Family of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge
|Family of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge|
|Current region||Bucklebury, West Berkshire, England|
|Earlier spellings||Middeltone, Mideltuna, Middeltune|
|Place of origin||United Kingdom|
|Notable members||Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge
James William Middleton
|Connected families||Lupton, Goldsmith|
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, is a member of the Middleton family, the daughter of Michael and Carole Middleton and sister of Pippa and James. Shortly before her royal wedding to Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, in April 2011, a coat of arms was granted to her father Michael Francis Middleton as the armigerous head of the family of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge.
Michael Francis Middleton was born in Leeds in 1949, the son of a pilot. His grandfather Noel Middleton was a solicitor. Like his father, Peter Francis Middleton and grandfather Noel, Michael was educated at Clifton College. At Clifton, all three Middleton men boarded at Brown House.
It was reported in June 2014, that Michael's great grandfather, politician Francis Martineau Lupton, was the first cousin of Sir Thomas Martineau, whose nephew was Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain.
Carole Elizabeth Middleton (née Goldsmith) was born on 31 January 1955 at Perivale Maternity Hospital in Ealing. The daughter of a builder, Ronald Goldsmith (1931–2003), and his wife, Dorothy Harrison (1935–2006), she was raised in a council flat in Southall, and attended the local state school.
The couple met when they both worked for British Airways (BA) – Carole as a stewardess, Michael as a steward. In 1979, Michael was promoted within BA and became an Aircraft Dispatcher, one of British Airways' elite Redcaps, at London Heathrow Airport, where he kept track of the airline's fleet on the ground. The couple were married on 21 June 1980, at the parish church of St James in Dorney, Buckinghamshire. They bought a semi-detached Victorian house in Bradfield Southend near Reading, Berkshire.
The couple have three children (two daughters and one son). Following the birth of their daughters Catherine Elizabeth (born 1982) and Philippa Charlotte (born 1983), the family briefly moved to Amman, Jordan, where Michael worked from 1984 to 1987.
Their third and youngest child, a son named James William, was born in 1987. In 1987, when Kate and Philippa were at a pre-school at St Andrew's School, Pangbourne, Carole set up Party Pieces, a company which began by making party bags and which now sells party supplies and decorations by mail order. By 1995, the firm was being run by both parents and was moved into a range of farm buildings at Ashampstead Common. The family moved into a larger five-bedroomed house in Bucklebury, Berkshire. The business was successful, and over the space of a few years the Middletons are reported to have become very wealthy. As a result, the Middletons sent both of their daughters to the independent Downe House, a girls' boarding school in Cold Ash, and finally the public school Marlborough College, Wiltshire.
Shortly before his elder daughter's royal marriage, Michael was granted a coat of arms. This features three acorn sprigs, one for each of his children. The oak represents England and strength as well as the family's home district of West Berkshire. The white chevronels symbolise peaks and mountains, said to represent the family's love of the Lake District and skiing, and the gold chevron represents Carole Middleton's maiden name of Goldsmith.
The Middletons' first daughter, Catherine Elizabeth "Kate" Middleton, now known as HRH The Duchess of Cambridge, was born on 9 January 1982. After finishing at Marlborough, she went to study at University of St Andrews. It was here, while living at St Salvator's Hall, that she met Prince William. After a long relationship, and a six-month engagement, she married Prince William at Westminster Abbey on 29 April 2011.
In December 2012, it was announced that Catherine and William were expecting their first child; Catherine gave birth to a son, Prince George of Cambridge, on 22 July 2013, who is third in line to the throne.
Their second daughter, Philippa Charlotte "Pippa" Middleton, born on 6 September 1983, attended the same schools as her sister Kate and then studied English literature at the University of Edinburgh. There she shared a house with Lord Ted Innes-Ker, a son of the Duke of Roxburghe, and with Earl Percy, heir of the Duke of Northumberland. Following graduation, in 2008 she took an events management / marketing job with Table Talk, a London-based events catering company. She also writes for Spectator, Vanity Fair and The Party Times, an online magazine which is an off-shoot of her parents' company.
