Fall Grün (Czechoslovakia)

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Fall Grün (English: "Case Green") was a pre-World War II German plan for an aggressive war against Czechoslovakia.

Plan[edit]

The plan was first drafted late in 1937, then revised as the military situation and requirements changed. The ultimate revision of the plan scheduled the attack for September 28, 1938; but, as France and the United Kingdom were reluctant to go to war for the sake of Czechoslovakia and expressed political will to avoid such a war at all costs, the execution of the plan was postponed, then, after the Munich Conference (also called the Treaty of Munich) held on September 30, 1938, abandoned altogether.

In ceding the Sudetenland to Germany, Czechoslovakia lost the majority of its border fortifications and was no longer defensible against the German military. Germany invaded Czechoslovakia on March 15, 1939 (Unternehmen Südost or Operation Southeast), encountered minimal resistance, and annexed Bohemia and Moravia to the Reich; Germany gave nominal independence to Slovakia and installed Jozef Tiso as head of a satellite state.

Fall Grün was later assigned to the plans for an invasion of Ireland.

Fall Grün in fiction[edit]

  • In a Harry Turtledove’s alternate history novel "The War That Came Early" Hitler orders Fall Grün and attacks Czechoslovakia after the pro-Nazi leader of the Sudeten Germans Konrad Henlein is assassinated by a Czech nationalist. This causes the German negotiations with the French and British leaders about the Czechoslovak crisis to fail. Following the Allied treaty with Czechoslovakia both countries declare a war on Germany. After the Czechoslovak border defenses are breached, their army is pushed back to the east and Prague is surrounded and later capitulates, however the rest of the army continues to fight as it retreats towards Slovakia. The Czechoslovak military resistance eventually collapses, after the pro-Nazi Slovak nationalists start a coup, and both Polish and Hungarian armies join the German invasion. Many Czechoslovaks escape to France, where they form an exile government and continue the fight.
  • In another alternate history novel "Žáby v mlíku" by Jan Drnek, Czechoslovak army generals persuade the President Edvard Beneš not to accept the terms of the Munich treaty which require him to cede the Sudetenland to Germany. This prompts the Fall Grün invasion, but France and Great Britain refuse to help. Czechoslovakia successfully repels the ill prepared attempt to break through its heavily fortified northern border and with the help of the Czechoslovak intelligence also crushes an attempt to drop paratroopers behind the defensive lines. On the west however the German tanks defeat the border fortifications and advance towards Pilsen. Czechoslovak army only manages to slow them down. In the south the invading German divisions are lured to a trap and after a river dam is blown they became separated from their supply lines and are subsequently destroyed or captured. This allows Czechoslovakia’s tank and motorized divisions to lead a counter-strike towards Vienna and Linz, which are eventually seized. German generals become more and more dissatisfied with Hitler and his rule and after the invasion fails to produce results they stage a coup and assassinate Hitler and take over the government. Few days later a peace agremeent is reached and war ends.
  • S. Fowler Wright’s novel "Prelude to Prague: The War of 1938", written in 1935 also has a story set in a German invasion to Czechoslovakia. In this scenario Czechoslovakia is quickly defeated after one day of a massive air bombing.

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