Fake 4-ball

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

In mathematics, a fake 4-ball is a compact contractible topological 4-manifold. Michael Freedman proved that every three-dimensional homology sphere bounds a fake 4-ball. His construction involves the use of Casson handles and so does not work in the smooth category.

References[edit]

  • Alexandru Scorpan, The Wild World of 4-Manifolds, American Mathematical Society, ISBN 0-8218-3749-4