Fairfield Township, Cumberland County, New Jersey

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This article is about a township in Cumberland County. The other Fairfield in New Jersey is Fairfield Township, Essex County, New Jersey.
Fairfield Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Fairfield
Fairfield Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Fairfield Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Fairfield Township, Cumberland County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Fairfield Township, Cumberland County, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°22′20″N 75°14′19″W / 39.372316°N 75.238721°W / 39.372316; -75.238721Coordinates: 39°22′20″N 75°14′19″W / 39.372316°N 75.238721°W / 39.372316; -75.238721[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Cumberland
Formed May 12, 1697
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Named for Fairfield, Connecticut
Government[4]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Viola Thomas-Hughes (term ends December 31, 2014)
 • Administrator Leo F. Selb, Jr.[3]
 • Clerk Carla Smith (acting)[3]
Area[2]
 • Total 43.950 sq mi (113.830 km2)
 • Land 41.260 sq mi (106.864 km2)
 • Water 2.690 sq mi (6.966 km2)  6.12%
Area rank 45th of 566 in state
5th of 14 in county[2]
Elevation[5] 16 ft (5 m)
Population (2010 Census)[6][7][8]
 • Total 6,295
 • Estimate (2013)[9] 6,566
 • Rank 335th of 566 in state
6th of 14 in county[10]
 • Density 152.6/sq mi (58.9/km2)
 • Density rank 522nd of 566 in state
9th of 14 in county[10]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08320 - Fairton[11][12]
Area code(s) 856 Exchange: 575[13]
FIPS code 3401122350[14][2][15]
GNIS feature ID 0882059[16][2]
Website www.fairfieldtownshipnj.org

Fairfield Township is a township in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the Vineland-Millville- Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area for statistical purposes. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 6,295,[6][7][8] reflecting an increase of 12 (+0.2%) from the 6,283 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 584 (+10.2%) from the 5,699 counted in the 1990 Census.[17]

Fairfield Township was formed by Royal charter on May 12, 1697, from portions of the Cohansey Township area, while still part of Salem County, and was formed as a precinct in the newly created Cumberland County on January 19, 1748. It was incorporated on February 21, 1798, as one of the initial group of 104 townships in the state by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature. Portions of the township were taken to form Downe Township (September 26, 1772), Millville Township (February 24, 1801) and Lawrence Township (February 17, 1885).[18]

Fairton (with a 2010 Census population of 1,264[19]) is a census-designated place and unincorporated community located within Fairfield Township.[20]

The name Fairfield refers to its original settlers, who were émigrés from Fairfield, Connecticut. The oldest Presbyterian church in South Jersey is said to date from before 1697. There is a plaque and an old cemetery which indicates the original log building.[21]

Geography[edit]

Fairfield Township is located at 39°22′20″N 75°14′19″W / 39.372316°N 75.238721°W / 39.372316; -75.238721 (39.372316,-75.238721). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 43.950 square miles (113.830 km2), of which, 41.260 square miles (106.864 km2) of it was land and 2.690 square miles (6.966 km2) of it (6.12%) was water.[1][2]

The township has three primary population centers: Sea Breeze, Fairton (originally named Bumbridge) and Gouldtown, an old African American community from the segregation period.[21][22]

Fairfield Township borders Lawrence Township, Millville, Deerfield Township, Upper Deerfield Township, Bridgeton, Hopewell Township, Greenwich Township, and the Delaware Bay.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,279 *
1820 1,869 −18.0%
1830 1,812 −3.0%
1840 1,935 6.8%
1850 2,133 10.2%
1860 2,448 14.8%
1870 3,011 23.0%
1880 3,215 6.8%
1890 1,688 * −47.5%
1900 1,911 13.2%
1910 1,629 −14.8%
1920 1,514 −7.1%
1930 1,848 22.1%
1940 1,977 7.0%
1950 2,932 48.3%
1960 3,916 33.6%
1970 4,990 27.4%
1980 5,693 14.1%
1990 5,699 0.1%
2000 6,283 10.2%
2010 6,295 0.2%
Est. 2013 6,566 [9] 4.3%
Population sources: 1810-2000[23]
1810-1920[24] 1840[25] 1850-1870[26]
1850[27] 1870[28] 1880-1890[29]
1890-1910[30] 1910-1930[31]
1930-1990[32] 2000[33][34] 2010[6][7][8]
* = Lost territory in previous decade[18]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,295 people, 1,882 households, and 1,357 families residing in the township. The population density was 152.6 per square mile (58.9/km2). There were 2,058 housing units at an average density of 49.9 per square mile (19.3/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 37.49% (2,360) White, 47.53% (2,992) Black or African American, 5.10% (321) Native American, 0.44% (28) Asian, 0.03% (2) Pacific Islander, 4.58% (288) from other races, and 4.83% (304) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 12.84% (808) of the population.[6]

There were 1,882 households, of which 24.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 21.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.14.[6]

