Bibliography of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac

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This is an unannotated bibliography of writings about Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac as well as some material that covers other government sponsored enterprises such as the Federal Home Loan Bank System. While it is comprehensive, it is not exhaustive, with a focus on work published through 2011 by government agencies, economists, legal and policy scholars, private sector analysts and think tanks. It does not include Congressional testimony and shorter works. This bibliography has been posted on Wikipedia so that others can make additions to it. The original document may be found on SSRN.[1] Please continue to follow guidelines consistent with the Chicago Manual of Style when editing this bibliography.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Ambrose, Brent W., and Richard Buttimer. “GSE Impact on Rural Mortgage Markets.” Regional Science and Urban Economics 35, no. 4 (2005): 417-443. http://ssrn.com/abstract=557127.
  • Ambrose, Brent W., Richard Buttimer, and Thomas G. Thibodeau. “A New Spin on the Jumbo/Conforming Loan Rate Differential.” The Journal of Real Estate and Finance Economics 23, no. 3 (2001): 309-335.
  • Ambrose, Brent W., and Tao-Hsien Dolly King. “GSE Debt and the Decline in the Treasury Debt Market.” Journal of Money, Credit, and Banking 34, no. 3 (2002): 812-840.
  • Ambrose, Brent W., Michael Lacour-Little, and Anthony B. Sanders. “The Effect of Conforming Loan Status on Mortgage Yield Spreads: A Loan Level Analysis.” Real Estate Economics 32, no. 4 (2004): 541-569.
  • Ambrose, Brent W., and Anthony Pennington-Cross. “Local Economic Risk Factors and the Primary and Secondary Mortgage Markets.” Regional Science and Urban Economics 30, no. 6 (2000): 683-701. http://info.worldbank.org/etools/docs/library/156603/housing/pdf/Ambrose-etal.pdf.
  • Ambrose, Brent W., and Thomas G. Thibodeau. “Have the GSE Affordable Housing Goals Increased the Supply of Mortgage Credit?” Regional Science and Urban Economics 34, no. 3 (2004): 263-273.
  • Ambrose, Brent W., and Thomas G. Thibodeau with Kenneth Temkin. “An Analysis of the Effects of the GSE Affordable Goals on Low- and Moderate-Income Families.” Prepared for the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Office of Policy Development and Research, Washington, DC, 2002. http://www.huduser.org/Publications/pdf/gsegoals.pdf.
  • Ambrose, Brent W., and Arthur Warga. “Measuring Potential GSE Funding Advantages.” Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics 25, no. 2/3 (2002): 129-150.
  • Ambrose, Brent W., and Arthur Warga. “Pricing Effects in Fannie Mae Agency Bonds.” Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics 11, no. 3 (1995): 235-249. http://ssrn.com/abstract=7293.
  • An, Xudong. “GSE Activity, FHA Feedback, and Implications for the Efficacy of the Affordable Housing Goals.” The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics 36, no. 2 (2006): 207-231.
  • An, Xudong, and Raphael W. Bostic. “Policy Incentives and the Extension of Mortgage Credit: Increasing Market Discipline for Subprime Lending.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 28, no. 3 (2009): 340-365. http://ssrn.com/abstract=1146725.
  • An, Xudong, Raphael W. Bostic, Yongheng Deng, and Stuart A. Gabriel. “GSE Loan Purchases, the FHA, and Housing Outcomes in Targeted, Low-Income Neighborhoods.” Paper presented at the Brookings-Wharton Conference on Urban Affairs, Brookings Institution, Washington, DC, October 2006. http://www.ires.nus.edu.sg/department/rstdy/ABDG_Brookings_Paper_010807.pdf.
  • Ashcraft, Adam B., Morten L. Bech, and W. Scott Frame. “The Federal Home Loan Bank System: The Lender of Next-to-Last Resort?” Report no. 357, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, New York, NY, November 2008. http://ssrn.com/abstract=1310281.
  • Bartlett, Steve, Alfred A. DelliBovi, and Marge Roukema. “Housing Policy After the S&L Crisis.” Mortgage Banking 51, no. 4 (2005): 28-33.
