Farm to Market Road 400

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Farm to Market Road 400 marker

Farm to Market Road 400
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length: 85.417 mi[1][nb 1] (137.465 km)
Existed: 1945 – present
Major junctions
South end: US 87 north of Tahoka
  US 84 in Slaton
US 62 / US 82 / SH 114 east of Idalou
US 70 in Plainview
North end: FM 145 east of Kress
Location
Counties: Lynn, Lubbock, Hale, Swisher
Highway system
FM 399 FM 401
FM 400 passing through Yellow House Canyon of Lubbock County, Texas.

Farm to Market Road 400 (FM 400) is a farm to market road located in Lynn, Lubbock, Hale, and Swisher counties in the Llano Estacado of Texas.[1]

Route description[edit]

The southern terminus of FM 400 is at an interchange with US 87 north of the Tahoka city limits.[2] The route travels to the northeast through rural areas of Lynn County, passing to the west of Tahoka Lake and through Wilson along that city's 10th Street before entering Lubbock County.[3] In Slaton, FM 400 turns to the north and crosses US 84 near the southern city limits before entering that city's downtown, where it is concurrent with Bus. US 84 along 9th Street for 2.4 miles (3.9 km). The route leaves Slaton and continues north along Vetch Avenue, passing to the east of Slaton Airport, then descending into and climbing out of Yellow House Canyon, to the east of the community of Ransom Canyon.[4] The next major intersection is just east of Idalou, with US 62 / US 82 / SH 114.[5] Continuing north, FM 400 crosses into Hale County, approximately 9.0 miles (14.5 km) east of Abernathy.[6] It has a concurrency of about 2.0 miles (3.2 km) with FM 37 and passes through the farming community of Happy Union before entering Plainview, where it is known as Date Street.[7] The highway crosses US 70 and then briefly turns to the east along 24th Street before resuming its northward journey.[8] FM 400 has a brief concurrency with FM 788 in northern Hale County; after the two routes separate, FM 400 enters Swisher County, and reaches its northern terminus at FM 145 east of Kress.[9]

History[edit]

FM 400 was originally designated on June 25, 1945; its original routing was exclusively in Lubbock County, from Idalou northward to the Hale County line.[1] On July 9 of that same year saw an extension northward, into Hale County and to a junction with FM 54 west of Petersburg. The road was lengthened, this time to the south, on December 16, 1948, from Idalou to a county road just north of the Slaton Airport. On March 19, 1949, a southern section of FM 400 was designated, replacing FM 1074. This southern section was in Lynn County, and ran southward from the Lubbock County line through Wilson to US 87. This created a gap in the routing of FM 400 in and around Slaton; this gap would be closed on May 23, 1951, when the two sections of FM 400 were both extended to connect with US 84 at two different points in Slaton. The route was extended northward to Plainview on January 27, 1950. It was extended north to the Swisher County line on December 17, 1952, replacing the section of FM 788 from US 70 north to the junction of FM 788 and FM 400. On October 29, 1953, it extended north to FM 145; this created the concurrency with FM 788, which TxDOT officially considers a gap in that route's mileage.[10] The route designation was amended in 1965 after the US 84 freeway bypass south of Slaton was constructed; the old location of US 84 was renumbered Loop 251, which would eventually be redesignated as Business US 84 in 1991.[11][12]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location mi[13][nb 1] km Destinations Notes
Lynn   0.0 0.0 US 87 – Tahoka, Lubbock Southern terminus
Wilson 9.6 15.4 FM 211 – New Home
Lubbock Slaton 18.3 29.5 US 84 – Lubbock, Post
18.6 29.9
Bus. US 84 south to FM 2150
South end of US 84 Bus. concurrency
19.4 31.2 FM 41 (W Division St.)
21.0 33.8
Bus. US 84 north
North end of US 84 Bus. concurrency
  27.4 44.1 FM 3523
  30.7 49.4 FM 40 – Acuff
  35.9 57.8 US 62 / US 82 / SH 114 – Idalou, Ralls
  46.0 74.0 FM 597 – Abernathy
Hale   50.7 81.6 FM 54 – Petersburg
  55.7 89.6 FM 37 east South end of FM 37 concurrency
  57.7 92.9 FM 37 west North end of FM 37 concurrency
Happy Union 60.7 97.7 FM 784
  63.7 102.5 FM 1914 – Hale Center
  65.7 105.7 FM 2883
Plainview 71.4 114.9 FM 3466
72.0 115.9 US 70 – Muleshoe, Floydada
72.9 117.3 FM 2286 (E 16th St.)
  75.8 122.0 FM 1767 (E 34th St.) – Seth Ward
  77.8 125.2 FM 3183
  78.3 126.0 FM 788 east – Providence South end of FM 788 concurrency
Swisher   79.9 128.6 FM 788 west North end of FM 788 concurrency
  87.7 141.1 FM 145 – Kress Northern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The certified length given is shorter than the actual mileage, as the TxDOT description of FM 400 considers it to be discontinuous at US 84 Business in Slaton.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "Farm to Market Road No. 400". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2011-01-18. 
  2. ^ Texas Department of Transportation Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2012). Texas County Map Book (PDF) (Map) (2012 ed.). 1:120,000. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 191. Retrieved 2011-01-18. [dead link]
  3. ^ Texas Department of Transportation Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2012). Texas County Map Book (PDF) (Map) (2012 ed.). 1:120,000. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 217. Retrieved 2011-01-18. [dead link]
  4. ^ Texas Department of Transportation Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2012). Texas County Map Book (PDF) (Map) (2012 ed.). 1:120,000. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 216. Retrieved 2011-01-18. [dead link]
  5. ^ Texas Department of Transportation Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2012). Texas County Map Book (PDF) (Map) (2012 ed.). 1:120,000. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 190. Retrieved 2011-01-18. [dead link]
  6. ^ Texas Department of Transportation Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2012). Texas County Map Book (PDF) (Map) (2012 ed.). 1:120,000. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 189. Retrieved 2011-01-18. [dead link]
  7. ^ Texas Department of Transportation Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2012). Texas County Map Book (PDF) (Map) (2012 ed.). 1:120,000. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 188. Retrieved 2011-01-18. [dead link]
  8. ^ Texas Department of Transportation Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2012). Texas County Map Book (PDF) (Map) (2012 ed.). 1:120,000. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 214. Retrieved 2011-01-18. [dead link]
  9. ^ Texas Department of Transportation Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2012). Texas County Map Book (PDF) (Map) (2012 ed.). 1:120,000. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 213. Retrieved 2011-01-18. [dead link]
  10. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "Farm to Market Road No. 788". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2011-01-18. 
  11. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "State Highway Loop No. 251". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2011-01-18. 
  12. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "Business U.S. Highway No. 84-E". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2011-01-18. 
  13. ^ Google (2011-01-18). "Overview map of Farm to Market Road 400 Distances Between Interchanges" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2011-01-18.