Far Eastern University

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Not to be confused with Far East University.
Far Eastern University
Pamantasan ng Malayong Silanganan
Universidad de Extremo Oriente
Official Far Eastern University Logo.png
Official Seal of Far Eastern University
Motto Love of Fatherland and God
Established 1928
Type Private, Non-sectarian, Granted Autonomous Status
President Michael M. Alba
Undergraduates 23,928[1]
Postgraduates 3,961[1]
Location Nicanor Reyes St.(Morayta), Sampaloc, Manila, Philippines
14°36′14″N 120°59′08″E / 14.6038°N 120.9855°E / 14.6038; 120.9855Coordinates: 14°36′14″N 120°59′08″E / 14.6038°N 120.9855°E / 14.6038; 120.9855
Campus 40,000 m²
Hymn "The FEU Hymn" by Nick Joaquin
Colors FEU colors.svg Green and Gold
Mascot FEU Tamaraws
Affiliations ASAIHL, IAU,PACU,PACUOCA, PAASCU, UAAP
Website www.feu.edu.ph

Far Eastern University (FEU) (PSEFEU) in the University Belt area, West Sampaloc, City of Manila, is a nonsectarian, private university in the Philippines. Created by the merger of Far Eastern College and the Institute of Accounts, Business and Finance, FEU became a university in 1934 under the guidance of first president Nicanor Reyes, Sr. It has been noted as the leading proprietary (for profit) university in the Philippines.[2] FEU's campus is noted for a number of historical buildings preserved from the first half of the 20th century.

History

Presidents of
Far Eastern University
Nicanor I. Reyes Sr., 1934-1945
Hermenigildo B. Reyes, 1945-1946
Clemente Q. Uson, 1946-1947
Acting President Belen E. Gutierrez, 1947-1949
Vidal A. Tan, 1949-1952
Teodoro T. Evangelista, 1952-1971
Nicanor M. Reyes Jr., 1971-1982
Acting President Belen E.Gutierrez, 1982-1985
Josephine Cojuangco-Reyes, 1985-1989
Felixberto C. Sta. Maria, 1989-1995
Edilberto C. de Jesus, 1995-2002
Lydia B. Echauz, 2002–2012
Michael M. Alba, 2012–present

Far Eastern University was founded in 1934 when the Far Eastern College and the Institute of Accounts, Business and Finance (IABF) merged.[2][3] Far Eastern College, founded in 1919, had been a liberal arts college in Quiapo; the IABF had been established (originally under the name Institute of Accountancy) by Nicanor Reyes, Sr., head of the Department of Economics of the University of the Philippines, with a number of other prominent educators in 1928.[3][4] IABF had been originally predominately used by night students, and the new university, which was supported by the tuition provided by its students rather than government grants.[3][4]

In its earliest days, FEU was housed in a converted tobacco factory already present on the four hectare (nearly 10 acre) plot which would eventually host the current campus.[3][4] Reyes Sr. was appointed the first president of the University, which spent its early years establishing several of its institutes, including those of Law and Technology. Reyes commissioned Pablo Antonio, who would later be titled National Artist of the Philippines, to construct a building for the school.[5] In 1939, the Nicanor Reyes Hall, which would later house the library and Institute of Accounts, Business and Finance, opened. Two other buildings by Antonio, the Girls’ High School Building and Boys High School Building, followed in 1940 and 1941,[5] by which year FEU had 10,000 registered students, with an international student population of 400.[6]

During World War II, the campus was occupied by the Imperial Japanese Army, who left only its shell unharmed.[4] Dr. Nicanor Reyes having been killed during the occupation, Dr. Hermenigildo B. Reyes was appointed the second president of the University when it reopened in 1945.[4]

Thereafter, FEU continued to expand, with the opening of a Science Building and the establishment of the Institute of Medicine and the School of Nursing. In 1955, the FEU hospital was opened. Humanities were introduced in 1959, and in 1970 the Institute of Architecture and Fine Arts opened. Also in 1970, the for-profit status of the Institute of Medicine, School of Medical Technology, FEU Hospital and the Student Health Service Clinic was altered, when these were converted in the FEU Dr. Nicanor Reyes Medical Foundation, a non-stock, non-profit educational foundation.[4]

