Falcon 9 Flight 10
|Configuration||Falcon 9 v1.1|
|Date||July 14, 2014, 15:15UTC|
|Pad||Space Launch Complex 40|
|Orbcomm O2G (x6)|
Falcon 9 Flight 10 is a Falcon 9 space launch that occurred on July 14, 2014. It was the fifth launch of the Falcon 9 v1.1 launch vehicle and carried six OG2 telecommunication satellites. All six 172-kilogram-mass (379 lb) satellites were successfully deployed.
Following the first stage loft of the second stage and payload on its orbital trajectory, SpaceX conducted a successful flight test on the spent first stage that received considerable news attention. In the event, the first stage successfully decelerated from hypersonic velocity in the upper atmosphere, made a successful reentry, landing burn, and deployment of its landing legs and touched down on the ocean surface. The first stage was not recovered however as the hull integrity was breached on landing or on the subsequent "tip over and body slam".
This launch has been particularly problematic and has been delayed several times.
Earlier launch attempts were:
- delayed by SpaceX due to a first stage helium leak
- delayed by Orbcomm due to a potential defect in one of their satellites. On June 20 a launch attempt was scrubbed due to a fluctuation in pressure readings on the second stage.
- delayed by weather on June 21 when the launch window was closed due to poor weather conditions on the flight trajectory through the lower atmosphere
- the June 22 attempt was scrubbed by SpaceX to address a potential concern with the launch vehicle identified during pre-flight checks.
|Payload||Operator||Function||Manufacturer||Bus type||Mass (kg)||Remarks|
|Orbcomm FM103||Orbcomm||Communications||Sierra Nevada||SN-100A||172 kg (379 lb)|
|Orbcomm FM104||Orbcomm||Communications||Sierra Nevada||SN-100A||172 kg (379 lb)|
|Orbcomm FM106||Orbcomm||Communications||Sierra Nevada||SN-100A||172 kg (379 lb)|
|Orbcomm FM107||Orbcomm||Communications||Sierra Nevada||SN-100A||172 kg (379 lb)|
|Orbcomm FM109||Orbcomm||Communications||Sierra Nevada||SN-100A||172 kg (379 lb)|
|Orbcomm FM111||Orbcomm||Communications||Sierra Nevada||SN-100A||172 kg (379 lb)|
Post-mission launch vehicle testing
In an arrangement unusual for launch vehicles, the first stage of the SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket conducted a propulsive-return over-water test after the second stage with the Orbcomm OG2 payload separated from the booster.
This was the third high-altitude post-mission test of this type, after the first test on Falcon 9 Flight 6 in September 2013, and a second test in April 2014. The April test resulted in the first successful controlled ocean soft touchdown of a liquid-rocket-engine orbital booster and included landing legs for the first time which were extended for the simulated "landing".
- Graham, William (2014-07-14). "SpaceX’s Falcon 9 set for fourth attempt to launch Orbcomm OG2 mission". NASAspaceflight.com. Retrieved 2014-07-14.
- "OG2 Launch". 16 June 2014. Retrieved 16 June 2014.
- "SpaceX Falcon Rocket Sends Up a Six-Pack of Satellites". NBC. 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-07-14. "Musk: 'Rocket booster reentry, landing burn & leg deploy were good, but lost hull integrity right after splashdown (aka kaboom) ... Detailed review of rocket telemetry needed to tell if due to initial splashdown or subsequent tip over and body slam'."
- "Spaceflight Now | Tracking Station". 16 May 2014. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- "Spaceflight Now | Falcon Launch Report". 21 May 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "Delayed SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket fires up its engines". 14 June 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
- "Launch update". 21 June 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
- Messier, Doug (29 September 2013). "Falcon 9 Launches Payloads into Orbit From Vandenberg". Parabolic Arc. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
- Belfiore, Michael (22 April 2014). "SpaceX Brings a Booster Safely Back to Earth". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
- Norris, Guy (28 April 2014). "SpaceX Plans For Multiple Reusable Booster Tests". Aviation Week. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
- SpaceX Press Kit: ORBCOMM OG2 Mission 1, May 2014.
- Falcon 9 First Stage Return : ORBCOMM Mission, SpaceX-released video of the controlled descent test (onboard camera), July 2014.
- Falcon 9 First Stage Reentry Footage from Plane, SpaceX-released video of the controlled descent test, as seen from a chase plane, Aug 2014.