  • Bennett, Rosalind L., Mark D. Vaughan, and Timothy J. Yeager. “Should the FDIC Worry About the FHLB? The Impact of Federal Home Loan Bank Advances on the Bank Insurance Fund.” Working Paper WP 05-05, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Richmond, VA, 2005. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2005/pdf/wp05-5.pdf.
  • Berson, David W. “The Business Economist at Work: The Economics Department at Fannie Mae.” Business Economics 30, no. 3 (1995): 63-66.
  • Beyer, Hans-Joachim, Claudia Dziobek, and John R. Garrett. “Economic and Legal Considerations of Optimal Privatization: Case Studies of Mortgage Firms (DePfa Group and Fannie Mae).” Working Paper WP/99/69, International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC, 1999.
  • Blinder, Alan S., Mark J. Flannery, and G. Brandon Lockhart. “New Estimates of the Jumbo-Conforming Mortgage Spread.” Working Paper, Warrington College of Business Administration, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 2006. http://warrington.ufl.edu/fire/docs/workingpapers/Blinder-Flannery-Lockhart.pdf.
  • Bond Market Association. An Investor's Guide to GSE Debt Securities. 2002. http://www.freddiemac.com/debt/pdf/guide_gse_debtsecurities.pdf.
  • Bond Market Association. Practice Guidelines for When Issued Trading in GSE Auctioned Securities. 2001. http://www.freddiemac.com/debt/pdf/Practice_Guidelines_for_WI_Trading.pdf.
  • Burnett, Kimberly, and Linda B. Fosburg. “Study of the Multifamily Underwriting and the GSEs’ Role in the Multifamily Market: Expanded Version.” Prepared for the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Office of Policy Development and Research, Washington, DC, August 2001.
  • Burnett, Kimberly, Christopher E. Herbert, and Brian Maris. “Study of the Use of Credit Enhancements by Government Sponsored Enterprises.” Prepared for the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Office of Policy Development and Research, Washington, DC, February 2001.
  • Buttimer, Richard J. “The Financial Crisis: Imperfect Markets and Imperfect Regulation.” Journal of Financial Economic Policy 3, no. 1 (2011): 12-32.
  • Calomiris, Charles W., and Peter J. Wallison. “The Last Trillion-Dollar Commitment: The Destruction of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.” Journal of Structured Finance 15, no. 1 (2009): 71-80.
  • Carnell, Richard Scott. “Handling the Failure of a Government-Sponsored Enterprise.” Washington Law Review 80, no. 3 (2005): 565-642.
  • Carrozzo, Peter M. “Marketing the American Mortgage: the Emergency Home Finance Act of 1970, Standardization and the Secondary Market Revolution.” Real Property, Probate and Trust Journal 39, no. 4 (2005): 765-805.
  • Cassell, Mark, and Susan Hoffmann. “What are the Federal Home Loan Banks Up To? Emerging Views of Purpose Among Institutional Leadership.” Public Administration Review 62, no. 4 (2002): 461-470.
  • Center for American Progress. “A Responsible Market for Housing Finance.” Draft White Paper on the Future of the U.S. Secondary Market for Residential Mortgages, Mortgage Finance Working Group, Washington, DC, December 2009. http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/2009/12/pdf/housing_finance.pdf.
  • Cerda, Oscar, Elijah Brewer III, and Douglas D. Evanoff. “The Financial Safety Net: Costs, Benefits, and Implications.” Chicago Fed Letter, The Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, No. 171a, Chicago, IL, 2001.
  • Cleveland, Paul. “Freddie Mac: a Mercantilist Enterprise.” Ludwig von Mises Institute, Auburn, AL, 2005. http://mises.org/daily/1765.
  • Cochran, Jay, and Catherine England. “Neither Fish nor Fowl: An Overview of the Big-Three Government-Sponsored Enterprises in the U.S. Housing Finance Markets.” Working Papers in Regulatory Studies, Mercatus Center, George Mason University, McLean, VA, 2001. http://mercatus.org/publication/neither-fish-nor-fowl-overview-big-three-government-sponsored-enterprises-us-housing.
  • Collender, Robert N., Samantha Roberts, and Valerie L. Smith. “Signals from the Markets for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Subordinated Debt.” OFHEO Paper 07 – 4, Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, DC, 2007.