James William Middleton, their youngest child and only son, was born on 15 April 1987. He was educated at St Andrew's School, Pangbourne, and Marlborough College. He started a degree in Environmental Resources Management at the University of Edinburgh before leaving in 2006 after one year to start his own cake-making business, the Cake Kit Company. His company was later reported to have lost nearly £17,000 by April 2012.
Middleton is a habitational surname originating from numerous different places in England and in southern Scotland. There are over 30 places similarly named which are derived from the Old English elements: midel + tūn (middle + enclosure, settlement); although some other places have different origins and derived from other elements, such as: micel (large, great), or *(ge)mȳthel (confluence). Early recorded instances of the surname are: de Mideltone in 1166, within the Eynsham Cartulary; de Midilton in 1221, within a charter to the Abbey of Arbroath; and de Midelton in 1327, within the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex.
Michael Middleton's family line came from Leeds in Yorkshire: his grandfather Richard Noel, great-grandfather John and great-great-grandfather William, were all solicitors in that part of England. Richard Noel was later a managing director of William Lupton and Sons Ltd., the wool manufacturing firm which his wife Olive, had inherited in 1921. Michael's father Peter was an Oxford University educated pilot who flew alongside Prince Philip as co-pilot on a two-month flying tour of South America in 1962. British Pathe newsreel film shows Middleton alongside the Prince during the tour.
Michael's mother, Valerie Glassborow (1924-2006), who would later marry Peter Middleton, worked at the Second World War Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) in Bletchley Park, along with her twin sister, Mary. The codebreaking regularly penetrated the secret communications of the Axis Powers – most importantly the German Enigma and Lorenz ciphers and is the birthplace of the world's first programmable, digital, electronic computer: Colossus.
Peter Middleton's mother Olive was a member of the Lupton family who, according to City of Leeds archives, were "woollen manufacturers and landed gentry; a political and business dynasty". They were active in commercial and municipal work, especially education, housing, and public health, for several generations. They were prominent Unitarians, a branch of English Dissenters, and worshipped at the Mill Hill Chapel, where a stained glass window commemorates the family.
Olive's father was Francis Martineau Lupton who, along with his four brothers, grew up at Beechwood, the family seat in Roundhay. Two of his brothers became Lord Mayor of Leeds – Sir Charles (founder of the law firm DLA Piper) in 1915 and Hugh in 1926. In their official roles they played host to royalty. In July 2013 it was reported that British Pathe discovered newsreel footage from 1927 of a royal visit in which Mary, The Princess Royal, and her husband Lord Harewood are being greeted by the incumbent Lord Mayor of Leeds, Hugh Lupton.
Francis Martineau Lupton's mother was Frances, a pioneer of girls' education who co-founded Leeds Girls' High School. Her father was Thomas Michael Greenhow of Newcastle, where he founded its medical school in 1834. Her maternal family was the Martineau dynasty of Birmingham, with the sociologist Harriet especially close to her.
The Rev. Thomas Davis, a Church of England hymn-writer is also Kate's paternal ancestor. Genealogical research by William Addams Reitwiesner published in 2011 found that Catherine is descended from Sir Thomas Fairfax (c.1475–1520) and his wife Agnes Gascoigne, an ancestor of Diana, Princess of Wales, and a descendant of Edward III, via Michael Middleton's grandmother Olive Lupton. This makes Catherine and Prince William fourteenth cousins once removed.
The paternal Goldsmith family of Carole Middleton came from London. Carole's maternal family, the Harrisons, were working-class labourers and miners from Sunderland and County Durham two generations before.
According to genealogists Patrick Cracroft-Brennan and Anthony Adolph, Carole and hence Catherine descend from Elizabeth Plantagenet, Edward IV's illegitimate daughter by Elizabeth Lucy, via Sir Thomas Conyers, 9th Bt. of Horden, Durham. Catherine and Prince William's closest common ancestors are Sir William Blakiston of Whickham and his wife Jane Lambton, making them eleventh cousins once removed, echoing Christopher Challender Child's research, originally published in 2011.
|Ancestors of the Middleton siblings|
Television and film portrayals
William & Kate, a television movie about Catherine's romance, was released on 18 April 2011, with Catherine and William played by Camilla Luddington and Nico Evers-Swindell respectively. Other members of the Middleton family were played by: Christopher Cousins (Michael Middleton), Serena Scott Thomas (Carole Middleton), Mary Elise Hayden (Pippa Middleton), and Calvin Goldspink (James Middleton). A number of television programmes were also shown in the UK before the wedding which provided deeper insights into the couple's relationship and backgrounds, including When Kate Met William and Channel 4's Meet the Middletons.