In the township, 17.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.0 years. For every 100 females there were 139.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 148.8 males.[6]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $46,895 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,014) and the median family income was $55,286 (+/- $4,900). Males had a median income of $45,333 (+/- $4,287) versus $32,763 (+/- $2,703) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,619 (+/- $1,444). About 6.7% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.1% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.[35]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[14] there were 6,283 people, 1,751 households, and 1,322 families residing in the township. The population density was 148.6 people per square mile (57.4/km2). There were 1,915 housing units at an average density of 45.3 per square mile (17.5/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 41.41% White, 47.43% African American, 5.08% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.39% from other races, and 3.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.87% of the population.[33][34]

There were 1,751 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 18.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.5% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.19.[33][34]

In the township the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 36.4% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 146.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 161.7 males.[33][34]

The median income for a household in the township was $37,891, and the median income for a family was $41,326. Males had a median income of $31,858 versus $23,931 for females. The per capita income for the township was $17,547. About 6.9% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.9% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.[33][34]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Fairfield Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election.[4] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2014, members of the Fairfield Township Committee are Mayor Viola Thomas-Hughes (Democratic Party, term as mayor and on committee ends December 31, 2014), Deputy Mayor JoAnne Servais (D, term on committee ends 2015; term as deputy mayor ends 2014), Benjamin Byrd (D, 2016), Michael Morton (2015) and Troy Pitts (D, 2016).[36][37][38][39]

JoAnne Servais had been appointed to serve the unexpired term ending December 2014 of Dennis Pierce, who had resigned from office in June 2012 citing health issues.[40][41]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Fairfield Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[42] and is part of New Jersey's 1st state legislative district.[7][43][44] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Fairfield Township had been in the 3rd state legislative district.[45]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[46] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[47][48] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[49][50]

The 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew (D, Dennis Township) and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak (D, Middle Township) and Sam Fiocchi (R, Vineland).[51] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[52] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[53]

Cumberland County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve staggered three-year terms in office, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Freeholder Director and another as Deputy Director.[54][55] As of 2014, Cumberland County's Freeholders (with committee liaison assignments, political party, residence and term-end dates listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Joseph Derella (Administration / Public Safety; D, Millville, term ends December 31, 2015),[56] Freeholder Deputy Director Douglas M. Long (NA; D, Upper Deerfield Township, 2015),[57] Darlene Barber (Education; D, 2016, Upper Deerfield Township),[58] Carol Musso (Community Services; D, Deerfield Township, 2014),[59] James Sauro (Agriculture; R, Vineland, 2014),[60] Thomas Sheppard (Health; R, Lawrence Township, 2016)[61] and Tony Surace (Public Works; D, Millville, 2014).[62][63][64][65] The county's constitutional officers are County Clerk Gloria Noto (Vineland, 2014),[66] Sheriff Robert A. Austino (Vineland, 2014)[67] and Surrogate Douglas M. Rainear (Bridgeton, 2018).[68]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,639 registered voters in Fairfield Township, of which 1,603 (44.1%) were registered as Democrats, 409 (11.2%) were registered as Republicans and 1,627 (44.7%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[69]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 75.9% of the vote here (1,860 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received 22.3% (547 votes), with 2,451 ballots cast among the township's 3,707 registered voters, for a turnout of 66.1%.[70] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 68.7% of the vote here (1,476 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received around 29.6% (636 votes), with 2,149 ballots cast among the township's 3,400 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 63.2.[71]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 65.% of the vote here (925 ballots cast), ahead of both Republican Chris Christie with 27.2% (387 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 3.9% (56 votes), with 1,424 ballots cast among the township's 3,586 registered voters, yielding a 39.7% turnout.[72]

Education[edit]

The Fairfield Township School District serves public school students in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade. The district opened the new Fairfield Township School in September 2006, consolidating all grades into one building located at 375 Gouldtown-Woodruff Road in the Gouldtown section of the township.[73] As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 609 students and 56.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.88:1.[74]

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Cumberland Regional High School, which also serves students from Deerfield Township, Greenwich Township, Hopewell Township, Shiloh Borough, Stow Creek Township and Upper Deerfield Township.[75][76] The school is located in Upper Deerfield Township and opened for the 1977-78 school year as part of the Cumberland Regional High School District. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 1,368 students.[77]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 74.45 miles (119.82 km) of roadways, of which 30.89 miles (49.71 km) were maintained by the municipality, 39.90 miles (64.21 km) by Cumberland County and 3.66 miles (5.89 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[78]

