Fairview (surveillance program)
National Security Agency surveillance
Fairview is a secret mass surveillance programme run by the National Security Agency, aimed at collecting phone, internet and e-mail data in bulk from the computers and mobile telephones of foreign countries' citizens. According to 2013 revelations by whistleblower Edward Snowden:
The NSA partners with a large US telecommunications company...[which] partners with telecoms in the foreign countries, [which] then allow the US company access to those countries' telecommunications systems, and that access is then exploited to direct traffic to the NSA's repositories.
According to the revelations, the NSA had collected 2.3 billion separate pieces of data from Brazilian users in January 2013 alone.
Several weeks earlier, Snowden had revealed that the NSA was also harvesting the telephone metadata and text messages from over a billion subscribers in China, however no precise program name was reported at the time.
Fairview also refers to SIGAD US-990 of the same codename, as well as a "key corporate partner" who is not identified in Snowden documents. However that partner was identified on October 23, 2013 by The Washington Post—quoting NSA historian Matthew Aid—as AT&T.
- Lenn Greenwald, Roberto Kaz, José Casado (2013-07-06). "EUA espionaram milhões de e-mails e ligações de brasileiros". O Globo. Archived from the original on 2014-03-23. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- Glen Greenwald (2013-07-07). "The NSA’s mass and indiscriminate spying on Brazilians". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2013-08-11. Retrieved 2013-08-11.
- Lana Lam, Stephen Chen (2013-06-22). "EXCLUSIVE: US spies on Chinese mobile phone companies, steals SMS data: Edward Snowden". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 2014-03-23. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- Emily Heil (2013-10-22). "What’s the deal with NSA’s operation names?". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2014-03-23. Retrieved 2014-03-23.