Fall River Mills, California

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Fall River Mills
census-designated place
Sign welcoming visitors to Fall River Valley
Sign welcoming visitors to Fall River Valley
Nickname(s): Northern California's best kept secret
Location in Shasta County and the state of California
Location in Shasta County and the state of California
Coordinates: 41°0′21″N 121°26′27″W / 41.00583°N 121.44083°W / 41.00583; -121.44083Coordinates: 41°0′21″N 121°26′27″W / 41.00583°N 121.44083°W / 41.00583; -121.44083
Country  United States
State  California
County Shasta
Settled 1855
Founded by William H. Winters
Government
 • Type Municipal
Area[1]
 • Total 2.752 sq mi (7.128 km2)
 • Land 2.593 sq mi (6.715 km2)
 • Water 0.159 sq mi (0.413 km2)  5.79%
Elevation 3,195 ft (1,014 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 573
 • Density 210/sq mi (80/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 96028
Area code(s) 530
FIPS code 06-23532
GNIS feature ID 0260035
Website Town of Fall River Mills Website

Fall River Mills (or Fall City) is an unincorporated town and census-designated place (CDP) in Shasta County, California, United States. The population was 573 as of the 2010 census.

Production & Industry[edit]

The community is known for its agriculture. Being home to the production of cattle, Fall River Wild Rice, Garlic, Mint, Hay, Lavender and Alfalfa.

Local government[edit]

Local government in Fall River Mills includes:

  • Fall River Valley Municipal Advisory Council
  • Fall River Valley Community Services District
  • Fall River Mills Fire Protection District
  • Fall River Mills Cemetery District
  • Mayers Memorial Hospital District
  • Fall River Mills Joint Unified School District
  • Fall River Resource Conservation District.

Education[edit]

  • Elementary Schools
    • Fall River Elementary School (K-6) "a California Distinguished School"
    • Fall River Elementary Community Day School (K-6)
  • High School
    • Fall River Jr,Sr High School (7-12) "a California Distinguished School"
    • Fall River Community Day School (7-12)
    • Soldier Mt Continuation School (9-12)
  • Alternative Schools
    • Migrant Child Education (K-12)

Transportation[edit]

Fall River Mills Airport, Tonkin Field (FAA LID: O89) is a public airport located off Main Street, in downtown Fall River Mills, serving Shasta County. The airport has one runway and is mostly used for general aviation. It is the only airport within 75 miles (121 km) of Redding and Alturas.

The airport was originally built in the 1940s as a location to train pilots for World War II. Over the years, the airport has been maintained and upgraded largely due to funding provided from the California Aid to Airports Program (CAAP). Today the airport has nine permanent t-hangars, five Portable hangars, approximately 30 tie-downs, and provides aviation fuel sales. The airport is equipped with runway lights which are designed to be turned on at night by the pilots as they approach the airport.[2]

Geography and geology[edit]

Fall River Mills is located at 41°0′21″N 121°26′27″W / 41.00583°N 121.44083°W / 41.00583; -121.44083 (41.005760, -121.440946)[3].

Fall River Mills is nestled between the Sierra Nevada and the Cascade mountain ranges in the far Northeast corner of Shasta County, California. The town is surrounded by mountains in all four cardinal directions with Mt Shasta and Mt Lassen visible from anywhere in the Fall River Valley.

Elevation varies only slightly throughout the valley floor, ranging from 3,200 to 3,400 feet (1,000 m). The surrounding passes all vary from 3,600 to 4,200+ feet.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2), of which, 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (5.79%) is water.

Climate[edit]

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F 66 78 81 90 101 105 109 110 107 98 82 68
Norm High °F 47 52 57 64 73 81 89 89 83 71 54 46
Norm Low °F 22 25 29 32 38 44 47 44 38 31 26 22
Rec Low °F -11 -8 8 17 18 27 27 30 22 10 7 -20
Precip (in) 2.96 2.89 2.82 1.44 1.36 0.73 0.21 0.36 0.79 1.34 2.33 2.55
Source: Weather.com [1]

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[4] reported that Fall River Mills had a population of 573. The population density was 208.2 people per square mile (80.4/km²). The racial makeup of Fall River Mills was 450 (78.5%) White, 0 (0.0%) African American, 30 (5.2%) Native American, 3 (0.5%) Asian, 2 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 56 (9.8%) from other races, and 32 (5.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 105 persons (18.3%).

The Census reported that 535 people (93.4% of the population) lived in households, 9 (1.6%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 29 (5.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 228 households, out of which 71 (31.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 93 (40.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 26 (11.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 13 (5.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 15 (6.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 1 (0.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 83 households (36.4%) were made up of individuals and 41 (18.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35. There were 132 families (57.9% of all households); the average family size was 3.11.

