7% in 2000,[32] but this number is decreasing as the descendants of the original Italian immigrants are being displaced by immigrants to Fair Lawn from around the globe.

Newer immigrants[edit]

Fair Lawn as a magnet for immigrants[edit]

Fair Lawn's reputable school district, safe and well-policed neighborhoods, and the borough's convenient access to commercial centers and hospitals, a complex network of highways, transit lines, New York City, and Newark Liberty International Airport, have all made Fair Lawn a magnet for new immigrants from several regions around the world. The 2012 American Community Survey conducted by the Census Bureau showed a significant increase in the Asian American population in Fair Lawn, including the Asian Indian, Filipino American, Chinese American, Korean American, and Vietnamese American populations,[33] and the Polish American population is also growing briskly. The public library in Fair Lawn holds storytelling programs in Hindi (हिन्दी) and Hebrew (עִבְרִית) languages,[34] while Mandarin Chinese (官話) is being taught in the school district.

A number of places for congregation cater to different nationalities in Fair Lawn, including three Korean (한국어) churches, one Taiwanese (台灣) church, Young Israel of Fair Lawn, Saint Leon Armenian Church, and the (Italian American) Cosmos Club of Fair Lawn.

Immigrants from other previous U.S.S.R. countries[edit]

Given the established presence of Russian Americans in the borough, immigrant nationalities native to previous other Soviet Republics,[35] including Ukrainian Americans, Georgian Americans, Armenian Americans,[36][37] and Uzbek Americans have also established an increasing presence in Fair Lawn.

Influence of Paterson[edit]

The international ethnic melange that describes Paterson, Fair Lawn's western neighbor, has now permeated Fair Lawn itself. Muslim immigrants, including Albanian Americans and Macedonian Americans, as well as Latino Americans, including Peruvian Americans and Puerto Rican Americans, have settled in Fair Lawn's western flank, in the Memorial Park neighborhood between the River Road Improvement District and the Passaic River, where there is also a small but stable African American minority.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 756
1910 1,178 55.8%
1920 2,026 72.0%
1930 5,990 195.7%
1940 9,107 52.0%
1950 23,885 162.3%
1960 36,421 52.5%
1970 37,975 4.3%
1980 32,229 −15.1%
1990 30,548 −5.2%
2000 31,637 3.6%
2010 32,457 2.6%
Est. 2013 32,998 [12] 1.7%
Population sources:
1930[38] 1900-2010[39][40][41]
2000[42][32] 2010[9][10][11]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 32,457 people, 11,930 households, and 8,971 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,315.4 per square mile (2,438.4 /km2). There were 12,266 housing units at an average density of 2,386.7 per square mile (921.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 84.36% (27,380) White, 1.75% (567) Black or African American, 0.06% (20) Native American, 9.72% (3,154) Asian, 0.00% (1) Pacific Islander, 2.35% (762) from other races, and 1.77% (573) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 10.15% (3,296) of the population.[9]

There were 11,930 households, of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.7% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.17.[9]

In the borough, 22.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 30.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.1 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $92,727 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,701) and the median family income was $112,650 (+/- $5,760). Males had a median income of $70,990 (+/- $3,246) versus $54,358 (+/- $2,815) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $40,146 (+/- $1,700). About 2.1% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.[43]

Same-sex couples headed 64 households in 2010, an increase from the 49 counted in 2000.[44]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 31,637 people, 11,806 households, and 8,901 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,121.0 people per square mile (2,362.7/km2). There were 12,006 housing units at an average density of 2,322.9 per square mile (896.6/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 91.54% Caucasian, 4.92% Asian, 0.74% Black or African American, 0.04% Native American, 1.37% from other races, and 1.38% reporting two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.51% of the population.[42][32]

There were 11,806 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.5% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.6% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.12.[42][32]

In the borough the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.[42][32]

The median income for a household in the borough was $72,127, and the median income for a family was $81,220. Males had a median income of $56,798 versus $41,300 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $32,273. About 2.6% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.[42][32]

Education[edit]

The Fair Lawn Public Schools serve students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's nine schools had an enrollment of 4,586 students and 368.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.44:1.[45] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics.[46]) are six K-5 elementary schools — John A. Forrest Elementary School[47] (278 students), Lyncrest Elementary School[48] (221), Henry B. Milnes Elementary School[49] (377), Radburn Elementary School[50] (349), Warren Point Elementary School[51] (430) and Westmoreland Elementary School[52] (264) — both Memorial Middle School[53] (469) and Thomas Jefferson Middle School[54] (676) for grades 6-8, along with Fair Lawn High School[55] (1,522) for grades 9-12.[56][57]

Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.[58][59]

St. Anne School is a Catholic elementary school that operates under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.[60]

Emergency services[edit]

Fair Lawn has an all-volunteer fire department.[61] The department has four stations, with Company 1 on George Street,[62] Company 2 at Route 208 South (before Maple Avenue Bridge), Company 3 located at Corner Plaza Road / Rosalie Street[63] and Company 4 on Radburn Road.[64] Fair Lawn residents are served by the all volunteer Fair Lawn Volunteer Ambulance, Inc., which provides 24/7 emergency medical services. This service is equipped with four state of the art ambulances stocked with all necessary supplies to handle any medical emergencies.link title Fair Lawn is also served by the all-volunteer Fair Lawn Rescue Squad. The squad provides heavy rescue and hazardous materials (HAZMAT) services to the residents and businesses of the borough.[65]

Business and industry[edit]

Businesses in Fair Lawn include a Nabisco / Mondelez International cookie bakery, which is the borough's largest employer and taxpayer.[66]

U.S. Technologies, a multi-faceted, high-precision electronics corporation, is headquartered in Fair Lawn.[67]

Columbia Bank (New Jersey), the fourth largest mutual financial institution in the United States, and the largest mutual bank domiciled within the State of New Jersey, is also headquartered in Fair Lawn.[68]

Thermal energy storage company CALMAC of Fair Lawn had performed about 4,000 commercial air-cooling installations in 37 countries by 2014.[69]

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

Fair Lawn is interwoven by a robust network of roads. As of 2010, the borough had a total of 99.60 miles (160.29 km) of roadways, of which 84.00 miles (135.18 km) were maintained by the municipality, 11.13 miles (17.91 km) by Bergen County and 4.47 miles (7.19 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[70]

Fair Lawn is traversed by two state highways, New Jersey Route 4, which connects Fair Lawn to New York City via the George Washington Bridge, and New Jersey Route 208, which links Fair Lawn to the New York City bypass highway Interstate 287.

Fair Lawn has several main roads crossing through it forming a rough 3x3 grid. Running north-south are Saddle River Road, Plaza Road, and River Road (County Route 507)[71] while Broadway, Morlot Avenue, and Fair Lawn Avenue run east-west, and Route 208 runs northwest-southeast. Running east-west between and parallel to Morlot and Fair Lawn Avenues is Berdan Avenue, a residential thoroughfare which is bisected by Route 208 into two discontinuous segments, the western one of which contains Fair Lawn High School.

Broadway becomes Route 4 in Elmwood Park to the west and eventually Dr. Martin Luther King Boulevard in Paterson. To the East, it becomes Route 4 heading into Paramus and is less than 10 miles (16 km) from the George Washington Bridge.[72]

Fair Lawn Avenue is considered the borough's main street, containing its Borough Hall, Police Station, and Public Library. The road goes west over the Passaic River into Paterson, and on the east, Fair Lawn Avenue ends at Saddle River Road and becomes Century Road, which heads into Paramus. The intersection of Fair Lawn Avenue and Plaza Road form what could be considered a "town center", with several shopping plazas and the Radburn train station all within walking distance. Other commercial areas include Broadway and River Road.

Route 208 has its southern terminus in Fair Lawn and bisects the borough from the northwest to the southeast, where it eventually merges with Broadway to become Route 4 not far from Paramus. Taken the other direction, Route 208 flows northwest to Interstate 287 in Oakland.[73] Numerous commercial establishments and office buildings line Route 208 along the northwestern half of this limited access highway's trajectory through Fair Lawn.

South of Route 4, Saddle River Road goes through the eastern side of Fair Lawn and into Saddle Brook, where it provides a link to both the Garden State Parkway and Interstate 80. North of Route 4, Saddle River Road provides a link to Glen Rock.

On the opposite side of the Passaic River, separating Fair Lawn from Paterson, Route 20 southbound becomes Route 21.

Fair Lawn uses a street address numbering system in which most Fair Lawn addresses are given hyphenated numbers, such as 10-13 Some Street. This numbering system is also used in Queens, New York City. Exceptions to this numbering system generally exist on the Glen Rock, Hawthorne, and Saddle Brook sides of Fair Lawn and within the Radburn development. The first numbers (before the dash) correspond to block-distances from Broadway (on streets that run North-South) and to the numbered streets in the borough (example: 2nd Street, 17th Street, etc.) on the streets that run East-West; with the highest numbers being in the low 40s, and the lowest numbers being 0-30, etc.

