Faridabad

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Faridabad district.
Faridabad
फरीदाबाद
City
Faridabad is located in Haryana
Faridabad
Faridabad
Coordinates: 28°25′16″N 77°18′28″E / 28.4211°N 77.3078°E / 28.4211; 77.3078Coordinates: 28°25′16″N 77°18′28″E / 28.4211°N 77.3078°E / 28.4211; 77.3078
Country India
State Haryana
District Faridabad
Area
 • Total 2,151.00 km2 (830.51 sq mi)
Elevation 198 m (650 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,404,653
 • Density 1,020/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Demonym Faridabadi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 12100X
Telephone code 0129
Vehicle registration HR51, HR29, HR38(commercial)
Website faridabad.nic.in

Faridabad is the largest city in the north Indian state of Haryana, in Faridabad district. It is a leading industrial center and situated in the National Capital Region (India) near the Indian capital New Delhi. It is located between Delhi, Noida, Greater Noida and Gurgaon. It is surrounded by Delhi to its North, Noida to its North East, Greater Noida to its East and Gurgaon to its West. Thus it is easily accessible from all locations in National Capital Region (India). Down the way in South alongside National Highway 2 it has Palwal, Mathura (along Vrindavan) and then Agra. Faridabad enjoys a prime location both geographically and politically.[1] The river Yamuna forms the eastern district boundary with Uttar Pradesh.

The newly developed residential and industrial part of Faridabad (Sec. 66 to 89) between Agra Canal and Yamuna River is commonly referred as Neharpar or Greater Faridabad. The area is being developed as a self-sustained sub-city with wide roads, tall buildings, malls, educational institutions, and health and commercial centers. Sector 66 to 74 are Industrial Sectors whereas Sector 75 to 89 are Residential Sectors.

The Delhi-Agra National Highway No.2 (Sher Shah Suri Marg) passes through the centre of the Faridabad district. The city has many railway stations on the Delhi-Mathura double track broad-gauge line of the North Central Railway. The railway stations of Old Faridabad and New Industrial Township are the major ones.

Faridabad is also a major industrial hub of Haryana 50% of the income tax collected in Haryana is from Faridabad and Gurgaon.[2] Faridabad is famous for henna production from the agricultural sector, while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes and tyres constitute its primary industrial products.

For ease of Civil Administration, Faridabad district is divided into two sub divisions viz. Faridabad and Ballabgarh, each headed by a Sub Divisional Magistrate. The Municipal Corporation of Faridabad (MCF) provides the urban civic amenities to the citizens of Faridabad City. Palwal, Hodal and Hathin Sub Divisions are now part of the newly created Palwal District.[3]

History[edit]

Faridabad, the south-eastern district in the state of Haryana, was founded in 1607 AD by Farid, the treasurer of Jahangir, with the object of protecting the Grand Trunk Road (now National Highway 2) which passed through the town. Sheikh Farid built a fort, a tank and a mosque which are now in ruins. Later on, it became the headquarters of a Pargana which was held in jagir by Ballabgarh ruler. Faridabad District came into existence on 15 August 1979 as the 12th district of the state. Faridabad District was carved out from erstwhile Gurgaon District.

As a part of Pakistani Refugee Resettlement Project after the Partition of India, light industrial development was initiated in the town in 1950. At that time Delhi was completely filled and then prime minister Jawahar Lal Nehru had the responsibility of economic development and transferred the industries to this city and the refugees worked in these industries. Thus, refugees laid down the initial infrastructure of the present Faridabad.

Geography[edit]

Faridabad is located at 28°26′N 77°19′E / 28.43°N 77.32°E / 28.43; 77.32.[4] It has an average elevation of 198 metres (649 ft).

City is located on the plains of the Yamuna river. It is bordered by the Yamuna to the east and Aravali hills towards the west and southwest. Today, virtually all of the land has been developing with residential housing as the population of the city swelled during the mid-1990s.

Much like the rest of India, the people of Faridabad rely on the ground water for their basic needs which is the gift of good monsoon season.

Faridabad close proximity to River Yamuna makes its land very appropriate for long term sustainability and for making sufficient natural resources like water available to its residents. Further unlike Gurgaon which is prone to direct hot summer winds coming from Jaipur (in Rajasthan), Faridabad is blessed because of Aravali Range Mountains between Gurgaon and Faridabad blocking hot summer winds to enter its geographical space.

