Farfantepenaeus duorarum

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Farfantepenaeus duorarum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Family: Penaeidae
Genus: Farfantepenaeus
Species: F. duorarum
Binomial name
Farfantepenaeus duorarum
(Burkenroad, 1939) [1]
Synonyms

Penaeus duorarum Burkenroad, 1939

Farfantepenaeus duorarum is a species of marine penaeid shrimp found around Bermuda, along the east coast of the United States and in the Gulf of Mexico.[2] They are a significant commercial species in the United States and Cuba.

Distribution[edit]

Farfantepenaeus duorarum are found in the Atlantic around Bermuda, along the coast of the United States from Massachusetts to Texas, and along the Mexican coast from Tamaulipas to Campeche.[2] They live at depths of 2–70 metres (7–230 ft), exceptionally to 230 m (750 ft), with highest densities at 11–36 m (36–118 ft), on compacted mud, silt or sandy bottoms, or amongst shells. Juveniles are found in marine or estuarine waters, while adults are marine.[2]

Description[edit]

Females grow up to 280 mm (11 in) long, and males 269 mm (10.6 in) long.[2]

Fishery[edit]

Global capture of Farfantepenaeus duorarum in thousand tonnes
reported by the FAO, 1950–2010 [3]

Taxonomy[edit]

Farfantepenaeus duorarum was first described by Martin Burkenroad in 1939, under the name Penaeus duorarum. It was transferred to Farfantepenaeus when that new genus was erected by Rudolf N. Burukovsky in 1997.[4] The FAO's preferred name for the species is northern pink shrimp; other common names, used in the USA, are pink shrimp, spotted shrimp, pink-spotted shrimp, brown-spotted shrimp, grooved shrimp, green shrimp, pink night shrimp, red shrimp, hopper, skipper, pushed shrimp and bait shrimp.[2][5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sammy De Grave (2012). "Farfantepenaeus duorarum". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 4 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Species Fact Sheets: Penaeus duorarum (Burkenroad, 1939)". Food and Agriculture Organization. Retrieved 4 November 2012. 
  3. ^ Based on data sourced from the FishStat database, FAO.
  4. ^ Rudolf N. Burukovsky (1997). "Selection of a type species for Farfantepenaeus Burukovsky (Crustacea: Decapoda: Penaeidae)". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 110 (1): 154. 
  5. ^ Pink shrimp NOAA FishWatch. Retrieved 4 November 2012.

Further reading[edit]

  • Holthuis L. B. (1980) Shrimps and Prawns of the World. An Annotated Catalogue of Species of Interest to Fisheries, FAO Fisheries Synopsis No.125, Volume 1.