|Comune di Falerone|
|Frazioni||Piane di Falerone|
|• Total||24.53 km2 (9.47 sq mi)|
|Elevation||432 m (1,417 ft)|
|• Density||130/km2 (340/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||San Fortunato|
|Saint day||June 1|
Almost nothing is known of the ancient town (called Falerio) except from inscriptions, from which, and from the remains of its buildings, it appears to have been a centre of some importance in the Picenum.
It was probably founded as a colony by Caesar Augustus after his victory at Actium. A question arose in the time of Domitian between the inhabitants of Falerio and Firmum as to land which had been taken out of the territory of the latter (which was recolonized by the triumvirs), and, though not distributed to the new settlers, had not been given back again to the people of Firmum. The emperor, by a rescript, a copy of which in bronze was found at Falerio, decided in favor of the people of Falerio, that the occupiers of this land should remain in possession of it.
In the Late Antiquity the city decayed, and in the Middle Ages it followed the history of the local lordships.
Considerable remains of a theatre in concrete faced with brickwork, erected, according to an inscription, in 43 BC, and 49 metres (161 ft) in diameter, were excavated in 1838 and are still visible. An amphitheatre, less well preserved, also exists. Between the two is a water reservoir (called Bagno della Regina) connected with remains of baths.
Media related to Falerone at Wikimedia Commons
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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