Public transportation[edit]

Fair Lawn is served by the Radburn[74] and Broadway[75] train stations on the New Jersey Transit Bergen County Line, which offers service to Lower Manhattan via the Hoboken Terminal, and connections at Secaucus Junction to Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan and to most other New Jersey Transit train lines.[76]

New Jersey Transit buses include the 144, 145, 148, 160, 164 and 196 routes to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan; the 171 and 175 to the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal; and the 746, 758 and 770 lines, offering local service.[77]

Aviation[edit]

Fair Lawn lies 20 miles (32 km) north of Newark Liberty International Airport, approaches to which are directly over Fair Lawn, and 8 miles (13 km) northwest of Teterboro Airport.

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Fair Lawn operates within the Faulkner Act (formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law) under the Council-Manager plan E form of New Jersey municipal government by a five-member Borough Council, as implemented as of January 1, 1986, based on direct petition.[78] Members of the Borough Council serve four-year terms in office and are elected in partisan elections in odd-numbered years on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election every other year as part of the November general election. All policy making power is concentrated in the council. At an annual reorganization meeting held after each election, the council selects a Mayor, a Deputy Mayor, and a deputy mayor for Community Affairs from among its members. The mayor presides over its meetings with no separate policy-making power. The manager is appointed by the council to serve as the municipal chief executive and administrative official.[6][79]

As of 2014, the members of the Borough Council are Mayor John Cosgrove (R, term on council ends December 31, 2015), Deputy Mayor Amy Lefkowitz (R, 2017), Deputy Mayor of Community Affairs Daniel Dunay (R, 2017), Kurt Peluso (D, 2015) and Lisa Swain (D, 2015).[80][81][82][83][84][85]

Standard Borough Council meetings, Government-access television (GATV), are televised on local cable TV when held in the Council chambers in the Fair Lawn Municipal Building. Work sessions, where laws are discussed and prepared for adoption, are not usually televised.

Boards and commissions[edit]

Fair Lawn's government extends beyond the Council and departments in the form of the following boards and commissions, which are generally staffed by volunteers appointed by the Mayor and Council:[86]

  • Alliance for Substance Abuse Prevention[87]
  • American with Disabilities Advisory Committee[88]
  • Arts Council[89]
  • Broadway Special Improvement District[90]
  • Cadmus House Museum[91]
  • Environmental Commission[92]
  • Garden Committee[93]
  • Green Team Advisory Committee[94]
  • Historic Preservation Commission[95]
  • Open Space Committee[96]
  • Planning Board[97]
  • Property Maintenance[98]
  • Rent Leveling Board[99]
  • River Road Improvement Corporation[100]
  • Shade Tree Advisory Committee[101]
  • Zoning Board[102]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Fair Lawn is located in the 5th Congressional District[103] and is part of New Jersey's 38th state legislative district.[10][104][105] Prior to the 2010 Census, Fair Lawn had been part of the 9th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[106]

New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Scott Garrett (R, Wantage Township).[107] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[108][109] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[110][111]

The 38th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Robert M. Gordon (D, Fair Lawn) and in the General Assembly by Tim Eustace (D, Maywood) and Joseph Lagana (D, Paramus).[112][113] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[114] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[115]

Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders.[116] The County Executive is Kathleen Donovan (R, Rutherford; term ends December 31, 2014).[117] The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January.[118] As of 2014, Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairman David L. Ganz (D, 2014; Fair Lawn),[119] Vice Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2014; Fort Lee),[120] Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2016; River Edge),[121] Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2016; Franklin Lakes),[122] Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington)[123] James J. Tedesco, III (D, 2015; Paramus)[124] and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes).[125][126] Countywide constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale),[127] Sheriff Michael Saudino (R),[128] Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill)[129][130][116]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 20,302 registered voters in Fair Lawn, of which 7,150 (35.2% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 3,613 (17.8% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 9,528 (46.9% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 11 voters registered to other parties.[131] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 62.6% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 80.2% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).[131][132]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 8,374 votes here (54.1% vs. 54.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 6,815 votes (44.0% vs. 43.5%) and other candidates with 188 votes (1.2% vs. 0.9%), among the 15,473 ballots cast by the borough's 21,563 registered voters, for a turnout of 71.8% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County).[133][134] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 8,834 votes here (53.2% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 7,464 votes (45.0% vs. 44.5%) and other candidates with 147 votes (0.9% vs. 0.8%), among the 16,595 ballots cast by the borough's 21,378 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.6% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County).[135][136] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 8,745 votes here (54.3% vs. 51.7% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 7,177 votes (44.6% vs. 47.2%) and other candidates with 118 votes (0.7% vs. 0.7%), among the 16,102 ballots cast by the borough's 20,372 registered voters, for a turnout of 79.0% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).[137]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 5,503 ballots cast (51.1% vs. 48.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 4,590 votes (42.6% vs. 45.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 521 votes (4.8% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 71 votes (0.7% vs. 0.5%), among the 10,763 ballots cast by the borough's 20,714 registered voters, yielding a 52.0% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).[138]

