Fajã de Cima

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Fajã de Cima
Civil Parish
Miradouro das Provincias, Fajã de Cima, ilha de São Miguel, Açores.JPG
Belvedre das Provincias, overlooking some of the newer homes of this residential community in northern Ponta Delgada
Official name: Freguesia da Fajã de Cima
Name origin: Portuguese for upper debris field
Country  Portugal
Autonomous Region  Azores
Island São Miguel
Municipality Ponta Delgada
Localities Carreira, Fajã de Cima
Center Fajã de Cima
 - elevation 161 m (528 ft)
 - coordinates 37°46′11″N 25°39′35″W / 37.76972°N 25.65972°W / 37.76972; -25.65972Coordinates: 37°46′11″N 25°39′35″W / 37.76972°N 25.65972°W / 37.76972; -25.65972
Highest point Picos de Lima
 - elevation 368 m (1,207 ft)
 - coordinates 37°47′31″N 25°38′42″W / 37.79194°N 25.64500°W / 37.79194; -25.64500
Lowest point Rua da Levada
 - elevation 84 m (276 ft)
 - coordinates 37°45′30″N 25°39′53″W / 37.75833°N 25.66472°W / 37.75833; -25.66472
Area 11.89 km2 (5 sq mi)
 - urban .68 km2 (0 sq mi)
Population 3,438 (2011)
Density 289 / km2 (749 / sq mi)
LAU Junta Freguesia
 - location Rua da Vila Nova
 - elevation 166 m (545 ft)
 - coordinates 37°46′10″N 25°39′46″W / 37.76944°N 25.66278°W / 37.76944; -25.66278
President Junta José do Rego Furtado
Timezone Azores (UTC-1)
 - summer (DST) Azores (UTC0)
Postal Zone 9500-504
Area Code & Prefix (+351) 292 XXX-XXXX
Patron Saint Nossa Senhora da Oliveira
Location of the civil parish of Fajã de Cima in the municipality of Ponta Delgada
Wikimedia Commons: Fajã de Cima (Ponta Delgada)
Statistics: Instituto Nacional de Estatística[1]
Geographic detail from CAOP (2010)[2] produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)

Fajã de Cima is a civil parish in the municipality of Ponta Delgada in the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores. Fajã de Cima is located in the Picos region in the western part of the island of São Miguel, north of central Ponta Delgada. The population in 2011 was 3,438,[3] in an area of 11.89 km².[4]

History[edit]

Most of the land is cultivatable, but the Forest Reserve of Pinhal da Paz, is one of the main natural parks on island

The history of Fajã de Cima is intimately related with the history of Fajã de Baixo, historically referred to as the Lugar das Fajãs (place of the Fajãs).[5] Gaspar Frutuoso, in the 16th century, mentioned:

"To the interior, to the north, one quarter league from the city, between vineyards, is the parish of the place of Fajã, whose church is in the invocation of Our Lady of Angels."[5]

Cândido Abranches, in 1869 referred:

"...it is written in the Book of the Tomb, of that parish...we can see that the parochial church was constructed in the site of Fajã de Cima...it was constructed in 1532. The one that today exists, was constructed in 1791, it is one nave and has six altars."[5]

Abranches goes on to note:

"Following the road that extends to the right of the church, you'll reach Fajã de Cima...The two Fajãs are connected to the city...The upper, very populous, has a small and very ruined church to the organ of Our Lady of the Olives...This place is to the north of the city, a distance of 2 kilometre, in an elevated position..."[5]

Geography[edit]

Fajã de Cima has been a "bedroom" community of Ponta Delgada, and responsible for the largest population influx.[5]

Architecture[edit]

  • Church of Nossa Senhora da Oliveira (Portuguese: Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Oliveira)

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ INE, ed. (2010), Censos 2011 - Resultadas Preliminares [2011 Census - Preliminary Results] (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Nacional de Estatística, retrieved 1 January 2012 
  2. ^ IGP, ed. (2010), Carta Administrativa Oficial de Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Geográfico Português, retrieved 1 July 2011 
  3. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  4. ^ Eurostat
  5. ^ a b c d e DRAC (2010), p.20
Sources
  • DRAC, ed. (2010). Festas das ilhas de São Miguel e Santa Maria 2010 [Festivals of the islands of São Miguel and Santa Maria 2010] (in Portuguese). Ponta Delgada, Azores: Direcção Regional das Comunidades. p. 16.