Farm Credit Administration
|Formed||March 27, 1933|
|Preceding Agency||Federal Farm Board|
|Child agency||Federal Surplus Relief Corporation|
|Key document||Farm Credit Act of 1971|
The Farm Credit Administration is an independent agency of the Executive Branch of the federal government of the United States. It regulates and examines the banks, associations, and related entities of the Farm Credit System, a network of borrower-owned financial institutions that provide credit to farmers, ranchers, and agricultural and rural utility cooperatives. It derives its authority from the Farm Credit Act of 1971. The FCA is headquartered in McLean, Virginia, near Washington, DC.
The Farm Credit Administration was established by Executive Order 6084, which transferred most of the functions of the Federal Farm Board to the new Agricultural Adjustment Administration. The Federal Farm Board was then renamed the Farm Credit Administration.
The Farm Credit Act of 1933 provides for organizations within the Farm Credit Administration. The Farm Credit Act of 1933 was part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal, to help farmers refinance mortgages over a longer time at below-market interest rates at regional and national banks. This helped farmers recover from the Dustbowl. The Emergency Farm Mortgage Act loaned funds to farmers in danger of losing their properties. The campaign refinanced 20% of farmer's mortgages.
An Executive order by Roosevelt in 1933 placed all existing agricultural credit organizations under the supervision of a new agency, the Farm Credit Administration. This included the Federal Farm Board. The Farm Credit Administration was independent until 1939, when it became part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, but became an independent agency again under the Farm Credit Act of 1953. This Act created a Federal Farm Credit Board with 13 members (one from each of the 12 agricultural districts and one appointed by the Secretary of Agriculture) to develop policy for the Farm Credit Administration.
The Farm Credit Act of 1971 recodified all previous acts governing the Farm Credit System.
- About FCA
- "1933 - March 27: President Roosevelt issues Executive Order 6084 creating the Farm Credit Administration, to be effective in 60 days". Farm Credit Archive. Farm Credit System.
- Peters,Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Franklin D. Roosevelt: "Executive Order 6084 Consolidating Federal Farm Credit Agencies" March 27, 1933". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
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