Fajr-5

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Fajr-5
Fajr5.jpg
Type Rocket artillery
Place of origin  Iran
Service history
Used by  Iran
 Syria
 Libya
 Lebanon (Hezbollah)
Hamas
Islamic Jihad
Wars

2006 Lebanon War
Gaza–Israel conflict

Syrian civil war
Production history
Designed Said to have started after late 1980s/early 1990s
Manufacturer Aerospace Industries Organization, Sanam Industrial Group, Defense Industries Organization[1][2]
Specifications
Weight 1,500 kg (System)
90 kg (HE Content)
175 kg (Warhead)
915 kg (Rocket)[3]
Length 10.45 m (Launcher)
6.485 m (Rocket)[3]
Width 2.54 m (Launcher)[3]
Height

3.34 m (Launcher)[3]

Size Comparison

Caliber 333 mm
Elevation 0 to 57 degrees[3]
Traverse 45 degrees left and right[3]
Rate of fire 4–8 seconds[3]
Effective firing range 68–75 km

The Fajr-5 (Persian: فجر-۵‎, meaning "dawn-5") is an artillery rocket developed by Iran in the 1990s. The system is part of the Fajr family of rockets.

Overview[edit]

The latest production of the Fajr-5 is installed on a new 6 × 6 forward control chassis[4] and the platform is now integrated into a complete weapon system rather than an individual launcher. To provide a more stable firing platform four hydraulically operated stabilizers are lowered to the ground before firing. The new chassis has improved cross-country mobility and the forward control fully enclosed cab provides space for the driver and two passengers. Another fully enclosed cabin to the immediate rear of the cab houses the remainder of the crew. The new Mercedes-Benz chassis is similar to that manufactured in China, which is used as the basis for the Norinco (China North Industries Corporation) 122 mm (40-round) Type 90 ARS. While the primary role of this artillery rocket system is the engagement of land targets, AIO says that a radar can be added to give the system the capability to track and engage naval targets. The Fajr-5 missile, which is launched from a mobile platform, reportedly has a range of 75 kilometers (50 mi). Also a two stage version of the rocket is reported to be produced with a length of 9 m and range of 190 km. But this variant is launched from TELs similar to Zelzal missiles which only has the capacity for a single rocket.

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History[edit]

The first Fajr-5 were created when China exported WS-1 MLRS to Iran in the late 1980s/early 1990s.[5] They were then subsequently created and produced by Iran's Aerospace Industries Organization. In May 2006, Iran's Aerospace Industries Organization (AIO) has developed an upgraded version of the well-established Fajr-5 333 mm (4-round) unguided surface-to-surface artillery rocket system (ARS).[6]

Combat record[edit]

Iran was reported to have supplied a number of these rockets to Hezbollah forces in Lebanon in 2006.[7]

  • During the 2006 Lebanon War Hezbollah militants fired rockets deeper into Israel than in past conflicts. Hezbollah called these rockets the Khaibar-1.[8] Israeli police bomb experts believed the rockets to be an enhanced version of the Fajr-5.[9]
  • In November 2012 during Operation Pillar of Defense, Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad fired Fajr-5 rockets towards Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. One hit an apartment block in Rishon LeZion. Hundreds were destroyed by Israeli airstrikes,[10] while others were intercepted by Iron Dome or fell in an unpopulated area.[11][12][13] The commander of the Iranian Guard said that Iran did not supply Gaza with a Fajr-5 missile but transferred the technology to manufacture it to the Palestinians.[14]

Operators[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aerospace Industries Organization. Retrieved on May 13, 2008.
  2. ^ It is assumed that AIO is responsible for Fajr-5's production since nti.org claims that AIO is responsible for producing missiles of all types except ballistic missiles.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Fajr-3 & Fajr-5 brochure. Retrieved on May 13, 2008.
  4. ^ Fadjr-5. Retrieved on May 12, 2008.
  5. ^ Vital Perspective: North Korea. Retrieved on May 12, 2008.
  6. ^ Foss, Christopher F (2006-05-08). "Fadjr-5 artillery rocket system gets new chassis". Jane's Information Group. Archived from the original on 2006-06-14. Retrieved 2006-07-30. 
  7. ^ "Le Hezbollah tire des missiles "au-delà de Haïfa" alors que les raids aériens israéliens s'intensifient". Le Monde. 2006-07-29. 
  8. ^ Gannon, Kathy (2006-07-28). "Hezbollah Fires New Rockets Into Israel". Associated Press. Retrieved 2006-07-30. [dead link]
  9. ^ Roffe-Ofir, Sharon (2006-07-28). "Fajr-5 missiles fired at Israel". YNet. Retrieved 2006-07-30. 
  10. ^ http://www.economist.com/news/middle-east-and-africa/21567115-israelis-can-fend-most-missiles-some-will-still-get
  11. ^ Alqassam Brigades launches a Fajr-5, November 15, 2012 
  12. ^ Lappin, Yaakov; Omer-Man, Michael (17 November 2012). "Iron Dome intercepts 2 Fajr-5 missiles aimed at Tel Aviv". Jerusalem Post. 
  13. ^ Iran denies supplying Fajr-5 rockets to Gaza militants: report, Reuters in Chicago Tribune, November 18, 2012
  14. ^ http://tehrantimes.com/politics/103510-iran-transferred-fajr-5-missile-technology-to-gaza-irgc-chief-
  15. ^ http://articles.janes.com/articles/Janes-Missiles-And-Rockets-2004/Iran-supplies-improved-rockets-to-Syria-and-Hizbullah.html

External links[edit]