Fairfield Porter, Under the Elms, 1971 - 1972
June 10, 1907|
Winnetka, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||September 18, 1975
Southampton, New York
|Field||Painting, art criticism|
|Training||Harvard University, Art Students' League|
|Movement||New York Figurative Expressionism|
Fairfield Porter (June 10, 1907 – September 18, 1975) was an American painter and art critic. He was the fourth of five children of James Porter, an architect, and Ruth Furness Porter, a poet from a literary family. He was the brother of photographer Eliot Porter and the brother-in-law of federal Reclamation Commissioner Michael W. Straus.
While a student at Harvard, Porter majored in fine arts; he continued his studies at the Art Students' League when he moved to New York City in 1928. His studies at the Art Students' League predisposed him to produce socially relevant art and, although the subjects would change, he continued to produce realist work for the rest of his career. He would be criticized and revered for continuing his representational style in the midst of the Abstract Expressionist movement.
His subjects were primarily landscapes, domestic interiors and portraits of family, friends and fellow artists, many of them affiliated with the New York School of writers, including John Ashbery, Frank O'Hara, and James Schuyler. Many of his paintings were set in or around the family summer house on Great Spruce Head Island, Maine and the family home at 49 South Main Street, Southampton, New York.
His painterly vision, which encompassed a fascination with nature and the ability to reveal extraordinariness in ordinary life, was heavily indebted to the French painters Pierre Bonnard and Édouard Vuillard. John Ashbery wrote of him: "Characteristically, [Porter] tended to prefer the late woolly Vuillards to the early ones everyone likes".
Work in public collections
About 250 of Porter's works, including Anne in a Striped Dress, 1967, were left by his estate to the Parrish Art Museum. Important paintings by Porter in other major public collections include Laurence at the Piano, 1953, New Britain Museum of American Art; Katie and Anne, 1955, Boathouses, 1961, and Jerry at the Piano, 1962, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden; Still Life with Casserole, 1955, National Museum of American Art; Elaine de Kooning, 1957, Maine Coast, 1958, Sunrise on South Main Street, 1973, and Near Union Square--Looking up Park Avenue, 1975, Metropolitan Museum of Art; Frank O' Hara, 1957, Toledo Museum of Art; Chrysanthemums, 1958, Wadsworth Atheneum; Children in a Field, 1960, The Garden Road, 1962, and The Screen Porch, 1964, Whitney Museum of American Art; Jimmy and Liz, 1963, and Under the Elms, 1971, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts; Interior in Sunlight, 1965, Brooklyn Museum; The Mirror, 1966, Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art; and The Dock, 1974–75, Farnsworth Art Museum.
- Porter, Fairfield. "Art in its own terms Selected Criticism 1935-1975." Cambridge, Massachusetts: Zoland Books, 1979. ISBN 0-944072-31-3
- "A Finding Aid to the Fairfield Porter Papers, 1888-2001 (bulk 1924-1975), in the Archives of American Art". Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 12 October 2012.
- Spring, Justin. "Fairfield Porter a Life in Art." New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000. ISBN 0-300-07637-1
- *Ashbery, John, and David Bergman. Reported sightings: art chronicles, 1957-1987. New York: Knopf, 1989. ISBN 0-394-57387-0. p. 316
- Spike, John T. Fairfield Porter an American classic. New York: Abrams. ISBN 0-8109-3719-0. p. 218
- Fairfield Porter: Modern American Master
- The Fairfield Porter Collection and Archives
- Spike, John T. Fairfield Porter: An American Classic, p. 282-307.New York, Harry N. Abrams, 1992
- Fairfield Porter Papers Online at the Smithsonian Archives of American Art
- Ken Moffatt, The Art of Fairfield Porter: An American Painter Celebrated a Sense of Place, 17 Feb 2010, Artes Magazine
- Alex Carnevale, In Which Fairfield Porter Looked So Young For His Age, January 13, 2011
- David Herd, Waiting for the mailboat (Letters of James Schuyler), The Guardian, 28 May 2005