Fardhem Church

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Fardhem Church, external view

Fardhem Church (Swedish: Fardhems kyrka) is a medieval Lutheran church on the Swedish island of Gotland, in the Diocese of Visby.

History and architecture[edit]

Portal (possibly made by Hegvald)

According to the Gutasaga, one of the earliest churches on Gotland was built in Fardhem. If so, this was a wooden church of which nothing remains today. Early graves found in the area however indicate that there might well have been a wooden church at the site of the presently visible one early on.[1][2]

The church seen today is also of considerable age. It is a Romanesque building, erected in stages from the end of the 12th century to the second quarter of the 13th century. Only the vestry is later, added in 1871-72 and designed by Axel Herman Hägg.[1]

Externally, the church has a uniform, Romanesque appearance. It is considered to be one of the best-preserved Romanesque churches on Gotland (at least externally). Especially noteworthy is the choir portal. It is decorated with a few rather primitive sculpted elements, difficult to interpret. The work has been attributed to the locally active stone sculptor Hegvald[3] but may also be the work of some unknown master from Jutland. There are no comparable works on Gotland.[1][2]

The interior of the church is less well-preserved. Fragments of frescos from the 14th century were discovered during a restoration in 1951-52, and are now again visible. The baptismal font is Romanesque, probably a work by the anonymous Master Semi-Byzantios, but only the foot remains. Most other furnishings are from the 17th and 18th centuries.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Lagerlöf, Erland (1973). Lagerlöf, Erland, ed. Gotlands kyrkor (in Swedish). Uddevalla: Rabén & Sjögren. pp. 133–134. ISBN 9129410355. 
  2. ^ a b Andrén, Anders (2011). Det Medeltida Gotland. En arkeologisk guidebok (in Swedish). Lund: Historiska Media. pp. 221–222. ISBN 978-91-85873-83-8. 
  3. ^ Svanberg, Jan (1995). Karlsson, Lennart, ed. Signums svenska konsthistoria: Den romanska konsten (in Swedish). Lund: Signum. p. 199. ISBN 91-87896-23-0. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 57°15′50″N 18°20′29″E / 57.26389°N 18.34139°E / 57.26389; 18.34139