Fairfield, Idaho

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Fairfield, Idaho
City
Motto: "Gateway to Adventure"
Location in Camas County and the state of Idaho
Location in Camas County and the state of Idaho
Coordinates: 43°20′46″N 114°47′28″W / 43.34611°N 114.79111°W / 43.34611; -114.79111Coordinates: 43°20′46″N 114°47′28″W / 43.34611°N 114.79111°W / 43.34611; -114.79111
Country United States
State Idaho
County Camas
Area[1]
 • Total 0.88 sq mi (2.28 km2)
 • Land 0.88 sq mi (2.28 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 5,066 ft (1,544 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 416
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 398
 • Density 472.7/sq mi (182.5/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 83322, 83327
Area code(s) 208
FIPS code 16-26290
GNIS feature ID 0399870

Fairfield is the county seat of and the only city in Camas County, Idaho, United States.[4] The population was 416 at the 2010 census, nearly half of the rural county's population.

Geography[edit]

Fairfield is located at 43°20′46″N 114°47′28″W / 43.34611°N 114.79111°W / 43.34611; -114.79111 (43.346000, -114.791159),[5] at an elevation of 5,066 feet (1,544 m) above sea level.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.88 square miles (2.28 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Tractors in Fairfield
Visitor caboose in Fairfield
Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 280
1930 306 9.3%
1940 511 67.0%
1950 502 −1.8%
1960 474 −5.6%
1970 336 −29.1%
1980 404 20.2%
1990 371 −8.2%
2000 395 6.5%
2010 416 5.3%
source:[6][7]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 416 people, 176 households, and 109 families residing in the city. The population density was 472.7 inhabitants per square mile (182.5 /km2). There were 244 housing units at an average density of 277.3 per square mile (107.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.0% White, 1.0% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 1.4% from other races, and 4.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.3% of the population.

There were 176 households of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 10.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.1% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 35.1 years. 26.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.6% were from 25 to 44; 27.4% were from 45 to 64; and 11.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.9% male and 48.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 395 people, 162 households, and 115 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,214.3 people per square mile (462.2/km²). There were 211 housing units at an average density of 648.7 per square mile (246.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.97% White, 0.51% Native American, 0.25% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.08% of the population.

There were 162 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.5% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,167, and the median income for a family was $33,750. Males had a median income of $26,607 versus $16,667 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,504. About 9.1% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.7% of those under age 18 and 18.0% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Fairfield's main street is Soldier Road but is accessed by U.S. Route 20, a two-lane undivided highway connecting it to the west with Interstate 84 near Mountain Home, and to the east with State Highway 75 at Timmerman Junction in Blaine County. Four miles (6.4 km) east of Fairfield, State Highway 46 begins and proceeds south to Gooding.

Education[edit]

The public schools are operated by Camas County School District #121, headquartered in Fairfield. Camas County High School is the district's flagship school, located on Soldier Road in central Fairfield.

Recreation[edit]

The Soldier Mountains and Smoky Mountains of the Sawtooth National Forest (Fairfield Ranger District) are north of the city, offering many outdoor recreational opportunities. The Soldier Mountain ski area, established in 1948, is 12 miles (19 km) north of the city. The Snowkiting area, known around the world as one of the top destinations for this extreme sport, is 16 miles (26 km) west of the city. The Sun Valley ski resort is approximately 45 highway miles (70 km) northeast, up the Big Wood River Valley along State Highway 75, the Sawtooth Scenic Byway.[9] The western end of the Magic Reservoir is 10 miles (16 km) east of Fairfield, and the Silver Creek fly fishing stream is about 30 miles (50 km) east of the city.

Climate[edit]

Fairfield experiences a continental climate (Köppen Dsb) with cold, snowy winters and hot, dry summers.

Climate data for Fairfield Ranger Station
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 48
(9)
63
(17)
70
(21)
83
(28)
94
(34)
99
(37)
101
(38)
100
(38)
96
(36)
87
(31)
69
(21)
55
(13)
101
(38)
Average high °F (°C) 30.8
(−0.7)
36.2
(2.3)
44.5
(6.9)
56.9
(13.8)
67.1
(19.5)
76.1
(24.5)
85.3
(29.6)
84.9
(29.4)
75.6
(24.2)
63.4
(17.4)
43.3
(6.3)
31.5
(−0.3)
58.0
(14.4)
Average low °F (°C) 5.9
(−14.5)
9.0
(−12.8)
18.6
(−7.4)
28.5
(−1.9)
35.9
(2.2)
41.9
(5.5)
47.4
(8.6)
45.5
(7.5)
36.5
(2.5)
27.5
(−2.5)
18.0
(−7.8)
7.2
(−13.8)
26.8
(−2.9)
Record low °F (°C) −42
(−41)
−38
(−39)
−24
(−31)
−3
(−19)
15
(−9)
19
(−7)
26
(−3)
23
(−5)
11
(−12)
−8
(−22)
−21
(−29)
−40
(−40)
−42
(−41)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.22
(56.4)
1.71
(43.4)
1.45
(36.8)
1.05
(26.7)
1.33
(33.8)
0.83
(21.1)
0.60
(15.2)
0.42
(10.7)
0.69
(17.5)
0.82
(20.8)
1.77
(45)
1.98
(50.3)
14.87
(377.7)
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000) [10]
Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records) [11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 92.
  7. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Idaho 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ Idaho Byways - Sawtooth Scenic Byway
  10. ^ "Climatography of the United States NO.81". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 16, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Monthly Averages for Fairfield, ID". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 16, 2011. 

External links[edit]