  • Cotterman, Robert F., and James E. Pearce. “The Effects of the Federal National Mortgage Association and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation on Conventional Fixed-Rate Mortgage Yields.” In Studies on Privatizing Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, Final Report prepared for the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Policy Development and Research, McLean, VA, 1996.
  • Cummings, Jean, and Denise DiPasquale. “Developing a Secondary Market for Affordable Rental Housing: Lessons From the LIMAC/Freddie Mac and EMI/Fannie Mae Programs.” Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research 4, no.1 (1997): 19-41. http://ssrn.com/abstract=149468.
  • Date, Raj. “The Giants Fall: Eliminating Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.” Make Markets Be Markets. Research Note, Cambridge Winter Center for Financial Institutions Policy, Cambridge, MA, 2010. http://www.rooseveltinstitute.org/sites/all/files/Fannie%20and%20Freddie.pdf.
  • Date, Raj. “GSE Decision Tree: A Framework for Evaluating Housing Finance Alternatives.” Cambridge Winter Center for Financial Institutions Policy, Cambridge, MA, 2010. http://www.cambridgewinter.org/Cambridge_Winter/Archives/Entries/2010/8/18_GSE_DECISION_TREE_files/GSE%20decision%20tree%20081810.pdf.
  • Deep, Aksh, and Dietrich Domanski. “Housing Markets and Economic Growth: Lessons from the US Refinancing Boom.” BIS Quarterly Review (September 2002): 37-45.
  • DeGennaro, Ramon. “Government Sponsored Entities: Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.” Journal of Structured Finance 14, no. 1 (2007): 18-22.
  • DiVenti, Theresa R. “Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac: Past, Present, and Future.” Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research 11, no. 3 (2009): 231-242. http://www.huduser.org/portal/periodicals/cityscpe/vol11num3/ch11.pdf.
  • Dynan, Karen, and Ted Gayer. “The Government’s Role in the Housing Finance System: Where Do We Go from Here?” Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2011. http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/rc/papers/2011/0211_housing_finance_dynan_gayer/0211_housing_finance_dynan_gayer.pdf.
  • Eisenbeis, Robert A., W. Scott Frame, and Larry D. Wall. “An Analysis of the Systemic Risks Posed by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and an Evaluation of the Policy Options for Reducing those Risks.” Working Paper 2006-2, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, 2006. http://ssrn.com/abstract=898179.
  • Eisenbeis, Robert A., W. Scott Frame, and Larry D. Wall. “Resolving Large Financial Intermediaries: Banks Versus Housing Enterprises.” Working Paper 2004-23a, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, 2004.
  • Eisenbeis, Robert A., and David J. Hartzell. “Capital-Adequacy Policies for GSEs.” In Global Risk Based Capital Regulations, Volume I: Capital Adequacy, edited by Charles A. Stone, and Anne Zissu, 425-76. Burr Ride, IL: Richard D. Irwin, Inc, 1994.
  • Ellen, Ingrid G., John Napier, and Mark A. Willis. “Improving U.S. Housing Finance through Reform of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac: Assessing the Options.” Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy, New York University, New York, NY, 2010. http://www.urban.org/uploadedpdf/1001382-fannie-mae-freddie-mac-reform.pdf.
  • Ely, Bert. “How to Privatize Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.” Presented to the 40th Annual Bank Structure Conference sponsored by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Chicago, IL, May 7, 2004.
  • Fahey, Nicole. “Fannie Mae’s Subordinated Debt Program.” Fannie Mae, Washington, DC, 2001. http://msfraud.org/LAW/Legislative/FNMAsubordinated_debt_program.pdf.
  • Fannie Mae. Annual Reports. Washington, DC, 2001–2003, 2006-2011. http://www.fanniemae.com/portal/about-us/investor-relations/annual-reports-proxy-statements.html.
  • Fannie Mae. Guaranteed MBS Pass-Through Securities: Mega Certificates. Washington, DC, 2002. http://www.fanniemae.com/resources/file/mbs/pdf/gems_mega_term_sheet_032511.pdf;jsessionid=TJN5RFOZSE4QBJ2FQSHSFGA.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. “Assessing the Banking Industry's Exposure to an Implicit Government Guarantee of GSEs.” FYI: An Update on Emerging Issues in Banking, Washington, DC, 2004. http://www.fdic.gov/bank/analytical/fyi/2004/030104fyi.html.