Sports[edit]

Fair Lawn has one of the original organized street hockey/DekHockey programs in the state. The Fair Lawn Flyers competed in the first national street hockey championships in 1976 in Leominster, Massachusetts.[139]

Popular culture[edit]

  • In the 1976 film Taxi Driver, when Travis Bickle (Robert De Niro) is talking to a Secret Service agent, he provides a false name (Henry Krinkle), and a false address (154 Hopper Avenue, Fair Lawn, New Jersey). There is a Hopper Avenue in Fair Lawn, but 154 Hopper Avenue does not exist, and the ZIP code he provides is also incorrect (61045, which is actually in Kings, Illinois).[140]
  • In the 1996 Mel Gibson movie Ransom, Fair Lawn is seen when Gibson is told to turn from Route 4 onto Saddle River Road (Fair Lawn) and into the rock quarry (which is actually located in Haledon, New Jersey).[141]
  • In the 2004 movie Taxi, Fair Lawn can be seen on the map that Detective Washburn (Jimmy Fallon) is reading. The map is fake, since it shows a fictional uncompleted highway off the Garden State Parkway in Oradell.
  • At the beginning of the "Pine Barrens" episode of the television series The Sopranos, Mob boss Tony Soprano tells Paulie Walnuts and protege Christopher Moltisanti to visit a Russian mobster, Valery, in Fair Lawn. However, this scene was shot in Paterson.[citation needed] A scene in the episode "The Happy Wanderer" was filmed in front of the historic Radburn Building.[citation needed]
  • Fair Lawn was featured in the movie The Other Guys starring Will Ferrell and Mark Wahlberg. The two main characters travel to Fair Lawn, New Jersey to get accounting files.[142]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Fair Lawn include:

Historic sites[edit]

A significant historic site in Fair Lawn is the Passaic River Fishing Weir, a prominent archaeological feature just north of the Fair Lawn Avenue Bridge. It was constructed by Lenape tribal members and is the best-preserved of several such weirs on the Passaic River.[169]

Fair Lawn is home to the following locations on the National Register of Historic Places:[170]

  • G. V. H. Berdan House - 1219 River Road (added 1983)
  • Richard J. Berdan House - 24-07 Fair Lawn Avenue (added 1983)
  • Cadmus-Folly House - 19-21 Fair Lawn Avenue (added 1983)
  • Peter Garretson House - 4-02 River Road (added 1974): With a homestead that dates back to 1719, the sandstone house is one of the oldest surviving structures in Bergen County. The Garretson Forge and Farm Restoration operates the site, owned by the county, as a farm museum.[171]
  • Naugle House - 42-49 Dunkerhook Road (added 1983): Constructed in 1776, the home was visited by the Marquis de Lafayette. The site was purchased by the borough in 2010 for $1.7 million, and a plan has been formulated to repair the home and preserve the grounds as open space.[172][173]
  • Radburn - Irregular pattern between Radburn Road and Erie RR. tracks (added 1975)[174]
  • Radburn Station - Pollitt Drive (added 1984)
  • Jacob Vanderbeck, Jr., House - 41-25 Dunkerhook Road (added 1983): Constructed in Dutch stone by Jacob Vanderbeck in the 1750s, the house has had a number of prominent owners, including Fair Lawn mayor and Assemblyman Richard Vander Plaat. Owned by a developer who has sought to use the site to construct a large-scale assisted-living facility,[175] the houses has been listed on preservation New Jersey's 2013 list of the 10 Most Endangered Historic Places in New Jersey.[176]

Fair Lawn also has a close association with two historic areas along the Saddle River in Paramus. One is the Easton Tower, a Bergen County historic site that consists of a stone tower and a small dam which mark the site of the colonial-era Jacob Zabriskie mill and the 19th-20th centuries-era Arcola community park. Another is the Dunkerhook community, focused around the New Jersey designated historic road, Dunkerhook Road. The western section of the community includes the Naugle House and the Jacob Vanderbeck, Jr. House, and the eastern section included a slave and free-African American community that consisted of a school, a cemetery, a church, and houses including the now-demolished Zabriskie Tenant House.