1989 introduced substantial revitalization to FEU that took place over a number of years, with renovation and modernization of facilities and grounds and upgrading of the University's educational standard. This resulted in the accreditation of the Institute of Arts and Sciences, the Institute of Education, and the Institute of Accounts, Business and Finance, and, in the mid-1990s, the Deregulation of the University by the Commission on Higher Education. Enrollment and financial systems were computerized with the help of Oracle in 2001, resulting in efficient archival and retrieval of data. The auditorium was upgraded to accommodate modern stage productions and the new twice-monthly presentations by local and international artists established by the President's Committee on Culture. The university also received an ISO 9000:2001 for Quality Management and became one of the pilot university in assessment by IQUAME. The FEU received many awards including Social Security System's 1997 Best Employer and Best in Students Services in the country as declared by CHED in 2009. The University also prioritized publication, launching a number of scholarly journals, and began networking with other institutions nationally and abroad. Recent En banc session of CHED with the letter received by the FEU president. FEU has been Granted with Autonomous Status.[4]

University emblems

  • The University Seal: The FEU Coat of Arms consists principally of a nine-pointed golden star representing the nine main academic discipline offered by the University and supported by heraldic sari-manok motif, in full colors. [7]
  • The legendary Sarimanok projects the nationalistic spirit upon which the University was founded. It also serves as the link between the past and present.[8]
  • The University Colors: Gold represents the golden opportunity for the University to serve the youth and her alumni to serve the country. Green is for hope, representing Rizals "Fair hope of the Fatherland.".[8][9]
  • The University Font: The Dellarobia BT is the official font of FEU. In the past, FEU's official font was inspired by the Alibata and designed by Galo B. Ocampo. [10]
  • The Tamaraw is the mascot of every FEU athletic team. Hence, it is the pet name of every FEU student (Tams). Known scientifically as “Bubalus mindorensis”, it is a rare animal found only in the island of Mindoro. Symbolically enough, the Tamaraw is one of the most intelligent, pugnacious and aggressive of our animal species just as the University known for its advanced, progressive policy in contemporary education.[8][11]
  • The Memorial Quadrangle is a Manila landmark and a favorite backdrop for picture-taking in the campus. Erected in memory of the University Founder,it consists of a 65-foot flagpole on a platform surrounded on all sides with brass sculpture by National Artist Vicente Manansala which interprets the late founder's philosophy of education.[8]
  • The Mace is the symbol of the office of the University President.[8]

Main Campus

Among the buildings on FEU's campus complex, five by Pablo Antonio garnered recognition for FEU in 2005 from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), who bestowed the Asia Pacific Heritage Award for Cultural Heritage on the university for "the outstanding preservation of its Art Deco structures."[5] The buildings include the Nicanor Reyes Hall, the FEU East Asia College of Engineering and Computer Studies, the Law and Nursing Building, Auditorium/Administration Building and the Science Building. The Cultural Center of the Philippines also recognized the historical legacy of the buildings with a marker. Other historical buildings on the campus include the 1950s FEU Chapel, FEU Hospital, and the Arts and Sciences Building, which also represent the International Style.

History

During the 1930s, there was a heavy influence of American culture especially in the field of technology and construction that was reflected in the lives of the Filipinos. Concrete and steel were used by the Americans and was found to be the suitable materials for the tropical environment. These were materialized by Pablo Antonio, a National Artist, in creating the FEU campus buildings that reflected both the university's and the country's vision and showed his personal transition from Art Deco to the International Style.[12][5] The buildings were constructed between the years 1939 to 1950.

Architecture of Nicanor Reyes Hall

The Nicanor Reyes Hall is a long, low-rise U-shaped building facing Quezon Boulevard The distinct character of the massive facade are the sets of protruded vertical volumes located on both ends of the structure. At the ground level, the horizontally striated columns which form that colonnade below, are capped by inverted pyramid capitals which then ascends into the second level dividing the lower half of the facade into equal bays. The columns gives the openings protection from the natural elements because of its deep projection from the facade. There is a thin strip of concrete running along the whole length of the facade that juts below the parapet.

On the other side of the structure is the central quadrangle of the campus which can be seen through the large openings at the rear facade. Greeneries can be seen through these grilled doors and windows especially in the large ground floor entrance hall that links the colonnaded sidewalk along Quezon Boulevard to the quadrangle. The tropical-themed grillworks can be seen in the whole interior evidently in the partitions of workspaces, stair railings and the doorways. Openness is one of Antonio's design philosophies which benefit mostly the tropical climate due to the benefits of cross-ventilation.

Attention to details is another design focus of the architecture of Pablo Antonio.[12] The heavy influence of Art Deco in his architectural style is seen even in transitional elements like the stairs. The outdoor stairs that joins the walkway at the second floor has layers of thin concrete slabs that swirl in waves above the rigid geometry of the handrail.

