Faisal bin Musaid
|Faisal bin Musaid bin Abdulaziz|
|House||House of Saud|
|Father||Musa'id bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud|
|Mother||Watfa bint Muhammad Al Rashid|
|Died||18 June 1975 (aged 27–28)|
Faisal bin Musaid bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1947 – 18 June 1975) (Arabic: الأمير فيصل بن مساعد بن عبد العزيز آل سعود, ِ Fayṣal bin Musāʿid bin ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ʾĀl Saʿūd) was the assassin and nephew of King Faisal of Saudi Arabia.
Faisal was born in 1947. His father was Prince Musa'id and his mother was Watfa, a daughter of Muhammad bin Talal, the 12th (and last) Rashidi amir. His parents divorced. He and his brothers and sisters were much closer to their Rashidi relatives than their paternal relatives, Al Sauds.
In 1966, his brother Khaled, was killed during a Riyadh protest against the introduction of television. The details of his death are disputed. Some reports allege that he actually died resisting arrest outside his own home. No investigation over his death was ever initiated. Faisal had another brother, Bandar, and a sister, Al Jawhara. Abdul Rahman bin Musaid is his half-brother.
Faisal studied in the United States. He went to San Francisco State College and then the University of Colorado. He was described by his peers as "quiet, likable, notably unstudious young man". University of Colorado Professor Edward Rozek, who had taught him in three comparative government courses, described him as "academically a D and a C student" and his motivation for his future assassination "must have been drugs".
In 1970, he was arrested in Boulder, Colorado, for selling LSD and hashish. In May 1970, the district attorney dropped the charges. Afterward, Faisal took graduate courses in political science at Berkeley. He did not finish his degree and he left the United States after being granted diplomatic immunity.
His girlfriend was Christine Surma, a blonde part-time movie actress turned auctioneer who played in Bite of the Cobra. She was 26 at the time of the assassination. Surma viewed the Saudi's interest "in achieving peace with Israel" as positive outcomes "not available with the previous ruler King Faisal". She stated her boyfriend was a "perfect gentleman who was proud of his family and his country."
After the United States
After leaving the United States, he went to Beirut. For unknown reasons, he also went to East Germany. When he came back to Saudi Arabia, Saudi authorities seized his passport because of his troubles abroad. He began teaching at Riyadh University and kept in touch with Christine Surma.
Assassination and trial
Royal Palace shooting
On 25 March 1975, he went to the Royal Palace in Riyadh, where King Faisal was holding a majlis. He joined a Kuwaiti delegation and lined up to meet the king. The king recognized his nephew and bent his head forward, so that the younger Faisal could kiss the king's head in a sign of respect. The prince took out a revolver from his robe and shot the King twice in the head. His third shot missed and he threw the gun away. King Faisal fell to the floor. Bodyguards with swords and submachine guns arrested the prince. The king was quickly rushed to a hospital but doctors failed to save him. Before dying, King Faisal ordered that the assassin not be executed. Saudi television crews captured the entire assassination on camera.
Imprisonment and execution
Initial reports described Faisal bin Musaid as "mentally deranged." He was moved to a Riyadh prison. He was deemed sane to be tried. He was found guilty of murder. Hours after the verdict, he was publicly decapitated in Riyadh. His brother Bandar was also put in prison for one year and later released.
He had undergone psychiatric treatment in Beirut, where he had blamed his uncle for the death of his brother. His involvement with drugs was cited as one of the motivations in the assassination. Saudi officials began to state that the prince's actions were deliberate and planned. Rumours suggested that the prince had told his mother about his assassination plans, who in turn told King Faisal. King Faisal had responded that "if it was Allah's will, then it would happen". Arab media implied that the prince had been a tool of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.
Beirut newspapers offered three different explanations for the attack. An-Nahar reported that the attack may have been possible vengeance for the dethroning of King Saud, because Faisal was scheduled to marry Saud's daughter — Princess Sita — in the same week. An-Nahar also reported that King Faisal had ignored his repeated complaints that his $3500 monthly allowance was insufficient and this may have caused the assassination. Al Bayrak reported that according to reliable Saudi sources, King Faisal prohibited him from leaving the country because of his excessive alcohol and drug consumption overseas and the attack may have been a retaliation against the ban. It is a commonly held, but unsubstantiated, popular belief in Saudi Arabia that he was a pawn in a Western conspiracy to assassinate King Faisal.
- George Fetherling (2001). The Book of Assassins: A Biographical Dictionary from Ancient Times to the Present. New York: Wiley. p. 139. Retrieved 9 September 2013. – via Questia (subscription required)
- Al Rasheed, Madawi (1991). Politics in an Arabian Oasis. The Rashidis of Saudi Arabia. New York: I. B. Tauirs & Co. Ltd.
- Ali, Tariq (2001). "Kingdom of corruption: Keeping an eye on the ball: the Saudi connection". Index on Censorship 30: 14–18. doi:10.1080/03064220108536972. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
- Reported Killer of King Faisal Knew Drugs, Radicals The Journal Meriden, Connecticut 25 March 1975
- "Saudi Arabia: The Death of A Desert Monarch". Time. 7 April 1975.
- Saudi Arabia's King Faisal Assassinated Lodi News-Sentinel 26 March 1975
- Saudi Prince Beheaded The News and The Courier 19 June 1975
- Faisal's lawyer Will Stand Trial Milwaukee Sentinel 31 March 1975
- Motives for Slaying Offered Daily News 24 March 1975
- Fred Halliday Political killing in the cold war openDemocracy
- "Assassin's Fate and Motives Unknown." New York Times 27 March 1975 : 3.
- de Onis, Juan. "Motive Unknown." New York Timfes 26 March 1975 : 1 & 8.
- Pace, Eric. "Rumors of a Beheading Draw Crowds in Riyadh." New York Times 5 April 1975 : 3.