Family nurse practitioner
Family Nurse Practitioner Lt. Cmdr. Michael Service cares for a young girl at the U.S. Naval Hospital (USNH) Yokosuka.
|healthcare, advanced practice registered nurse|
|Master's degree or Doctorate degree|
|nurse midwife, nurse anesthetist, clinical nurse specialist|
A family nurse practitioner (FNP) is a nurse practitioner that specializes in continuing and comprehensive healthcare for the individual and family across all ages, genders, diseases, and body systems. The primary care speciality emphasises the holistic nature of health and is based on knowledge of the patient in the context of the family and the community, emphasizing disease prevention and health promotion.
Education and board certification
Following educational preparation at the master's or doctoral level, FNPs must become board certified by an approved certification body. Board certification must be maintained by obtaining continuing nursing education credits. In the US, board certification is provided either through the American Nurses Credentialing Center (awards the FNP-BC credential) or through the American Association of Nurse Practitioners certification program (awards the NP-C credential).
Scope of practice
FNPs deliver a range of acute, chronic and preventive healthcare services. In addition to diagnosing and treating illness, they also provide preventive care, including routine checkups, health-risk assessments, immunization and screening tests, and personalized counseling on maintaining a healthy lifestyle. FNPs also manage chronic illness, often coordinating care provided by specialty physicians.
- "Nurse Practitioner Primary Care Competencies in Specialty Areas". US Department of Health and Human Services. April 2002. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
- "NP Certifying Bodies". National Organization of Nurse Practitioner Faculties. Retrieved 12 January 2014.