Climate[edit]

Faridabad
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
18
 
21
8
 
 
26
 
23
10
 
 
25
 
30
15
 
 
33
 
36
21
 
 
24
 
39
26
 
 
72
 
39
28
 
 
168
 
35
27
 
 
195
 
34
26
 
 
105
 
34
25
 
 
9
 
33
19
 
 
4
 
28
13
 
 
9
 
22
8
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Weather 2[5]

The climate of Faridabad district can be classified as tropical steppe, hot semi-arid (Köppen BSh) which is mainly characterized by the extreme dryness of the air except during monsoon months. During three months of south west monsoon from last week of June to September, the moist air of oceanic penetrate into the district and causes high humidity, cloudiness and monsoon rainfall. The period from October to December constitutes post monsoon season. The cold weather season prevails from January to the beginning of March and followed by the hot weather or summer season which prevails up to the last week of June.

The normal annual rainfall in Faridabad district is about 542 mm (21.3 in) spread over 27 days. The south west monsoon sets in the last week of June and withdraws towards the end of September and contributes about 85% of the annual rainfall. July and August are the wettest months 15% of the annual rainfall occurs during the non-monsoon months in the wake of thunder storms and western disturbances.

Climate data for Faridabad
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21
(70)
23
(73)
30
(86)
36
(97)
39
(102)
39
(102)
35
(95)
34
(93)
34
(93)
33
(91)
28
(82)
22
(72)
31.2
(88)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
10
(50)
15
(59)
21
(70)
26
(79)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
19
(66)
13
(55)
8
(46)
18.8
(65.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.71)
26
(1.02)
25
(0.98)
33
(1.3)
24
(0.94)
72
(2.83)
168
(6.61)
195
(7.68)
105
(4.13)
9
(0.35)
4
(0.16)
9
(0.35)
688
(27.06)
Source: Weather 2[5]

Demographics[edit]

As per provisional data of 2011 census Faridabad had a population of 1,404,653, out of which males were 750,446 and females were 654,207. The literacy rate was 84.88 per cent.

Sports[edit]

Facilities for cricket are available in Nahar Singh Stadium which was built in 1981, the ground has a capacity to hold around 25,000 people. The last ODI played here was between India and England on 31 March 2006. There is a golf-course here named Aravali Golf Club with 18 holes play plan. It is one of the oldest golf-course of India.

There is also a Khel Parisar sport complex in sector 12, facilitating Swimming, Horse Riding, Tennis, Football,Roller Skating etc.

District administration[edit]

Aggarwal)

Economy[edit]

Various big companies have established their headquarters here. Few of them are NHPC, JCB, ABB, Escorts, Yamaha etc. There are some IT Companies also like Damco Solutionas, Abacus Softech, etc. who established their database centres here. Faridabad is a massive economic engine of Haryana. Faridabad generates over 50% of the income tax for the Haryana government.

Agriculture[edit]

Faridabad was earlier famous for Mehandi production. Today also Faridabad's Mehndi is renowned all over the world. Its annual turnover is more than 500 crores. Wheat was grown in Faridabad before but the agriculture has moved towards the villages of Haryana as Faridabad saw a boom in the population in the early 90s. Almost all of the agricultural land has been taken over by residential housing and by property dealers.

Central government offices[edit]

Faridabad has benefited from plans of Union Government to decongest Delhi by shifting a number of Central Government Offices to Faridabad. Many directorates of different union government ministries are headquartered in Faridabad. The prominent among them are Central Ground Water Board, Department of Plant Quarantine and Central Insecticide Lab. A number of Union Government Offices from Haryana are based here such as Commissioner of Central Excise within Department of Revenue, Government of India, Department of Explosives, Department of Labour, etc. The Apex Central Training Institute of the Department of Revenue, Government of India, National Academy of Customs Excise & Narcotics is located at Sector 29. This has started functioning from this campus in 1996.

