Fantasmagoriana

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Fantasmagoriana; ou Recueil d'histoires, d'apparitions, de spectres, revenans, fantômes, etc., traduit de l'allemand, par un amateur
A page with Fantasmagoriana in large letters, with its subtitle and publication details
First edition, volume 1 title page
Author Johann Karl August Musäus, Johann August Apel, Friedrich Laun, Heinrich Clauren
Translator Jean-Baptiste Benoît Eyriès
Country France
Language French
Genre German Gothic fiction
Publisher F. Schoell
Publication date
1812
Media type Print, Duodecimo
Pages 600
OCLC 559494402

Fantasmagoriana is a French anthology of German ghost stories, translated anonymously by Jean-Baptiste Benoît Eyriès and published in 1813. It was read by Lord Byron, Mary Shelley, Percy Bysshe Shelley, John William Polidori and Claire Clairmont at the Villa Diodati in Cologny, Switzerland during the Year Without a Summer, and inspired them to write their own ghost stories, including "The Vampyre" (1819), and Frankenstein (1823), which went on to shape the Gothic horror genre.[1]

Stories[edit]

Eyriès chose a selection of eight German ghost stories to translate for a French audience. The first story ("L'Amour Muet") was from Johann Karl August Musäus' satirical retellings of traditional folk tales Volksmärchen der Deutschen (1786). The next ("Portraits de Famille") was by Johann August Apel, first published in 1805, but reprinted in his anthology Cicaden (1810). Of the remaining six tales, five were from the first two volumes of Apel and Laun's Gespensterbuch (1811), and one ("La Chambre Grise") was by the highly popular author Heinrich Clauren, which had been parodied by Apel in one of his Gespensterbuch stories ("La Chambre Noire").[2]

List of stories[edit]

Fantasmagoriana English translation German original German source Author
"L'Amour Muet" Dumb Love "Stumme Liebe" Volksmärchen der Deutschen, vol. 4 Musäus
"Portraits de Famille" Family Portraits "Die Bilder der Ahnen" Cicaden, vol. 1 Apel
"La Tête de Mort" The Death's Head "Der Todtenkopf" Das Gespensterbuch, vol. 2 Laun
"La Morte Fiancée" The Death Bride "Die Todtenbraut" Das Gespensterbuch, vol. 2 Laun
"L'Heure Fatale" The Fated Hour "Die Verwandtschaft mit der Geisterwelt" Das Gespensterbuch, vol. 1 Laun
"Le Revenant" The Revenant "Der Geist des Verstorbenen" Das Gespensterbuch, vol. 1 Laun
"La Chambre Grise" The Grey Chamber "Die graue Stube (Eine buchstäblich wahre Geschichte)" Der Freimüthige (newspaper) Clauren
"La Chambre Noire" The Black Chamber "Die schwarze Kammer. Anekdote" Das Gespensterbuch, vol. 2 Apel

References[edit]

  1. ^ Macdonald, D. L.; Scherf, Kathleen (2008). "Introduction". The Vampyre and Ernestus Berchtold; or, The Modern Œdipus. Peterborough: Broadview Editions. p. 10. 
  2. ^ Herzfeld, Georg; Rosenbaum, Alfred (July 1915). "Ze Den Quellen Der Fantasmagoriana". Englische Studien (Leipzig: O. R. Reisland) 49 (1): 157–159.