  • Feldman, Ron J. “Mortgage Rates, Homeownership Rates, and Government-Sponsored Enterprises.” The Region 16, no. 1 (2001): 4-23.
  • Ferguson, Thomas, and Robert Johnson. “Too Big to Bail: The ‘Paulson Put,’ Presidential Politics, and the Global Financial Meltdown.” International Journal of Political Economy 38, no. 1 (2009): 3-34. http://www.peri.umass.edu/fileadmin/pdf/conference_papers/SAFER/Ferguson_Johnson_Too_Big.pdf.
  • Ferullo, Mike, and Jonathan Nicholson. “CBO’s Estimate of Cost of the Administration’s Proposal to Authorize Federal Financial Assistance for the Government-Sponsored Enterprises for Housing.” Congressional Budget Office, Washington, DC, 2008. http://www.cbo.gov/doc.cfm?index=9574.
  • Follain, James R., and Peter M. Zorn. “The Unbundling of Residential Mortgage Finance.” Journal of Housing Research 1, no. 1 (1990): 63-89.
  • Forrester, Julia Patterson. “Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac Uniform Mortgage Instruments: The Forgotten Benefit to Homeowners.” Missouri Law Review 72, no. 4 (1997): 1077-1109. http://www.law.missouri.edu/lawreview/docs/72-4/Forrester.pdf.
  • Frame, W. Scott. “The 2008 Federal Intervention to Stabilize Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.” Journal of Applied Finance 18, no. 2 (2009): 124-136.
  • Frame, W. Scott. “Charter Value, Risk-Taking Incentives, and Emerging Competition for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.” Journal of Money, Credit and Banking 39, no. 1 (2007): 83-103.
  • Frame, W. Scott. “Federal Home Loan Bank Mortgage Purchases: Implications For Mortgage Markets.” Economic Review 88, no. 3 (2003): 17-31.
  • Frame, W. Scott, and Larry D. Wall. “Fannie Mae’s and Freddie Mac’s Voluntary Initiatives: Lessons from Banking.” Economic Review (Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta) 87, no. 1 (2002): 45-59. https://www.frbatlanta.org/filelegacydocs/frame_wall2.pdf.
  • Frame, W. Scott, and Larry D. Wall. “Financing Housing Through Government-Sponsored Enterprises.” Economic Review (Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta) 87, no. 1 (2002): 29-43.
  • Frame, W. Scott, and Lawrence J. White. “Fussing and Fuming over Fannie and Freddie: How Much Smoke, How Much Fire?” Journal of Economic Perspectives 19, no. 2 (2005): 159-184.
  • Frame, W. Scott, and Lawrence J. White. “Competition for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac?” Regulation 27, no. 3 (2004): 56-60.
  • Frame, W. Scott, and Lawrence J. White. “Emerging Competition and Risk-Taking Incentives At Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.” Working Paper 2004-04, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, 2004. www.frbatlanta.org/filelegacydocs/wp0404.pdf.
  • Frame, W. Scott, and Lawrence J. White. “Regulating Housing GSEs: Thoughts on Institutional Structure and Authorities.” Economic Review 89, no. 2 (2004): 87-102.
  • Fratantoni, Michael, and Peter Niculescu. “Subsidies in a Context of Efficient Markets: A New Framework for Evaluating the Role of Fannie Mae.” Working Paper, Washington Mutual; Foster School of Business, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 2005. http://ssrn.com/abstract=841345.
  • Freeman, Lance, George Galster, and Ron Malega. “The Impact of Secondary Mortgage Market and GSE Purchases on Underserved Neighborhood Housing Markets: a Cleveland Case Study.” Urban Affairs Review 42, (November 2006): 193-223.
  • Gabriel, Stuart A. “Opening the Doors to Homeownership: Challenges to Federal Policy.” Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research 5, no. 2 (2001): 31-41.
  • Gabriel, Stuart A., and Raphael Bostic. “Do the GSEs Matter to Low-Income Housing Markets? An Assessment of the Effects of GSE Loan Purchases on California Housing Outcomes.” Journal of Urban Economics 59, no. 3 (2006): 458-475. http://www.usc.edu/schools/price/lusk/research/pdf/wp_2005-1001.pdf.