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  156. ^ "New Picture", Time (magazine), March 30, 1959. Accessed January 2, 2014. "His choice was an 18-year-old model from Fair Lawn, N.J. named Millie Perkins."
  157. ^ Finch, Frank. "Sluggers Benched, So Dodgers Jar Mets 9-2", Los Angeles Times, June 7, 1964. Accessed January 2, 2014. "Several thousand fans from Fair Lawn, NJ, were on hand to honor their most celebrated citizen, Ron Perranoski."
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  159. ^ Thompson, Toby. "Billy Price: East Coast Blue-Eyed Soul Man", copy of article from The Penn Stater at billyprice.com, January / February 2000. Accessed April 23, 2008. "Forget Billy Price from Pittsburgh's rock cauldron. Meet William Pollak '71, '79, Liberal Arts, from Fair Lawn."
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  161. ^ Argetsinger, Amy; and Roberts, Roxanne. "'Leaner and Meaner' Rove Has Less Weight to Throw Around", The Washington Post, August 30, 2006. Accessed March 29, 2011. "Matched: Rep. Steve Rothman (D-N.J.), 53, who got teased when gossip columns and his hometown paper discovered his online personal ad two years ago (brown-eyed Libra, enjoys swimming, wine and jazz), had the last laugh Aug. 18 when he married Jennifer Anne Beckenstein , 48 -- a food bank publicist whom he met through Jdate.com -- in Nyack, N.Y. The two will honeymoon later in the year, his office said; for now, they're busy combining their five teens into one household in Fair Lawn, N.J."
  162. ^ Rohan, Virginia. "Fair Lawn's Charlie Schlatter on his new TV project", The Record (Bergen County), February 12, 2010. Accessed February 7, 2011.
  163. ^ via Associated Press. "Sime Has Great Day, Breaks World Record", The Miami News, May 6, 1956. Accessed August 31, 2011. "The 190-pound Fair Lawn, N.J., sophomore, a hot prospect for the U.S. Olympic team, won the 100-yard dash in 9.4, his sixth such performance this year."
  164. ^ Bloom, Nate. "Noshes: Worth Checking Out", The Jewish Standard, June 29, 2007. "Spektor, 27, is far better known... She went to middle school yeshiva in New York and, for her first two years in high school, she went to the Frisch School in Paramus. She graduated from Fair Lawn High School."
  165. ^ Brendan Suhr, UCF Knights men's basketball. Accessed November 5, 2013. "A native of Fair Lawn, N.J., Suhr began his coaching career on the college level as an assistant at Detroit, before moving to Fairfield."
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  168. ^ Preis, Nechama. "Close-up: Rabbi Benjamin Yudin; An 'outreach pro' -- who shuns the very term -- finds multiple ways to extend a warm hand of welcome.", Jewish Action, Spring 5758/1998 Vol. 58 No. 3. Accessed November 5, 2013. "In 1969, when Rabbi Yudin - then newly ordained by Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary -- moved with his wife, Shevi, to Fair Lawn for his first rabbinical position, his congregation had a mere 30 members."
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  171. ^ History, Garretson Forge and Farm. Accessed October 11, 2013.
  172. ^ Staff. "The Record: Preserving history", The Record (Bergen County), August 1, 2013. Accessed November 5, 2013. "Fair Lawn bought the 1776 Naugle House three years ago, snatching it from the jaws of a developer with plans to build town homes on the property. Not only was the house saved, but so were the grounds, keeping precious open space open."
  173. ^ Sudol, Karen. "Fate of Fair Lawn historic homes becomes clearer", The Record (Bergen County), July 29, 2013. Accessed November 5, 2013. "Fair Lawn bought the house in 2010 for $1.7 million using municipal and county open space funds. The cost to develop the restoration plan — not the actual work on the house — was $38,500, funded through a county grant matched by the borough.... The house, which dates to 1776 and is listed on the national and state historic place registers, is said to have been the home of a paymaster for the Continental Army and to have once hosted the Marquis de Lafayette, the French nobleman who fought with the Continental Army."
  174. ^ Radburn - National Historic Landmark Nomination form, National Park Service. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  175. ^ Diduch, Mary. "Fate of old Fair Lawn house rests with proposal for senior complex", The Record (Bergen County), May 27, 2014. Accessed September 16, 2014. "The zoning board is poised Thursday to hear an application to build an assisted-living facility on a three-acre parcel where an 18th-century historic structure sits.The preservation of the Jacob Vanderbeck Jr. house on Dunkerhook Road has been an issue in the borough for years, and now the historic commission there is looking to negotiate with the developer to possibly have the home moved so it can be preserved."
  176. ^ 10 Most Endangered Historic Places in New Jersey 2013: Jacob Vanderbeck Jr. House, Preservation New Jersey. Accessed October 11, 2013.

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