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit offers service on the 553 route between Upper Deerfield Township and Atlantic City.[79]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Fairfield Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ a b Township Directory, Fairfield Township. Accessed July 10, 2013.
  4. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Fairfield, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Fairfield township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  7. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 1. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Fairfield township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  9. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  10. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  11. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Fairton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  12. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  13. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Fairton, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  14. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  16. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  18. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 120. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  19. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Fairton CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 21, 2012.
  20. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  21. ^ a b Laurie, Maxine N.; and Mappen, Marc; "Fairfield", Encyclopedia of New Jersey, p. 264. Rutgers University Press; 2004/2005. ISBN 9780813533254. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  22. ^ O'Brien, Gina. "FAIRFIELD RESIDENTS SET TO CELEBRATE TOWNSHIP'S RICH HISTORY", The Press of Atlantic City, September 28, 1997. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  23. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Cumberland County Municipalities, 1810 - 2010, WestJersey.org. January 6, 2011. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  24. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 10, 2013.
  25. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 232, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  26. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 269, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed September 8, 2013. "Fairfield was settled principally by emigrants, from the town in Connecticut of the same name. Its population in 1850 was 2,133; in 1860, 2,448; and in 1870, 3,011. Cedarville, Gouldtown, and Fairton, are post towns in this township."
  27. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 138. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  28. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 258. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  29. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  30. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  31. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  32. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  33. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Fairfield township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  34. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Fairfield township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  35. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Fairfield township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  36. ^ Township Committee, Fairfield Township. Accessed June 23, 2014.
  37. ^ 2013 Municipal Data Sheet, Fairfield Township. Accessed June 23, 2014.
  38. ^ Staff. "Town-by-town election results", Asbury Park Press, November 6, 2013. Accessed June 23, 2014.
  39. ^ Staff. "Election 2012 results", Asbury Park Press, November 7, 2012. Accessed June 23, 2014.
  40. ^ Woods, Don E. "Democrats win committee seats in Fairfield Township", South Jersey Times, November 6, 2012. Accessed June 23, 2014. "Results for Fairfield’s highly contested committee seats are in, with Michael Morton and JoAnne Servais winning the three-year seats and Viola Thomas Hughes winning the unexpired seat.... Servais, who became incumbent after Dennis Pierce stepped down for health reasons."
  41. ^ Woods, Don E. "Fairfield Township committeeman steps down for health reasons", South Jersey Times, June 13, 2012. Accessed June 23, 2014. "Dennis Pierce officially submitted his resignation on Monday, June 11.Pierce, who took the oath of office on Jan. 5, resigned only six months into his three year term."
  42. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  43. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 57, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  44. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  45. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 57, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  46. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  47. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  48. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  49. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  50. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  51. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  52. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  53. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  54. ^ What is a County Freeholder?, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "Freeholders are elected at-large and serve three year staggered terms. Each January, the Board reorganizes and selects its leadership."
  55. ^ About Cumberland County Government, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "By law, Cumberland County is allowed 7 freeholders, who serve staggered, overlapping three year terms. Two are elected in two successive years, three in the third year, elected from the county at-large. A Director of the Board is selected by his colleagues for a one year term."
  56. ^ Joseph Derella, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  57. ^ Douglas Long, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  58. ^ Darlene Barber, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  59. ^ Carol Musso, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  60. ^ James R. Sauro, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  61. ^ Thomas Sheppard, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  62. ^ Tony Surace, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  63. ^ County Freeholders, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  64. ^ 2014 County Data Sheet, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  65. ^ Marko, Deborah M.; and Kov, Daniel. "GOP keeps two seats on freeholder boardRainear re-elected as surrogate; Mercado ousted", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), November 6, 2013. Accessed July 28, 2014. "GOP candidate Tom Sheppard wins a three-year seat. His running mate, James Sauro, wins a one-year seat. The pair will be the only GOP representatives on the seven-member freeholder board. Darlene Barber, a Democrat in her first race, won the other three-year freeholder seat that was available.... In the surrogate race, incumbent Democrat Douglas Rainear defeated Republican newcomer Timothy Codispoti."
  66. ^ Cumberland County Clerk's Office, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  67. ^ Cumberland County Sheriff's Department, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  68. ^ Cumberland County Surrogate Office, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. As of date accessed, a 2013 term-end year is listed incorrectly.
  69. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Cumberland, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  70. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  71. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  72. ^ 2009 Governor: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  73. ^ "SCC, Fairfield Educators Open New Elementary School", New Jersey Schools Development Authority, December 16, 2006. Accessed September 10, 2014. "Students, teachers and parents in this rural Cumberland County community turned out today for a ribbon-cutting for the new Fairfield Elementary School. The school, which replaces two overcrowded facilities, will enhance academic achievement and provide much-needed early childhood education programs for 600 students from pre-kindergarten through 8th grade."
  74. ^ District information for Fairfield Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 10, 2014.
  75. ^ Cumberland Regional School District 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 9, 2014. "The Cumberland Regional School District, located in Western Cumberland County provides students with a comprehensive learning environment in a nurturing and personalized setting. The district serves students in grades 9 – 12 who reside in Deerfield, Fairfield, Greenwich & Stow Creek, Hopewell & Shiloh, and Upper Deerfield Townships."
  76. ^ History of CRHS, Cumberland Regional High School. Accessed December 9, 2014. "The Cumberland Regional High School is carved out of the northwest section of Cumberland County, New Jersey. Six municipalities whose boundaries are the same as the school districts in them, are served by the school. Districts include (1) Deerfield Township, (2) Fairfield Township, (3) Greenwich Township, (4) Hopewell Township, (5) Stow Creek Township, and (6) Upper Deerfield Township."
  77. ^ School Data for Cumberland Regional High School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 9, 2014.
  78. ^ Cumberland County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  79. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed December 15, 2014.
  80. ^ John Thompson Nixon, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 24, 2007.

External links[edit]