Fairview (surveillance program)

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Fairview is a secret mass surveillance programme run by the National Security Agency, aimed at collecting phone, internet and e-mail data in bulk from the computers and mobile telephones of foreign countries' citizens.[1] According to 2013 revelations by whistleblower Edward Snowden:

The NSA partners with a large US telecommunications company...[which] partners with telecoms in the foreign countries, [which] then allow the US company access to those countries' telecommunications systems, and that access is then exploited to direct traffic to the NSA's repositories.[2]

According to the revelations, the NSA had collected 2.3 billion separate pieces of data from Brazilian users in January 2013 alone.[1]

Several weeks earlier, Snowden had revealed that the NSA was also harvesting the telephone metadata and text messages from over a billion subscribers in China; however, no precise program name was reported at the time.[3]

Fairview also refers to SIGAD US-990 of the same codename, as well as a "key corporate partner" who is not identified in Snowden documents. However that partner was identified on October 23, 2013 by The Washington Post—quoting NSA historian Matthew Aid—as AT&T.[4]

Media related to FAIRVIEW and Upstream Collection[edit]


  1. ^ a b Lenn Greenwald, Roberto Kaz, José Casado (2013-07-06). "EUA espionaram milhões de e-mails e ligações de brasileiros". O Globo. Archived from the original on 2014-03-23. Retrieved 2014-03-23. 
  2. ^ Glen Greenwald (2013-07-07). "The NSA’s mass and indiscriminate spying on Brazilians". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2013-08-11. Retrieved 2013-08-11. 
  3. ^ Lana Lam, Stephen Chen (2013-06-22). "EXCLUSIVE: US spies on Chinese mobile phone companies, steals SMS data: Edward Snowden". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 2014-03-23. Retrieved 2014-03-23. 
  4. ^ Emily Heil (2013-10-22). "What’s the deal with NSA’s operation names?". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2014-03-23. Retrieved 2014-03-23.