Manufacturing[edit]

Faridabad is the industrial capital of India. It is home to hundreds of large-scale companies like Lafarge, Shova, Imperial Auto Ltd., Birla VXL, elofic filters, Star Wire India Limited, JCB, Escorts group, Yamaha, Knorr Bremse, ACE-cranes, ABB, GoodYear, ACC, NHPC Ltd, IndianOil (R&D), Whirlpool, Havell's, L&T, Bhartia cutler hammer / BCH Electric Ltd www.bchindia.com, Mahindra Defence, Frick India Ltd., Orient Fans, Talbros, Bharat Gears, Clutch Auto, Hyderabad Industries, Lakhani shoes, Khaitan, Marathon Electric India Private Limited, JBM Group, Tecumseh, SPL,Norisys,Superflame,Hemla,Pooja forge,glen appliances,Wings automotives,Richa knit,Bony Rubber,Hitkari Udyog,Hindustan vacuum glass,Thomson press,Shahi exports, and many more.

It is also a hub of 50,000 small-scale industries, mostly mechanical and light engineering goods industries.

Military[edit]

The Indian Air Force (IAF) operates Raja Nahar Singh Base as a logistics base in Faridabad. The resident unit is No.56 Air Storage Park as well as the Air Force Guard Dog Training Unit. The IAF Base has commanded by a Group Captain of the Logistics Branch. Formerly, a SA-2 SAM Squadron was also based in Faridabad. Although there is no army organisation in the city, there are many retired army officers settled here.

Communications[edit]

Faridabad is well connected by the latest means of communications that includes GSM, WLL, Dialup internet connection, DSL internet connection, Leased line internet connection.

Govt operated fixed line/land line telephone connections privately operated, world class network of fixed line phones.

Apart from electronics means of communication, the city is well connected through the postal services as well. Government owned Indian Postal Service and privately owned postal services like First Flight, DHL, FedEx, DTDC, Blue Dart etc. can be easily accessed.

Transportation and Connectivity[edit]

Faridabad is located between Delhi, Noida, Greater Noida and Gurgaon. It is surrounded by Delhi to its North, Noida to its North East, Greater Noida to its East and Gurgaon to its West. Thus it is easily accessible from all locations in NCR. Faridabad is well-connected to the state capital Chandigarh by NH 1 and NH 22 and other cities of Haryana like Rohtak, Panipat and Ambala.

Rail[edit]

DelhiMetroPurpleLine

Faridabad is on the broad gauge of New Delhi- Mumbai Line. New Delhi and Hazrat Nizammudin Railway Station is about 25 km away from Faridabad Station. The trains for big cities like Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad are easily accessible from here. Local Trains runs between New Delhi to Faridabad.

There are three railway stations in the city viz. Faridabad (FDB), New Town Faridabad (FDN) and Ballabgarh (BVH). Earlier it was the last station of central railway, but now it has been included in Northern railway. It is a very high revenue generating source for railways as thousands of people move daily in local trains to and from Delhi for education/professions.

Metro[edit]

The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation is extending the metro rail service to the city as well. The Violet Line (Delhi Metro) which is presently upto Badarpur, Delhi Border is being extended upto YMCA Chowk in Faridabad providing access to entire Faridabad area across National Highway 2. The Delhi-Faridabad Metro work is in its final stage and the services are going to be commenced soon within few months[6] Further as per recent Govt. plans the Delhi-Faridabad Metro facility will be later extended even upto Ballabhgarh making it the widest Metro connected region in NCR[7]

Haryana Govt. is also planning starting work towards Metro connectivity between Gurgaon, Faridabad and Greater Noida once Metro services between Delhi and Faridabad commence[8]

Road[edit]

The National Highway-2 (Delhi-Mathura Road) passes through the city, and thus it is well connected to nearby states. Roadways services of Haryana (Haryana Roadways) and neighbouring states like Delhi Transport Corporation, Uttar Pardesh Transport Department, and Madhya Pradesh Transport Department are easily accessible. Faridabad is also connected to Gurgaon through Gurgaon-Faridabad Road which starts from Sec 26 in Gurgaon and end near Badhkal Lake in Faridabad. Faridabad is going to become the best connected locations in NCR in the coming years because of multiple factors including (1) Two bridges connecting Greater Faridabad to Noida and Greater Noida and (2) Kalindi Kunj Bypass Road Project.