The population was spread out with 140 people (24.4%) under the age of 18, 56 people (9.8%) aged 18 to 24, 107 people (18.7%) aged 25 to 44, 147 people (25.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 123 people (21.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.8 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.

There were 280 housing units at an average density of 101.7 per square mile (39.3/km²), of which 128 (56.1%) were owner-occupied, and 100 (43.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 6.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 8.9%. 285 people (49.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 250 people (43.6%) lived in rental housing units.

2007[edit]

As of 2007, there were 712 people, 261 households, and 173 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 240 people per square mile (91/km²). There were 304 housing units at an average density of 111/sq mi (43/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 81% White, 10% Native American, 5% from other races, and 4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12% of the population.

There were 261 households out of which 35% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46% were married couples living together, 16% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33% were non-families. 32% of all households were made up of individuals and 15% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 31% under the age of 18, 7% from 18 to 24, 22% from 25 to 44, 23% from 45 to 64, and 17% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 83.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $29,833, and the median income for a family was $34,306. Males had a median income of $35,197 versus $21,364 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $15,667. About 22% of families and 28% of the population were below the poverty line, including 53% of those under age 18 and 18% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature Fall River Mills is in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Ted Gaines,[5] and the 1st Assembly District, represented by Republican Brian Dahle.[6]

Federally, Fall River Mills is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa.[7]

Plans for the Incorporation of the Fall River Mills communities into a City or Town were started. Stemming from public outcry due to development plans and a need for the local communities to maintain control over the area. Formation of a Municipal Advisory Council or MAC is ongoing. The MAC will be the political and authoritative voice of the Fall River Mills communities to not only Shasta County but the State of California. Plans are also being drafted for the implementation of several municipal services to include but not be limited to, Parks & Recreation, Police Department, Transportation, Community Facilities, Animal Control, Cemetery, Fire and Emergency Services. These are just a few of the services listed as proposed by the town of Fall River Mills and the Fall River Valley Community Services District. Areas proposed for inclusion in the incorporation are the communities of Fall River Mills, McArthur, Pittville, Glenburn and Dana.

Recreation[edit]

The Fall River Valley offers recreation for people of all ages and backgrounds with opportunities being numerous. These include many annual events, festivals and fairs. The Fall River Valley is home to a World Class Golf course. multiple locations for Mountain Climbing and Spelunking. Sport angling including Fly Fishing, with several tournaments and derbies held each year. Hunting in the Fall River Valley offers several big game species and upland game and waterfowl.

Boating and Canoeing are popular in the Fall River Valley as it is home to several Lakes including Fall River Lake, Eastman Lake and Big Lake. White Water Rafting is among several popular sporting activities that take advantage of the river systems in the valley. These tributaries include the Fall River, Tule River, Ja-She Creek, Lava Creek, Bear Creek, Shelly Creek and Pit River. Together they span much of the Valley forming one of the largest systems of fresh water springs in the country. These waters culminate in a splendid waterfall south of the Town of Fall River Mills and again at a viewing point off State Highway 299 West of Fall River Mills. The Valley is home to the Ahjumawi Lava Springs State Park, located north of the Fall River-McArthur Town Center. This state park is unique in that it is accessible only by water.

Local arts and culture can be viewed in several artists galleries and gift shops throughout the community. Equestrian and Rodeo Events are held throughout the year with the Intermountain Fair Rodeo being the mainstay event.

Several parks are situated throughout the community, offering family activities and sporting venues. These include Clark Field, Fall River Lions Community Park and the Joe Bruce Sports Complex.

Cycling has been extremely popular in the Valley for over a decade. hundreds of cyclists come from throughout the country each year to participate in the Fall River Century Bike Ride which is held in late spring.

Tourism[edit]

The town of Fall River Mills is located in the Fall River Valley, between the two volcanic mountain peaks of Mount Shasta and Mount Lassen.

Fall River is spring-fed stream that winds for 16 miles (26 km), mostly through private agricultural land with access points open to the public. The river has rainbow trout fishing holes. Fall River is piped through Saddle Mountain, to end at the Pit 1 Power House. There is white water rafting and fly fishing on the creeks in the area.[8]

The weather can be very cold in the winter, while the spring, summer, and early fall has warm days and cool nights. The town is a traditional Northern California agricultural community. It is known for its wild rice, cattle, hay, lavender, and mint.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ Shasta County D.P.W,http://www.co.shasta.ca.us/index/pw_index/plans_programs/frm_airport.aspx, April, 2010
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  5. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  7. ^ "California's 1st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013. 
  8. ^ Shasta Search,http://shastasearch.com/cityinfo-city_name-Fall%20River%20Mills.htm, January, 2011

External links[edit]

Gallery[edit]