Farm to Market Road 521

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Farm to Market Road 521 marker

Farm to Market Road 521
Route information
Length: 94.612 mi[1] (152.263 km)
Existed: 1945 [1] – present
Major junctions
North end:
Alt. US 90 in Houston
  I‑610 in Houston
Beltway 8 / Sam Houston Tollway in Houston
SH 6 in Arcola
SH 35 in Bailey's Prairie
SH 332 (runs concurrently into Brazoria.
SH 36 in Brazoria (End of Highway 332)
SH 60 in Wadsworth
South end: SH 35 outside Palacios
Highway system
FM 520 FM 522

Farm to Market Road 521 is a state highway the U.S. state of Texas.

The road is one of the longest farm-to-market roads in the state at almost 95 miles (153 km). It starts near U.S. Highway 90A near downtown Houston and passes south and southwest through Harris, Brazoria, and Matagorda counties.

Inside Houston, the road has been designated as Urban Road 521, but the designation is only used in official state files. In Houston, it's known as Almeda Road. South of South MacGregor Way, Almeda Road has a wide median, and this was the originally proposed alignment for the South Freeway.[2][3]

In the future, the wide median of Almeda Road is the proposed location for the exit lanes of the South Freeway future toll lanes. The exit lanes will travel north on Almeda road and cross over Holly Hall Street before merging with traffic on Almeda Road.[4]

History[edit]

FM 521 was originally designated from SH 36 in Brazoria to SH 35 in Bailey's Prairie. In 1953, the section of FM 524 from its junction with FM 521 to SH 35, FM 1090 from FM 524 to FM 457, and FM 1469 from FM 457 to SH 60 were all cancelled and combined with FM 521. In 1954, FM 1096 from SH 60 west 2.5 miles and FM 460 from SH 35 east 6 miles were cancelled and combined with FM 521. Additional mileage was added from the end of FM 1096 to the end of FM 460. One month later, FM 521 extended northeast 10.8 miles to SH 288 (now BS 288-B). In 1955, FM 521 was rerouted around Wadsworth. Part of the old route was renumbered as FM 2078. In 1956, one section in Brazoria was transferred to SH 332. In 1982, FM 521 extended 30 miles over the old location of SH 288 to US 90 Alternate. In 1995, the section from FM 2234 to US 90A became an urban road, but that designation is only used by the state itself.

Directional Change[edit]

From Alternate 90 in Houston to Farm to Market 1462 in Rosharon, FM 521 is signed North/South. From that intersection to the end of FM 521 in Palacios, the road is marked East/West.

Brazos River Bridge[edit]

FM 521 runs concurrently with State Highway 332 over the Brazos River bridge into Brazoria in Brazoria County. A new span was built and was opened to traffic in October of 2011, replacing the old bridge, which had been used since the 1930s.

South Texas Project[edit]

FM 521 makes a half-loop around the South Texas Project nuclear plant, west of Wadsworth in Matagorda County. Parking along the highway is not allowed on a four mile (6 km) stretch from the west to the east sides of the plant.

Junction list[edit]

County Location Mile km Destinations Notes
Matagorda   SH 35 – Palacios, Blessing
  FM 1468 north – Markham
Wadsworth SH 60 north – Bay City
  FM 457 west – Bay City
Brazoria Four Corners FM 524 north – Sweeny
Brazoria SH 36 south – Freeport South end of SH 36 overlap
SH 36 north – West Columbia North end of SH 36 overlap
SH 332 east – Lake Jackson Interchange
  SH 35 south – West Columbia South end of SH 35 overlap
Bailey's Prairie SH 35 north – Angleton North end of SH 35 overlap
  FM 523 south – Angleton
Rosharon FM 1462 – Damon, Alvin
Fort Bend Arcola SH 6 – Cypress, Galveston
Fresno FM 518 east – Pearland
Harris Houston Beltway 8 (Sam Houston Tollway)
Holmes Road, Belfront Avenue Interchange
I‑610 (South Loop Freeway)

Alt. US 90 (Old Spanish Trail)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "Farm to Market Road No. 521". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 18, 2012. 
  2. ^ Google Inc. "Almeda Road at South MacGregor Way". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/?ie=UTF8&ll=29.711286,-95.381413&spn=0.004352,0.007253&t=h&z=17. Retrieved April 21, 2008.
  3. ^ South Freeway, SH 288 Erik Slotboom, HoustonFreeways.com. Last accessed April 21, 2008.
  4. ^ Big plans for 288, but it could be better. Tory Gattis, Houston Strategies. Published February 22, 2007. Last accessed April 21, 2008.