Fani Badayuni

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Fani badayuni
Born Shaukat Ali Khan
1879
Badaun, United Provinces, British India
Died 27 August 1961 (aged 82)
Hyderabad
Occupation Urdu poet, lawyer
Nationality Indian
Alma mater Aligarh Muslim University
Genre Ghazal, Nazm

Fani Badayuni born Shaukat Ali Khan (1879 - 27 August 1961) (Urdu شوکت علی خان فانی بدایونی ) was a noted Urdu poet.[1] He was the second most celebrated son of the sleepy Awadh town.[2]

Early life[edit]

Shaukat Ali Khan Fani Badayuni was born in Islamnagar, Badaun, Uttar Pradesh, (then United Provinces) to Shujath Ali Khan, a Zamindar and later with the police as Thanedar (SHO). His great grandfather, Nawab Akbar Ali Khan, had lost his property during the Indian Mutiny. He was schooled at Government Height School and graduated from Barreilly College in 1901, studied law at Aligarh Muslim University, earning L.L.B.degree in 1906.

Career[edit]

Fani started composing poetry around twenty years of age.[3] He translated works of Shakespeare and Milton in Urdu. He practiced law in Bareilly and Lucknow and later at Civil courts in Agra, but could not make much success. He published a Urdu magazine but closed in 1931.

In Hyderabad Deccan[edit]

He migrated to Hyderabad Deccan after The Nizam's Diwan Maharaja Kishan Prasad 'Shad', an Urdu lover and poet, got Fani appointed in the department of Education.[4]

He was initially offered to join as a munsif (Judge)as he was a Law Graduate. But Fani did not accept it since he was moving from the city. He later accepted the post of a school head master in Hyderabad. During the day, fani would attend school and at night would attend Moazzam Jah's court till early hours. These late nights did not give him enough time to continue at school as head master, he would sleep at the office chair. News spread that he was removed from the post.

Fani was associated with the Junior Prince Moazzam Jah's nocturnal court throughout his life in Hyderabad. With him at the court were Josh Malihabadi, Sadiq Jaisi, Maher Ul Quadri and others.

Style[edit]

Fani belonged to the Ghalib's tradition of Urdu poetry. It will be more appropriate to place Fani in the category of what is known in Urdu as Sahib-e-gham because he was a poet of pathos. This tradition in Urdu poetry is headed by Mir Taqi Mir, hence he belongs to Mir's tradition as well.

He wrote poems after death of his beloved daughter. Fani was a highly emotional and he loved Hyderabad and the society and lived there till his death in 1941.

Bibliography[edit]

His first collection of poems was published in 1917 from Badaun by Naqib Press. His other published works are:-

  • Baqiyat-e-Fani (1926) published by Maktab-e-Agra
  • Irfaniyat-e-Fani (1938) published by Anjuman Taraqqi Urdu[5]
  • Fani ki nadir tahriren: Havashi, tasrihat aur tanqidi ja'ize ke sath by Shaukat Ali Khan Fani Badayuni (1968)
  • Intikhab-i Fani (Silsilah-yi matbu°at) by Shaukat °Ali Khan Fani Badayuni
  • Irfaniyat-i-Fani: Ya'ni Janab Shaukat Ali Khan Sahib Fani Badayuni ke qadim-o-jadid kalam ka mukammal majmu'ah (Silsilah-e-Anjuman-e
  • Taraqqi Urdu) by Shaukat Ali Khan Fani Badayuni (1939)
  • Kulliyat-i Fani (Silsilah-e-matbu'at) by Shaukat Ali Khan Fani Badayuni (1992)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/mp/2002/06/17/stories/2002061700660200.htm
  2. ^ the second most celebrated son of the sleepy Awadh town
  3. ^ Encyclopaedia of Indian literature vol. 2
  4. ^ The Last Nizam By Basant K. Bawa page 59
  5. ^ Encyclopaedia of Indian literature vol. 2

Further reading[edit]

  • Jadid Urdu Shairi by Abdl Qadir Sarwari (1946)
  • Tareekh-o-tanqeed Adabiyat-e-Urdu by Hamid Husain Qadri (1947) Agra
  • A History of Urdu Literature by Muhammad Sadiq-(1967)

Other references[edit]

A detailed account of Fani's personal life can be found in the book "Durbaar-e-Durbaar" by Sadq Jaisi in Urdu and in English translation of the same book by Narendera Luther The Nocturnal Court.

External links[edit]