The physical envelope of the Main Building, now Nicanor Reyes Hall, is one of the examples of classic Philippine Art Deco emphasizing the play on geometric forms.[12]

Architecture of Administration Building

The FEU Administration Building was also constructed by Pablo Antonio a decade after the Nicanor Reyes Hall. It is located at the opposite end of the campus quadrangle that features a facade with geometric architectural details, horizontal windows, and a balcony that extends into a viewing deck at the second floor to observe the activities in the quadrangle.

The Art Deco-inspired FEU Theater can be found inside the Administration Building. It has an atrium that has a rounded skylight on top with concentric rings of glass that overlaps which allow the passage of air and at the same time prevents the rainwater from coming inside. The atrium floor is made up of alternating light and dark narra hardwood that directs the people to a circular shaft that allows the light to dive into the offices and classrooms in the lower floors.

Considered to be masterful piece of architecture, as Lourdes Montinola wrote in her book, it also houses the works of the known Filipino artists, most of them in the Art Deco era.[12] One work is a mural done by Antonio Gonzales Dumlao in the Administration Building which conveys the university mission. At the quadrangle, there is a group of Vicente Manansala copper-sheet sculptures which represent the professional disciplines offered by the university. There are also murals from National Artist Botong Francisco hanged in the chapel. Francesco Riccardo Monti also did a bas-relief depicting the American Regime in the Philippines.[12]

Notable Alumni

Buildings

Images around campus
The Administration Building at Far Eastern University. 
The Institute of Architecture and Fine Arts, FEU-East Asia College 
FEU Student Pavilion 

Academic institutes

Far Eastern University- Manila[4]

Colleges and schools

  • Far Eastern University – FEU Institute of Technology
    • College of Engineering(CoE)
    • College of Computer Studies (CCS) - CS by PAASCU Center of Development in I.T. Education by Commission on Higher Education
    • Department of Graduate Studies
  • Far Eastern University - Makati
    • Institute of Culinary Arts and Food Service - FEU

Athletics

See also: FEU Tamaraws

A member of the University Athletic Association of the Philippines, FEU participates in 19 UAAP sports, including Athletics, Badminton, Basketball, Chess Fencing, Table Tennis, Taekwondo, and Volleyball for both men and women.[citation needed] Among the many athletes who have attended FEU are Alberto Nogar Sr, Lydia De Vega, Elma Muros, Anthony Villanueva, and Johnny Abarrientos.[citation needed] FEU's teams are named after the tamaraw, a buffalo with a reputation for ferocity.[15]

References

  1. ^ a b http://investors.feu.edu.ph/PR2008.PDF
  2. ^ a b Rüegg, Walter (2004). Universities in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries (1800-1945). A History of the University in Europe 3. Cambridge University Press. p. 213. ISBN 0-521-36107-9. 
  3. ^ a b c d Gupit, Jr., Dr. Fortunato, ed. (1986). Elements of Public Speaking (4th ed.). Rex Bookstore. p. 340. ISBN 971-23-0415-9. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "The History of FEU". feu.edu.ph. Archived from the original on 2007-06-09. Retrieved 2009-09-10. 
  5. ^ a b c d Ortiz, Margaux (2007-01-15). "Art Deco buildings thrive on FEU campus". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2009-09-10. 
  6. ^ de Jesus, Edilberto C. (2002). "Muddling Through: Development Under a "Weak" State". In Wan-Ling Wee, C.J. Local cultures and the "new Asia": the state, culture, and capitalism in Southeast Asia. Social Issues in Southeast Asia Series 24. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 70. ISBN 981-230-123-2. 
  7. ^ FEU Publication - Student Handbook AY 2014-2015[not specific enough to verify]
  8. ^ a b c d e IABF Bulletin of Information 2005-2007
  9. ^ FEU Publication[not specific enough to verify]
  10. ^ name="feu publication"
  11. ^ The FEU Advocate - University Profile[not specific enough to verify]
  12. ^ a b c d e Montinola, Lourdes (2010). Art Deco in the Philippines. Manila: ArtPositAsia. ISBN 978-971-057-905-1. 
  13. ^ http://www.feu-nrmf.ph/feu_im.html FEU-NRMF : Meeting the Challenges of the Changing Times Date accessed 2009-09-13
  14. ^ http://www.feufern.edu.ph/ FEU FERN College Date accessed 2009-09-13
  15. ^ Huffman, Brent (2007-01-02). "Bubalus mindorensis: Tamaraw". www.ultimateungulate.com. Ultimate Ungulate.com. Retrieved 2009-09-15. 

External links