  • Gabriel, Stuart A., and Stuart S. Rosenthal. “Do the GSEs Expand the Supply of Mortgage Credit? New Evidence of Crowd Out in the Secondary Mortgage Market.” Journal of Public Economics 92, no. 11/12 (2010): 975-986.
  • Gabriel, Stuart A., and Stuart S. Rosenthal. “Government-Sponsored Enterprises, the Community Reinvestment Act, and Home Ownership in Targeted Underserved Neighborhoods.” In Housing Markets and the Economy, edited by Edward L. Glaeser, and John M. Quigley, 202-32. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 2009.
  • Gan, Jie, and Timothy J. Riddiough. “Monopoly and Informational Advantage In the Residential Mortgage Market.” Review of Financial Studies 21, no. 6 (2008): 2677-2703.
  • Gatti, James F., and Ronald W. Spahr. “The Value of Federal Sponsorship: The Case of Freddie Mac.” Real Estate Economics 25, no. 3 (1997): 453-485.
  • Geddes, R. Richard. “Case Studies of Anticompetitive SOE Behavior.” In Competing with the Government: Anticompetitive Behavior and Public Enterprises, 27-58. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press, 2004.
  • Gerardi, Kristopher, Harvey S. Rosen, and Paul Willen. “Do Households Benefit from Financial Deregulation and Innovation? The Case of the Mortgage Market.” Working Paper 12967, NBER, Cambridge, MA, 2007. http://www.nber.org/papers/w12967.pdf.
  • Golding, Edward. “Freddie Mac’s and Fannie Mae’s Contribution to the Economy.” Paper presented at the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania Conference on Fixing the Financial System, Philadelphia, PA, April 27, 2005. http://fic.wharton.upenn.edu/fic/papers/05/0535.pdf.
  • Gonzalez-Rivera, Gloria. “Linkages Between Secondary and Primary Markets for Mortgages: The Role of Retained Portfolio Investments of the Government-Sponsored Enterprises.” Journal of Fixed Income 11, no. 1 (2001): 29-36.
  • Green, Richard K., and Susan Wachter. “The American Mortgage in Historical and International Context.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 19, no. 4 (2005): 93-114.
  • Greenspan, Alan. Government Sponsored Enterprises. Conference on Housing, Mortgage Finance, and the Macroeconomy, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, May 19, 2005. http://www.federalreserve.gov/boarddocs/speeches/2005/20050519/.
  • Gross, David B. “The Government's Role in Promoting Financial Sector Stability.” Fannie Mae, Washington, DC, 2003.
  • GSE Report. The Bi-Weekly Report Series. Canfield and Associates, Inc, Washington, DC, 2002-2009.
  • Gup, Benton E. “Are Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Too Big to Fail?” In Too Big to Fail: Policies and Practices in Government Bailouts, 287-327. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2003.
  • Hancock, Diana, and Wayne Passmore. “Catastrophic Mortgage Insurance and The Reform of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.” Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2011. http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/events/2011/0211_mortgage_market/0211_presentation_hancock_passmore.pdf.
  • Hancock, Diana, and Wayne Passmore. “The Future of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.” Journal of Applied Finance 21, no. 1 (2011): 145-148.
  • Hancock, Diana, and Wayne Passmore. “Three Initiatives Enhancing the Mortgage Market and Promoting Financial Stability.” The Berkeley Electronic Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy 9, no. 3 (2009): Art. 16. http://www.bepress.com/bejeap/vol9/iss3/art16.
  • Harrison, David A., Wayne R. Archer, David C. Ling, and Marc T. Smith. “Mitigating Information Externalities in Mortgage Markets: The Role of Government-Sponsored Enterprises.” Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research 6, no. 1 (2002): 115-143.
  • Hassan, Qumber, and Mahesh Swaminathan. “GSEs – Still the Best Answer for Housing Finance.” Credit Suisse Mortgage Market Comment, October 6, 2009. http://www.zigasassociates.com/images/uploads/GSEs_-_Still_the_best_answer_for_housing_finance.pdf.
  • Hill, Julie Andersen. “Bailouts and Credit Cycles: Fannie, Freddie, and the Farm Credit System.” Wisconsin Law Review 2010, no. 1 (2010): 1-77. http://wisconsinlawreview.org/wp-content/files/1-Hill.pdf.