  • Two upcoming bridges over Yamuna will connect Greater Faridabad to Noida and Greater Noida. One of the bridges is proposed to link Noida's Sector 168 with Faridabad's Badoli village (Near Bypass Road)[9] The other bridge would connect Faridabad-Noida-Ghaziabad (FNG) expressway from Noida's Sector 150 to National Highway 2 in Faridabad which is a part of the planned Eastern Peripheral Expressway also termed as National Expressway 2 (India) or KGP (Kundli-Ghaziabad-Palwal) Expressway. Government has already approved construction of the road connecting Faridabad and Greater Noida that will improve the connectivity with clearances received from both Haryana and Uttar Pradesh Governments[10] The much-awaited FNG (Faridabad-Noida-Ghaziabad Expressway) is finally coming on track and will provide fast connectivity to daily commuters of the area once complete; apart from this, it is also emerging as an excellent stretch for real estate development. FNG Expressway is around 56 km long with 19.9 km in Noida-Greater Noida region, 8 km in Ghaziabad, while the rest 28.1 km is in the Faridabad region, especially the developing sectors of Neharpar. According to the plan, FNG from Noida side will become operational in the next 14 months while it would take three years for the whole stretch to become fully operational[11] The completed expressway designed by IIT-Roorkee will offer commuters direct connectivity between Noida and Greater Faridabad and put an end to massive traffic jams[12]
  • Kalindi Kunj Bypass Project has been approved which will connect DND Flyway at Maharani Bagh, Delhi to Faridabad Bypass Road near Badarpur Border. According to PWD officials, the bypass will connect the DND Flyway, cutting across the Agra Canal along the Yamuna, which runs perpendicular to Sarita Vihar and ends near Badarpur border, which further connects to Faridabad. "Commuters heading from east Delhi, South Delhi and Noida to Faridabad will be able to avoid the road to Ashram Chowk completely and that will help decongest the area for local users. The estimated cost of the project is Rupees 200 Crores and will be competed in two phases. In the first phase the stretch from Maharani Bagh (at DND Flyway) to Kalindi Kunj will be completed. In the second phase the stretch from Kalindi Kunj to Faridabad will see completion[13] The bypass will dramatically reduce travel time between Delhi and Faridabad as it will serve as an alternative to Mathura Road. Unified Traffic and Transportation Infrastructure (Planning and Engineering) Centre (UTTIPEC) gave the Public Works Department (PWD) its consent to move ahead after Lieutenant-Governor Najeeb Jung gave the approval to the project.

Additional Connectivity between Faridabad and Greater Faridabad/ Neharpar Faridabad

Haryana Govt. has planned construction of four bridges over Agra Canal to connect Faridabad with Greater Faridabad (or Neharpar) in addition to three already functional bridges. At present three bridges i.e., Kheri, BPTP and Palla connects Faridbad with Greater Faridabad (or Neharpar). HUDA is soon going to start construction work of four additional bridges connecting Faridabad with Greater Faridabad. The first bridge will connect Sec. 74 and 75 in Greater Faridabad with Sec. 3 & 8 in Faridabad. The second bridge will connect Sec. 81 and 86 in Greater Faridabad with Sec. 14 and 17 in Faridabad. The third bridge will connect Sec. 86 and 87 in Greater Faridabad with Sec. 17 and 18 in Faridabad. The fourth bridge will connect Sec. 89 in Greater Faridabad with Sec. 19 and 29 in Faridabad. All bridges will be of six lanes[14]

Air[edit]

Faridabad is served by Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi which is around 35 km from Faridabad.

Tourism[edit]

The city has a big name in hotel industry. There are number of 5 star hotels in the city like Hotel Claridges, Taj hotel, Hotel Rajhans, Taj Gateway Hotel, etc. and many more 4 star categorised also like Park Plaza, Hotel Atrium, Sarovar Portico, etc. There are several shopping malls occupied with renowned brands in the city like Crown Interiorz, Crown Plaza, City Mall, SRS Mall, Eldeco Station1, EF3 mall, Mall Manhuttan and many more

Badkhal Lake[edit]

Dried Badkhal lake

Badkhal Lake was located in Badkhal village, 8 km from Delhi Border. The lake fringed by Aravalli hills was a man-made embankment. Owing to unchecked mining in the neighbouring Aravallis, the lake has totally dried up. There are functional Haryana Tourism restaurants in the vicinity. A flower show is held every spring here. Its name is most probably derived from the Persian word bedakhal, which means free from interference. Close to Badhkal Lake, is the Peacock Lake, which is another picturesque spot.

