Fairfax County Sheriff's Office

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Fairfax County Office of the Sheriff
Common name Fairfax County Sheriff's Office
Abbreviation FCSO
VA - Fairfax County Sheriff.jpg
Patch of the Fairfax County Office of the Sheriff.
Flag of Fairfax County, Virginia.png
Flag of Fairfax County, Virginia
Agency overview
Formed 1742
Employees 608
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* County (US) of Fairfax in the state of Virginia, USA
Size 407 square miles (1,050 km2)
Population 1,116,897
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Fairfax, Virginia, U.S.
Deputy Sheriffs 518
Civilians 90
Agency executive Stacey Kincaid, Sheriff
Jails 1
Official Website
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Fairfax County Sheriff's Office (FCSO), officially the Fairfax County Office of the Sheriff, serves a population of 1,116,897 residents in Fairfax County, Virginia, a Northern Virginian suburb of Washington, D.C. It is the largest Sheriff's Office in Virginia with nearly 600 sworn deputies. The Sheriff and her deputies are fully sworn law enforcement officers with full arrest powers within Fairfax County, City of Fairfax and the Towns of Herndon and Vienna. The Sheriff's Office assists the Fairfax County Police Department and other law enforcement agencies to maintain peace and order in Fairfax County.


The Sheriff's Office was formed in 1742 when Fairfax County was created from Prince William County, Virginia. There have been 70 elected Sheriffs in Fairfax County, the current Sheriff is Stacey Kincaid. Sheriff Kincaid was first elected in 2013. She is the first female Sheriff of Fairfax County. The Sheriff is a position that was established under the Virginia Constitution, the citizens elect the Sheriff every four years.

The FCSO responsibilities have changed immensely since its inception. The FCSO was the primary law enforcement agency in the County until 1940. This is the year Sheriff Kirby persuaded the Board of Supervisors to implement a County Police Department. Fairfax County was rapidly changing from a rural area to a sprawling suburb of Washington D.C. Sheriff Kirby was overwhelmed with running the county jail, providing court security, serving civil process and patrol. In 1940 the County Police were tasked with daily criminal police duties.


The FCSO is a paramilitary organization with a rank structure.

  • Sheriff
  • Chief Deputy
  • Major
  • Captain
  • 1st Lieutenant
  • 2nd Lieutenant
  • Sergeant
  • Master Deputy Sheriff (MDS)
  • Deputy Sheriff - Private First Class (PFC)
  • Deputy Sheriff

Training begins at the Fairfax County Criminal Justice Academy in Chantilly, Virginia. The FCSO attends the police academy with the Fairfax County, Herndon and Vienna Police Departments.


Adult Detention Facility

The Adult Detention Center (ADC) serves as the County jail in Fairfax. It is unique in the nation because it provides all three forms of jail housing—linear, podular remote, and direct supervision. The average daily population is about 1200 inmates.

Inmates await trial and sentencing, or release after completing their sentence. The jail holds criminals with all types of offenses from, murder to drunk in public.

Civil Enforcement

The Sheriff's Office provides the service of civil documents including court capias and court orders. The Sheriff's Office also is responsible for executing eviction orders and levies.

Court Security

The Sheriff's Office provides security for the Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court and the Fairfax County Judicial Center (Jennings Building), both located in Fairfax County's Public Safety Complex. The Judicial Center is one of the busiest courthouses in Virginia with an average of 3,500 persons entering the center daily.

Additionally the Sheriff's Office provides security for the courts in the towns of Vienna and Herndon and the City of Fairfax. Security is provided for the judges, staff and visitors.

The Sheriff's Office also is responsible for escorting in excess of 17,000 prisoners to and from these courts each year.

Community Relations

Honor Guard

The Honor Guard represents the Fairfax County Sheriff's Office at numerous events both locally and nationally.

Project Lifesaver

The Sheriff's office assists families and caregivers of individuals with Autism, Down syndrome, Alzheimer’s and related diseases and disabilities. Clients wear a wristband that emits a silent tracking signal. Deputies that respond to a family member that is lost can locate these individuals.

Community Labor Force

This section provides a substantial savings to the tax payers of Fairfax County by maintaining the grounds at numerous County facilities. The labor force removes graffiti and cleans County right of ways of trash. Labor crews consist of well screened non-violent offenders.

Sheriff's Emergency Response Team (SERT)

The tactical arm of the Sheriff's Office. SERT is trained to handle high risk cell extractions in the ADC, hostage, riot and barricade situations in facilities maintained by the Sheriff's Office. High risk transports, Judiciary and executive protection, and high risk court trials. SERT is also trained in civil disturbance management and provides mutual aid to the Fairfax County Police Department.

Crisis Negotiation Team (CNT)

The Sheriff's Office Crisis Negotiation Team responds to the scene of all hostage or barricade situations in facilities maintained by the Sheriff's Office. Through verbal communications, CNT members protect the lives of all hostages, bystanders, Deputy Sheriff's, and suspects. Their primary objective is to secure the release of all hostages and facilitate the apprehension of all suspects.

Fallen officers[edit]

Since the establishment of the Fairfax County Sheriff's Office, one officer has died in the line of duty.[1]

Officer Date of Death Details
Deputy Sheriff George A. Malcolm
Friday, April 7, 1905

See also[edit]


  1. ^ [1]

External links[edit]