  • Hunter, Oakley. “The Federal National Mortgage Association: Its Response to Critical Financing Requirements of Housing.” George Washington Law Review 39, no. 4 (1971): 818-834.
  • Immergluck, Dan. “Fannie, Freddie, and the Future.” The American Prospect 22, no. 5 (2011): A19-A22.
  • Immergluck, Dan. Foreclosed: High-Risk Lending, Deregulation, and the Undermining of America's Mortgage Market. New York, NY: Cornell University Press, 2009.
  • Jaffee, Dwight M. “The Future Role of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac in the U.S. Mortgage Market.” Paper presented at AEA/AREUEA session “The Future of the GSEs,” Atlanta, GA (January 3, 2010). www.aeaweb.org/aea/conference/program/retrieve.php?pdfid=299.
  • Jaffee, Dwight M. “Reregulating Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.” In Lessons from the Financial Crisis, edited by Robert Kolb, 617-23. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons, 2010.
  • Jaffee, Dwight M. “The Role of the GSEs and Housing Policy in the Financial Crisis.” Prepared for presentation to the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission, Washington, DC, February 27, 2010.
  • Jaffee, Dwight M. “Monoline Regulations to Control the Systemic Risk Created by Investment Banks and GSEs.” The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy 9, no. 3 (2009). http://faculty.haas.berkeley.edu/jaffee/Papers/115BEOct09Conf.pdf.
  • Jaffee, Dwight M. “Reforming Fannie and Freddie.” Regulation 31, no. 4 (2009): 52-57.
  • Jaffee, Dwight M. “Controlling the Interest Rate Risk of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.” Policy Brief No. 2006-PB-04, Networks Financial Institute (2006). http://ssrn.com/abstract=923568.
  • Jaffee, Dwight M. “Reigning in Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac: How Can We Control the Mortgage Giants' Interest Rate Risk?” Regulation 29, no. 3 (2006): 22-27. http://www.cato.org/pubs/regulation/regv29n3/v29n3-3.pdf.
  • Jaffee, Dwight M. “Comments on the Paper by Lawrence White: ‘On Truly Privatizing Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac: Why It’s Important and How to Do It.’” Working Paper No. 05-33, Wharton Financial Institutions, 2005. http://ssrn.com/abstract=830864.
  • Jaffee, Dwight. “On Limiting the Retained Mortgage Portfolios of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.” Working Paper No. 05-38, Wharton Financial Institution Center, 2005. http://ssrn.com/abstract=830947.
  • Jaffee, Dwight. “The Interest Rate Risk of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.” Journal of Financial Services Research 24, no. 1 (2003): 5-29.
  • Jaffee, Dwight M. “The Effect on the Mortgage Markets of Privatizing Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.” American Enterprise Institute (2000). http://faculty.haas.berkeley.edu/jaffee/papers/aeimay00.pdf.
  • Jaffee, Dwight M., and Edward L. Glaeser. “What to do About Fannie and Freddie.” The Economists’ Voice 3, no. 7 (2006): Art. 5.
  • Jaffee, Dwight M., and John M. Quigley. “The Future of the Government Sponsored Enterprises: The Role for Government in the U.S. Mortgage Market.” Working Paper No. w17685, NBER, 2011. http://ssrn.com/abstract=1976481.
  • Jaffee, Dwight M., and John M. Quigley. “The Government Sponsored Enterprises: Recovering From a Failed Experiment.” Working Paper No. W09-001, Institute of Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 2009.
  • Jaffee, Dwight M., and Gerd M. Welke. “The Risk-Based Capital Test for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.” Journal of Financial Services 24, no. 1 (2003): 5-29.
  • Jaffee, Dwight M., et al. “What to Do About the Government Sponsored Enterprises.” In Restoring Financial Stability, edited by Viral Acharya, and Matthew Richardson, 121-38. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons, 2009.
  • Jeske, Karsten, and Dirk Krueger. “Housing and the Macroeconomy: The Role of Implicit Guarantees for Government-Sponsored Enterprises.” Working Paper 2005-15, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, 2005.
  • Jones, Oliver. “The Development of an Effective Secondary Mortgage Market.” The Journal of Finance 17, no. 2 (1962): 358-370.
  • Kane, Edward J. “Housing Finance GSEs: Who Gets the Subsidy.” Journal of Financial Services Research 15, no. 3 (1999): 197-209.
