Prince of Antioch

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Family tree of the Princes of Antioch

Prince of Antioch was the title given during the Middle Ages to Norman rulers of the region surrounding Antioch, now known as Antakya in Turkey.[1] The Princes originally came from the County of Sicily in Southern Italy. After 1130 and until 1816 this county was known as the Kingdom of Sicily. Prince Bohemond IV of Antioch additionally came into possession of the County of Tripoli, combining these two Crusader states for the rest of their histories. Antioch had been the chief city of the region since the time of the Roman Empire. When the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt drove out the Knights in 1268, they largely destroyed the city to deny access to the region in the event that the Crusaders returned.

Princes and Titular Princes of Antioch[edit]

Princes of Antioch, 1098–1268[edit]

Prince, reign Birth Marriage(s) Death
Bohemond I
1098–1111
c. 1058
San Marco Argentano, Calabria
son of Robert Guiscard, Duke of Apulia and Calabria & Alberada of Buonalbergo
Princess Constance of France
25 March-26 May 1106
two sons
3 March 1111
Bari, Apulia
aged about 53
Tancred, Prince of Galilee acted as regent 1100–1103 and 1105–1112.
Bohemond II
1111–1130
1108
Apulia
son of Prince Bohemond I and Constance of France
Princess Alice of Jerusalem
1126
one daughter
February 1130
Mamistra, Cilicia
aged about 22
Roger of Salerno acted as regent 1112–1119; King Baldwin II of Jerusalem acted as regent 1119–1126 and 1130–1131.
Constance
1130–1163
with Raymond 1136–1149
with Raynald 1153–1160
1127
daughter of Prince Bohemond II and Agnes of Jerusalem
Raymond of Poitiers
1136
three children

Raynald of Châtillon
1153
one daughter
1163
aged about 36
Fulk, King of Jerusalem acted as regent 1131–1136.
Raymond
1136–1149
with Constance
c. 1115
Poitiers, Aquitaine
son of William IX, Duke of Aquitaine and Philippa of Toulouse
Constance, Princess of Antioch
1136
three children
29 June 1149
Inab, Syria
aged about 34
Raynald
1153–1160
with Constance
c. 1125 Constance, Princess of Antioch
1153
one daughter

Stephanie, Lady of Oultrejordain
1175
two children
4 July 1187
Hittin, Kingdom of Jerusalem
aged about 62
Bohemond III
1163–1201
1144
son of Prince Raymond and Princess Constance
Orguilleuse d'Harenc
c. 1169
two sons

Theodora Komnene
c. 1176
two children

Sibylle
c. 1181
two children

Isabella
c. 1199
one son
1201
aged about 57
Bohemond III's eldest son Raymond IV, Count of Tripoli acted as regent 1193–1194.
Bohemond IV
1201–1216
1219–1233
c. 1172
son of Prince Bohemond III and Orguilleuse d'Harenc
Plaisance Embracio de Giblet
bef. 21 August 1198
six children

Princess Melisende of Jerusalem
January 1218
three daughters
March 1233
aged about 61
Raymond-Roupen
1216–1219
1199
son of Raymond IV, Count of Tripoli and Alice of Armenia
Princess Helvis of Cyprus
c. 1210
two daughters
c. 1221
Armenia
aged about 22
Bohemond V
1233–1252
1199
son of Prince Bohemond IV and Plaisance Embracio de Giblet
Alice of Champagne
July 1225
no children

Luciana di Segni
1235
two children
January 1252
Antioch
aged about 53
Bohemond VI
1252–1268
c. 1237
son of Prince Bohemond V and Luciana di Segni
Princess Sibylla of Armenia
1254
four children
1275
aged about 38

Titular Princes of Antioch 1268–1457[edit]

Titular Prince, reign Birth Marriage(s) Death
Bohemond VI
1268–1275
c. 1237
son of Prince Bohemond V and Luciana di Segni
Princess Sibylla of Armenia
1254
four children
1275
aged about 38
Bohemond VII
1275–1287
1261
son of Prince Bohemond VI and Sibylla of Armenia
Margaret of Acre
no children
19 October 1287
aged about 26
Lucia
1287–c. 1299
daughter of Prince Bohemond VI and Sibylla of Armenia Narjot de Toucy
c. 1278
one son
after 1292
Philip
c.1299–1300
after 1278
Auxerre
son of Narjot de Toucy and Princess Lucia
Princess Eleanor of Hungary
1299
no children
1300
Here the empty title passes to the Kings of Cyprus and Jerusalem.
Marguerite
1300–1308
c. 1244
daughter of Henry of Poitiers and Princess Isabella of Cyprus
Jean de Montfort
22 September 1268
no children
1308
aged about 74
John I (of Lusignan)
bef. 1364–1375
c. 1329
son of Hugh IV, King of Cyprus and Alix of Ibelin
Princess Constance of Sicily
1343
no children

Alice of Ibelin
1350
one son
1375
aged about 46
John II
bef. 1432–1432
as Crown Prince of Cyprus
16 May 1418
son of Janus, King of Cyprus and Charlotte of Bourbon
Amadea Palaiologina of Montferrat
3 July 1440
no children

Helena Palaiologina
3 February 1442
two daughters
28 July 1458
aged 40
John III (of Coimbra)
c. 1456–1457
1431
son of Infante Peter, Duke of Coimbra and Isabella of Urgell
Princess Charlotte of Cyprus
1456
no children
1457
Nicosia, Kingdom of Cyprus
aged about 26

Vassals of Antioch[edit]

Lords of Saône[edit]

The Lordship of Saône was centered on the castle of Saône, but included the towns of Sarmada (lost in 1134) and Balatanos. Saône was captured by Saladin from the last lord, Matthew, in 1188.

  • Robert "the Leprous" (d. 1119)
  • William (1119–1132)
  • Matthew

Great Officers of Antioch[edit]

Main article: Officers of the Principality of Antioch

Like Jerusalem, Antioch had its share of great officers, including Constable, Marshal, Seneschal, Duc, Vicomte, Butler, Chamberlain, and Chancellor.

Footnotes[edit]