- "The Arms of Miss Catherine Middleton". College of Arms. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- Rayner, Gordon (16 November 2010). "Royal wedding: Kate Middleton's family background". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 4 May 2011.
- "Welcome". The Old Cliftonian Society. Clifton College, Bristol - UK. September 2013. Retrieved July 19, 2014. "Michael left Brown's in 1967, and with his two brothers, was the third generation of Middletons at Clifton."
- Wharton, Jane. "Kate Middleton is a Brummie and related to Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain". Daily Express, June 4, 2014 - page 3. Daily Express UK. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
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- Levy, Geoffrey; Kay, Richard (17 April 2011). "Kate Middleton's character shaped by generations of social-climbing matriarchs". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 4 May 2011.
- Joseph, Claudia (21 November 2010). "The intriguing story of the woman who gave Kate her looks – and family wealth". Daily Mail. Retrieved 22 November 2010.
- Party Pieces Princess in News of the World (21 November 2010), pg. 4
- "Royal wedding: profile of Kate Middleton". The Daily Telegraph (London). 29 April 2011. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
- About us at partypieces.co.uk. Retrieved 19 February 2011
- Profiles: Kate Middleton in Hello! dated August 2001
- "Generation why-should-I?". The Scotsman (Edinburgh). 11 June 2008. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
- "Royal wedding: Family's badge of honour for Kate Middleton". The Scotsman. 20 April 2011.
- Brennan, Zoe (19 March 2011). "The family fortune of the minted Middletons". The Telegraph. Retrieved 16 July 2013. "The Luptons were an upper-middle-class family of merchants and property developers. While not aristocrats, they were definitely genteel."
- Pelling, Rowan (13 July 2013). "Carole Middleton will be a key figure in the royal baby's upbringing". The Telegraph. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- Heaven, Will. "Catherine Elizabeth "Kate" Middleton". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 4 May 2011.
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- Welcome to the Firm at channel4.com. Retrieved 4 January 2011
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- Jessica Fellowes (1 October 2008). "The 'posh-preneurs' who mean business". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- Rayner, Gordon (26 February 2013). "Duchess of Cambridge's brother James Middleton 'not concerned' about cake firm's £17,000 loss". The Telegraph. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- Anita Singh (29 April 2011). "Pippa Middleton shines as maid of honour". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- Tim Ross (29 April 2011). "How Kate Middleton's brother risks upsetting the Prince of Wales". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- "Learn about the family history of your surname". Ancestry.com. Retrieved 30 May 2011. This website cited the following book for the surname Middleton: Dictionary of American Family Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-508137-4.
- "Middleton". Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 30 May 2011. This website cited the following book for the place name Middleton: A Dictionary of British Place-Names. Oxford University Press. 2003.
- Reaney, Percy Hilde (1995). Wilson, Richard Middlewood, ed. A Dictionary of English Surnames (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 308–309. ISBN 0-19-863146-4.
- Black, George Fraser Black (1946). The Surnames of Scotland. New York: New York Public Library. pp. 599–600.
- Leeds Intelligencer West Yorkshire, Yorkshire Post. "July 3rd, 1951 - Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer West Yorkshire, England". Genes Re-united. Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer West Yorkshire, England UK. Retrieved August 31, 2014. "He (Mr R. Noel Middleton) practised as a solicitor in Leeds, but after the First World War joined William Lupton and Co. Ltd., the Leeds and Pudsey woollen manufacturers, of whom (he) became director."
