||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (July 2014)|
Eyelash extensions are any number of enhancements designed to add length, thickness and fullness to natural eyelashes. They may be compared to hair extensions for one's eyelashes. They can be separated into two types: temporary and semi-permanent.
The invention and use of false eyelashes began in 1916 when director D.W. Griffith was making his film Intolerance. He wanted actress Seena Owen to have lashes "that brushed her cheeks, to make her eyes shine larger than life." The first false eyelashes were made of human hair woven through fine gauze by a local wig maker. They were then attached to Owen's eyes.
Types of lashes
Temporary false lashes are any lashes designed to be worn for a short period;1-2 days. They can be made with human hair, or with synthetic materials. They are not designed to be worn when showering, sleeping or swimming. They are applied with lash glue designed specifically for temporary lashes. Permanent lashes, also known as eyelash extensions, are lashes applied with a stronger adhesive. Generally, a single lash is applied to each natural lash; when applied properly, neither the extension lash nor the glue should touch the eyelid; however, slight irritation and watering of the eye may occur if the glue does come into contact with the eye. The bond is designed to last until the lashes naturally fall out, though the extensions may fall out faster if one uses oil-based eye makeup remover or rubs eyes regularly, as oil weakens the bond between the glue and the lash. Eyelash extensions create thick, black lashes that remain on for 3-4 weeks. To keep the eyelashes full, one should get them refilled every month. Eyelash extensions are waterproof. Unlike temporary lashes, you can get them wet and they will not fall out or bleed like mascara. Even if someone has no makeup on it will appear as if they are wearing mascara. To keep your eyelashes maintained, one should not rub on their eyes or wear any mascara. Instead, you should use make up remover wipes and avoid rubbing around the eye area.
For both types, eyelashes come in various lengths, colors and thicknesses, from natural-looking to outrageous.
A set of new eyelash extensions can run anywhere from $100 to $500 in the United States, depending on the type and number of lashes used, the skill of the cosmetician and the venue where extensions are performed. It usually takes an hour to two hours to attach a full new set. An average person might have anywhere from thirty to eighty lashes per eye. The variance in the number of lashes accounts for the difference in how long it takes to apply them. Eyelash extensions usually last around 3-4 weeks, after which you will notice that the eyelash extensions have started falling out or thinning. Instead of going to get another full set, you can go get a refill which is typically much cheaper than the initial set. As long as you keep getting a refill every month you won't ever have to get a full-set and it will save you money in the long run.
Negative impact of wearing eyelash extensions
Dr. Rick Fraunfelder at OHSU’s Casey Eye Institute says the lashes aren't sterile, and the poly-nylon blend ones, especially, can lead to infections. Franufelder manifested that spaces in the fibers allow bacteria to reside because the wet and warm environment of eyelash margin favors bacteria to thrive. Despite different kinds of lashes, using eyelash extension with the glue that is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) may cause allergic reaction, either locally or body-wide. Fraunfelder explained that people would lose their real eyelashes permanently due to the improper the pull of the eyelash extension, and eventually eyelash dropout over time from chronic use. However, other sources in rebuttal state that eyelashes themselves aren't sterile, and allergic reactions to the glue (which is not applied to the skin itself) is rare.
Eyelash extensions training and certification
Professionals trained in Lash Artistry go by various titles including "Lash Technicians", "Lash Artists", and "Lash Stylists". There are various companies that provide training and certification for potential Eyelash Extensions Technicians. In the UK, the Guild of Professional Beauty Therapists accredit courses for the safe application of semi-permanent individual eyelash extensions. The value of the course content can be judged by the number of CPD (Continued Professional Development) points that the course is awarded.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eyelash extensions.|