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Fanaa (Arabic: فناء fanāʾ ) is the Sufi term for "dissolution" or "annihilation" (of the self) or Muraqaba. It means to dissolve the ego self, while remaining physically alive. Persons having entered this enlightenment state obtain awareness of the intrinsic unity (Tawhid) between Allah and all that exists, including the individual's mind. It is coupled conceptually with baqaa, subsistence, which is the state of pure consciousness of and abidance in God.
The word fanāʾ (فناء) itself does not appear in the Qurʾān; however, the active participle fān (فان) of the verb on which it's based appears in Surat al-Rahman 55:26-28: “Everyone upon the earth will perish (fānin), and there will remain (yabqá) the Face of your Lord, Owner of Majesty and Honor. So which of the favors of your Lord would you deny?”
|Sufism and Tariqa|