Family of Barrau
The patronymic name, Barrau, is of Gallo-Roman origin. The Gaulish root Barr indicates an obstacle, a difficult place of access. The Gaulish language belongs to the Celtic branch of the Indo-European language family. This name is relatively widespread in Europe : Barro in Spain and in Portugal ; Barrow in England ; Barrau, Barreau, Barrot, Barraud, Barraux ..., in France.
Short history of the House of Barrau
The earliest record of this family is in Rouergue and dates to the 13th century.
In the 16th century, the family began to be accepted into the nobility. This is evidenced by the family increasingly taking on privileges and responsibilities commonly associated with the nobility. These include formal qualification into the ranks of the nobility, ritualized homage and patronage to other noble families, service in the armies for the King, church privileges, payment of noble capitation and other taxes reserved for the nobility, and an established pattern of significant familial alliances.
Titles of nobility : marquis of Carmaux and barons of Jouqueviel by heritages for 18th century.
- Guyon de Barrau (1613-1703), September 19, 1699, Guyon de Barrau is maintained in its nobility by the Intendant of the generality of Montauban, Lepelletier de La Houssaye, on evidence of 1536 and 1539.
- Pierre de Barrau de Caplongue (1731-1816), Initially musketeer in the second company of the King Louis XV, then captain of Dragons. In 1789, he is one of the writers (with the count de Freyssinet, the marquis de Saint-Côme (Castelnau), the count de Montvalat, the count du Bosc, the baron de Saint-Rome, the viscount de Parlan, the knight de Dourdou-Bourzès) of the Book of the complaints and remonstrances about the nobility of the seneschalsy of Rodez for the State-Generals of the kingdom. In Rodez, with the meeting of July 24, 1789, he is indicated secretary of the Order. In 1792, he emigrates in Germany.
- Pierre de Barrau de Saint-Igest (1736-1788), was a Bodyguard of the King Louis XV.
- Jean Antoine de Barrau (1737-1795), In 1765, by letter of cachet, he makes lock up his wife (Pauline de Solages) with the convent. The brother of his wife is him imprisoned with the Bastille in a dungeon close to that of the marquis de Sade, he will be released in triumph by the parisian population on July 14, 1789. Comment of the business : "The Business of Solages can take row among the most famous stories of letters of cachet, between that of Latude and that of the marquis de Sade. And it impassioned almost on the same basis numbers scholars, researchers and the curious one. It is interesting initially by the mystery which still planes on all this dark machination ; this mystery can it light somewhat in the light of the parts of the Files of Haute-Garonne, which we publish, with the continuation, completely ? It shows us in all cases, on the sharp one, the moderating and enlightened action of one subdelegated intelligent, Ginesty, honest and penetrating lawyer ; ineffective action, of the remainder, because it appears to encounter powerful preventions, with this kind of inertia which the administration opposes when it realizes of a heavy fault or a great injustice, and also with a complicated network of intrigues." (Auguste Puis, Letters of cachet in Toulouse at the eighteenth century, according to the documents preserved at the Files of Haute-Garonne).
- Pierre de Barrau (1761-1829), Bodyguard of the King Louis XVI. His family have to suffer much from the French revolution. The family castle was set fire to by the revolutionists the November 1, 1793, the goods of the family plundered, her imprisoned members, and Pierre Firmin Marie de Barrau was tracked and obliged to hide during long month in order to escape the revolutionary Tribunal.
- Hippolyte de Barrau (1794-1863), After the military special school of Saint-Cyr, he is bodyguard of the King Louis XVIII, officer of cavalry, fights several times in duel, chevalier of the Legion of Honour, chevalier of the Faith (Fualdès business - plot of Goudalie), founder and writer of Gazette of Rouergue newspaper legitimist, historian and genealogist, adviser then secretary-general of the Prefecture of Aveyron, founder and first president of the Company of the Letters, Sciences and Arts of Aveyron in 1836, member of several learned societies, general adviser.
- Victor de Barrau (1796-1825), was a Bodyguard of the King Louis XVIII, chouan.
- Eugène de Barrau (1801-1887), Bachelor of law, lawyer, historian, vice-president of the Company of the Letters, Sciences and Arts of Aveyron, general adviser, founder and writer of the Echo of Aveyron newspaper legitimist, principal leader of the movement legitimist in Aveyron, fulfills a secret mission near Henri, Count of Chambord, in 1852.
- Adolphe de Barrau (1803-1884), Graduate of medicine at the university of Montpellier, he is a surgeon of the royal Navy, and for this reason he takes part in the conquest of Algiers in June 1830. He is member of the Company of natural history of Montpellier and of the Botanical Company of France, he is one of the founders and member of the Company of the Letters, Sciences and Arts of Aveyron, general adviser. In 1839 and 1840, he is member as a naturalist and a botanist of the scientific Commission of exploration of Algeria chaired by the colonel Bory de Saint-Vincent and one of the heiresses of famous Commission of Egypt. On its return in France, he will maintain a correspondence followed with scientists his time, such Marcel de Serres, Dunal, Moquin-Tandon, Bory de Saint-Vincent, Girou de Buzareingues.
- Fernand de Barrau (1851-1938), Bachelor of law, lawyer, historian, agronomist, writer of Journal of Aveyron newspaper catholic and royalist, member of the Company of the Letters, Sciences and Arts of Aveyron and of the central Company of Agriculture of Aveyron.
- Jean de Barrau (1889-1914), Member of the management Committee of the national Federation of the Street pedlars of the King, and particular secretary of Philippe, Duke of Orléans.
- Paul de Barrau (1891-1916), Founder and president of group Action Française of Rodez in 1909.
- Auguste Puis, Letters of cachet in Toulouse at the eighteenth century, according to the documents preserved at the Files of Haute-Garonne
- National Library of France, Chérin 15 and French manuscrit 32296
- Hippolyte de Barrau, History families of Rouergue
- Henry Bedel, Three historians of Barrau
- Monique Dondin-Payre, Scientific Commission of exploration of Algeria : an ignored heiress of the Commission of Egypt