|Town of Fairfax|
|— City —|
|Marin County and the state of California|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• Town Council||Pam Hartwell-Herrero (Mayor)
John Reed (Vice-Mayor)
|• County Board||District 2
|• Town Manager||Judy Anderson|
|• Representation||Sen. Mark Leno (D)
Asm. Marc Levine (D)
Rep. Jared Huffman (D)
|• Total||2.204 sq mi (5.707 km2)|
|• Land||2.204 sq mi (5.707 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||115 ft (35 m)|
|• Density||3,400/sq mi ( 1,300/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP codes||94930, 94978|
|GNIS feature ID||0277511|
Fairfax is an incorporated town in Marin County, California, United States. Fairfax is located 3.25 miles (5.2 km) west-northwest of San Rafael, at an elevation of 115 feet (35 m). The population is 7,520 at the 2011 census. Fairfax is the only town in America that holds a Green Party majority in the town council.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2), all of it land.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Fairfax had a population of 7,441. The population density was 3,376.9 people per square mile (1,303.8/km²). The racial makeup of Fairfax was 6,617 (88.9%) White, 110 (1.5%) African American, 36 (0.5%) Native American, 204 (2.7%) Asian, 4 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 174 (2.3%) from other races, and 296 (4.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 504 persons (6.8%).
The Census reported that 7,419 people (99.7% of the population) lived in households, 12 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 10 (0.1%) were institutionalized.
There were 3,379 households, out of which 939 (27.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,422 (42.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 319 (9.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 134 (4.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 267 (7.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 52 (1.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,076 households (31.8%) were made up of individuals and 320 (9.5%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20. There were 1,875 families (55.5% of all households); the average family size was 2.77.
The population was spread out with 1,436 people (19.3%) under the age of 18, 342 people (4.6%) aged 18 to 24, 1,806 people (24.3%) aged 25 to 44, 2,907 people (39.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 950 people (12.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.9 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males.
There were 3,585 housing units at an average density of 1,626.9 per square mile (628.2/km²), of which 2,103 (62.2%) were owner-occupied, and 1,276 (37.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.9%. 4,917 people (66.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,502 people (33.6%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,319 people, 3,306 households, and 1,811 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,441.2 people per square mile (1,326.7/km²). There were 3,418 housing units at an average density of 1,607.0 per square mile (619.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town in 2010 was 85.4% non-Hispanic White, 1.4% non-Hispanic Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. 6.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,306 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.2% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.76.
In the town the population was spread out with 19.2% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 33.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $58,465, and the median income for a family was $68,308. Males had a median income of $51,457 versus $40,815 for females. The per capita income for the town was $34,080. About 4.3% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.
Environmental factors 
Soils in the Fairfax area mostly belong to the Tocaloma Series as classified by the U.S. Soil Conservation Service. These soils consist of moderately deep, well drained soils on uplands. These soils are typically formed from sandstone and shale and often occur on slopes ranging above 15 percent.
The Coast Miwok Indians occupied stretches along local creeks, spring and seep areas; moreover prehistoric habitations were usually chosen near permanent and seasonal drainages, typically along flat ridges and terraces.
Fairfax was the site of the last political duel in California, in 1861. Daniel Showalter and Charles Piercy, both former assemblymen in the state legislature , decided to settle a political dispute at the home of Lord Fairfax, a mutual friend of both. Although Fairfax provided lunch to both men and tried to talk them out of it, they eventually headed to an open field nearby and dueled, with Showalter killing Piercy.
The town of Fairfax is the most Democratic political subdivision in heavily Democratic Marin County. According to the California Secretary of State, as of October 22, 2012, Fairfax has 5,441 registered voters. Of those, 3,496 (64.3%) are registered Democrats, 391 (7.2%) are registered Republicans, 1,145 (21.0%) have declined to state a political party, 257 (4.7) are registered with the left-wing Green Party, and 152 are registered with other parties.
Noted Fairfaxians 
- Joe Breeze
- Edward Espe Brown
- Chuck Day
- John Doe
- Lord Charles Snowdon Fairfax
- Mark Fiore
- Elsa Gidlow
- Frank Herbert
- Polly Klaas murder victim, was born in Fairfax
- Anne Lamott
- Lonnie Mayne
- Van Morrison
- Don Novello
- Jacquie Phelan
- Kay Ryan
- Archie Williams
- "Fairfax". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey.
- "California's 2nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- U.S. Census
- Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 631. ISBN 9781884995149.
- All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Environmental Impact Report for the Groza-Erickson Property, Ridgeway Avenue, Fairfax, California, Earth Metrics Inc, prepared for the State of California Environmental Clearinghowe drink loys of beeruse, Sacramento, Ca., January, 1989
- , accessed July 18, 2009
- , accessed July 18, 2009
- Rex Radio, January 1991, transcript of discussion with David Grisman and Jerry Garcia, accessed February 5, 2008
- James Sullivan, San Francisco Chronicle, October 2, 2001, "Dawg days: David Grisman's daughter makes film about his bluegrass partnership with Garcia", accessed February 5, 2008
- William Sager, Fairfax (Images of America), Arcadis Publishing, 2006 ISBN 0-7385-3090-5, accessed February 5, 2008
- CA Secretary of State – Report of Registration – October 22, 2012
- Town of Fairfax
- Fairfax Library
- Fairfax Historical Society
- Marin Town & Country Club
- Sustainable Fairfax