  • Kane, Edward J., and Chester Foster. “Valuing Conjectural Government Guarantees of FNMA Liabilities.” In Proceedings of Conference on Bank Structure and Competition, 346-68. Chicago: Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, 1986.
  • Kendall, L.T. “Securitization: a New Era in American Finance.” In A Primer on Securitization, edited by L.T. Kendall, and M.J. Fisman, 1-16. Massachusetts, MA: MIT Press, 1996.
  • Kling, Arnold. “Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae, An Exit Strategy for the Taxpayer.” Briefing Paper no. 106, Cato Institute, Washington, DC, 2009. http://www.cato.org/publications/briefing-paper/freddie-mac-fannie-mae-exit-strategy-taxpayer.
  • Koppell, Jonathan G.S. The Politics of Quasi-Government: Hybrid Organizations and the Control of Public Policy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
  • Koppell, Jonathan G.S. “Hybrid Organizations and the Alignment of Interests: The Case of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.” Public Administration Review 61, no. 4 (2001): 468-482.
  • Kosar, Kevin R. “Government Sponsored Enterprises (GSEs): An Institutional Overview.” Report RS21663, Congressional Research Service Report for Congress Report for Congress, Washington, DC, December 20, 2005. http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RS21663.pdf.
  • Krehely, Bradley K. “Government Sponsored Enterprises: A Discussion of the Federal Subsidy of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.” North Carolina Banking Institute 6 (2002): 519-544.
  • Kupiec, Paul, and David Nickerson. “Assessing Systemic Risk Exposure from Banks and GSEs Under Alternative Approaches to Capital Regulation.” Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics 28, no. 2/3 (2004): 123-145.
  • LaCour-Little, Michael. “The Evolving Role of Technology in Mortgage Finance.” Journal of Housing Research 11, no. 2 (2000): 173-205.
  • Lea, Michael J. “Innovation and the Cost of Mortgage Credit: a Historical Perspective.” Housing Policy Debate 7, no. 1 (1996): 147-174.
  • Lehnert, Andreas, Wayne Passmore, and Shane M. Sherlund. “GSEs, Mortgage Rates, and Secondary Market Activities.” FEDS Working Paper No. 2006-30, Federal Reserve, Washington, DC, 2006.
  • Listokin, David, Elvin K. Wyly, Brian Schmitt, and Ioan Voicu. “The Potential and Limitations of Mortgage Innovation in Fostering Homeownership in the United States.” Housing and Policy Debate 12, no. 3 (2002): 465-513.
  • Lockhart, James B. “FHFA’s First Anniversary and Challenges Ahead.” Presented to the National Press Club, Washington, DC, July 30, 2009. http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/14715/FHFA1stAnnSpeechandPPT73009.pdf.
  • Lore, K.G., and C.L. Cowan. Mortgage-Backed Securities: Developments and Trends in the Secondary Mortgage Market. St. Paul, MN: Thompson-West, 2005. See esp. chap. 1, “Overview of Mortgage-Backed Securities and the Secondary Mortgage Market,” chap. 2, “The Public and Private Sectors in the Secondary Mortgage Market.”
  • Loutskina, Elena, and Philip E. Strahan. “Securitization and the Declining Impact of Bank Finance on Loan Supply: Evidence from Mortgage Acceptance Rates.” The Journal of Finance 64, no. 2 (2006): 861-889.
  • Lucas, Deborah, and Robert McDonald. “Valuing Government Guarantees: Fannie and Freddie Revisited.” In Measuring and Managing Federal Financial Risk, 131-54. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2010. http://www.nber.org/chapters/c3041.pdf.
  • Lucas, Deborah, and Robert McDonald. “An Options-Based Approach to Evaluating the Risk of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.” Paper prepared for the 2005 Carnegie Rochester Public Policy Conference (August 2005). http://www.haas.berkeley.edu/groups/finance/CarnegieRochester_8.pdf.
  • Luke, R.D., L.F. Burke, D.G. Glennie, and E.C. de Bouter, eds. Securitization. Netherlands: Kluwer Law International, 1998.
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References[edit]

  1. ^ Reiss, David J., Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac: A Bibliography (August 8, 2012). Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 288. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2126571