- A photographic archive of Leeds, Leodis. "Potternewton Hall, entrance gates". Leodis. UK Gov - Leeds City Council. Retrieved August 31, 2014. "In 1921, Mrs Olive Middleton and her sister, Miss Anne Lupton, inherited both the woollen cloth manufacturing business from their father, Francis Martineau Lupton"
- Sparkes, Matthew. "Pictured: Royal couple's grandparents' jet-age meeting". UK Daily Telegraph. UK Daily Telegraph, 22nd April, 2014. Retrieved August 31, 2014.
- Rayner, Gordon (21 June 2013). "How the family of 'commoner' Kate Middleton has been rubbing shoulders with royalty for a century". The Telegraph. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- Eun Kyung Kim (2014-06-18). "Duchess Kate visits WWII codebreaking site where grandmother worked". Today (U.S. TV program). Retrieved 2014-06-18.
- "Headingley Castle – "The Luptons of Leeds were landed gentry; a political and business dynasty"". Leodis – A photographic Archive of Leeds. Leeds City Council UK Gov. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- Mill Hill Chapel History on the church website.Mill Hill Chapel History
- "Elmete Lane, Beechwood, aerial view". Leodis – A photographic Archive of Leeds. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- "Footage found of Duchess of Cambridge's ancestors – meeting royalty". London Evening Standard. 9 July 2013. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
- Reitwiesner, William Addams (2011). Child, Christopher Challender, ed. The Ancestry of Catherine Middleton. Scott Campbell Steward. Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-88082-252-7.
- "Reverend Thomas Davis". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 23 March 2011.[unreliable source]
- Reitwiesner, William Addams (2011). Child, Christopher Challender, ed. The Ancestry of Catherine Middleton. Scott Campbell Steward. Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-88082-252-7.
- "Olive Christiana Lupton". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 23 March 2011.[unreliable source]
- Reitwiesner, William Addams (2011). Child, Christopher Challender, ed. The Ancestry of Catherine Middleton. Scott Campbell Steward. Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society. pp. 116–119. ISBN 978-0-88082-252-7.
- "The Ancestry of Catherine Middleton". New England Historic Genealogical Society. 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2013. "Prince William and Kate Middleton are fourteenth cousins once removed through Diana, Princess of Wales (pp. 116–17), and fifteenth cousins twice removed through Charles, The Prince of Wales (pp. 118–19)"
- Cracroft-Brennan, Patrick (28 April 2011). "Royal Wedding: William and Kate are (very) distant cousins". Channel 4. Retrieved 7 October 2013. "'This makes William and Kate fourteenth cousins once removed through his mother and fifteenth cousins through his father.'"
- Wilson, Christopher (22 December 2006). "Kate, the coal miner's girl". Daily Mail (London).
- Cracroft-Brennan, Patrick (22 July 2013). "How royal is the royal baby?". Channel 4. Retrieved 11 October 2013. "'This ups the game a little – making the pair 11th cousins once removed.'"
- Turner, Robin (31 July 2013). "Prince George related to Llywelyn the Great, claims genealogist". WalesOnline. Media Wales. Retrieved 13 October 2013. "'This means that Prince George's parents William and Kate are related to each other through Edward IV'"
- Child, Christopher Challender (Fall 2011). "A Gratifying Discovery: Connecting Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, to Sir Thomas Conyers, 9th Bt. of Horden, Durham". American Ancestors (New England Historic Genealogical Society) 12 (4): 35–36. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- "The arms of Miss Catherine Middleton". College of Arms. 1 May 2011.
- William and Kate Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 19 February 2011
- Rewind TV: When Kate Met William; Kate and William: Romance and the Royals; The Suspicions of Mr Whicher; The Crimson Petal and the White The Observer, 1 May 2011
- TV review: Meet the Middletons; Help! My House is Infested; The Reckoning The Guardian, 18 April 2011
- Hall, Coryne (October 2013). "Well Connected". Majesty (London: Rex Publications Limited) 34 (10): 38–39. "The Duchess of Cambridge may have working-class ancestors but she has distinguished ones too."
- William Addams Reitwiesner and Michael J. Woods. Ancestry of the Duchess of Cambridge.
- "Royal wedding: Family tree", BBC News, 13 April 2011
- Cracroft's Peerage – Catherine Middleton
- The Ancestry of H.R.H. Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, by Anthony Adolph