The lake is dried up and no lake exists apart from a dry ground.

Suraj Kund Tourist Complex and the crafts fair[edit]

Suraj Kund

Situated at a distance of around 8 km from South Delhi, it is an ideal picnic spot. The Suraj Kund Lake[15] here is surrounded by rock cut steps. Built by Surajpal Tomar, Suraj Kund represents the rising sun. Ruins of a Sun temple lie around the lake. The complex includes a beautifully done-up Rajhans, a pool of fresh water – Siddha Kund; its waters said to have healing properties and a garden. A delightful handloom and handicrafts fair is held here annually in February. Skilled artisans from all over the country display the rich crafts tradition of India in the typical setting of a rural Indian marketplace. Cultural programmes like folk dances, magic, acrobats and rural cuisines are also a part of this colourful fair. One can also see traditional crafts being made and buy them direct from the craftsmen. Food is served in Banana leaves and claypots.

Raja Nahar Singh Palace[edit]

Nahar Singh Mahal is also commonly known as Ballabgarh Fort-Palace was built by the predecessor of Jat Raja Nahar Singh. As a matter of respect and remembrance this palace was given the name of Raja Nahar Singh who died in a war of independence. This palace is known for its architecture. This is located at main road entering in Ballabgarh market which is at a distance of about 45 km from Delhi. The palace was recently worked with antiques and relics of a bygone past.

Other visitor attractions[edit]

Education[edit]

Vidyantariksha

Faridabad has several regionally reputed institutes for primary and secondary education. Some of the top schools of the city are Delhi Public School, Sector 19 and Sec-81, St. Peter's School in Sector 16A, Modern D.P.S., Aravali International School Sec 43 and Sec 81, St Anthony's Convent School Sec-9, Modern Vidya Niketan Sec 17,MVN Aravali Hills, Ryan International School Sec- 21b, St. John`s school, Apeejay School, Dynasty International School Sector-28, Eicher School, Modern School, St. Thomas School, Carmel Convent, Saint Joseph's Convent School, Tagore Academy, Holy Child school sector-29, Aggarwal Public School, Pal Vanshikam Educatioanl Centre, DAV Public School, Gita Bal Niketan, Bhagwan Sri Ram's Academy, K.L. Mehta Dayanand, Gita Convent, Grand Columbus and Vidya Sanskar. Manav Rachna International School, Kendriya Vidyalaya's (total 3) are also located in Faridabad. D.A.V Centunary college, D.A.V.I.M, K L Mehta and Nehru college that offer graduate and undergraduate courses. Faridabad houses the reputed Lingaya's University ,MVN University and Manav Rachna International University that offer graduate and undergraduate courses, mainly in engineering and management.

Real Estate Sector[edit]

Faridabad has great potential for real estate development especially due its unique geographical location which provide easy access to all prominent places in NCR viz., South Delhi, Gurgaon, Noida and Greater Noida. Though real estate development is happening all over Faridabad but the area which has potential for development of world-class facilities is Greater Faridabad or Neharpar. The real estate sector in Greater Faridabad is booming and will be going to be very promising in future. Greater Faridabad is much more affordable and at the same time superior in several factors[17] The facilities being provided in the residential complexes are of international standards including lavish gardens, covered parking, podiums, sports and recreational facilities, health complexes, business centers, clubs, swimming pools to name a few. One of the main advantages of residential complexes in Greater Faridabad over Noida and Greater Noida is the nature of ownership. All residential complex in Greater Faridabad being in Haryana are Freehold, whereas those in Noida and Greater Noida being in UP are only leasehold which makes a big difference for the owners in the long run. Occupancy rate in residential complexes is constantly growing and in some such as Omaxe Heights in Sec. 86 it is more than 75 percent because of better facilities being offered by the builder.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

http://www.JindalCrafts.com - Manufacturer and Exporter of Premium range of Gifts, Arts & Handicrafts http://www.FaridabadYellowPages.com - A 2 Z about Faridabad

External links[edit]