Farnborough shown within Hampshire
|Population||57,147 (Census 2001)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Dialling code||01252, 01276|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Farnborough is a town in north east Hampshire, England, part of the borough of Rushmoor and the Aldershot Urban Area. Farnborough was founded in Saxon times and is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name is formed from Ferneberga which means "fern hill".
Geography and climate 
Farnborough is situated in northeast Hampshire and near the boundary with Surrey. The River Blackwater forms part of the boundary. It is located 34 miles (55 km) southwest of London and 16 miles (26 km) east of Basingstoke, directly to the south of junction 4 of the M3 motorway. The town lies at the centre of the Blackwater Valley conurbation, which includes Aldershot, Camberley, Yateley, Sandhurst, Frimley and Farnham.
Farnborough has incorporated several sizeable villages as it has expanded, including Cove and Southwood, both of which are now considered suburbs. It is contiguous with the garrison town of Aldershot to the south and with Frimley to the north. Based in the town is the council of the local government district of Rushmoor. The district has borough status and also covers nearby Aldershot.
Farnborough's suburban areas include Southwood, Rafborough, Cove, West Heath, Farnborough Park, Farnborough Street, North Camp, South Farnborough, Fox Lane, Hawley Lane, St. John's, St. Christopher's.
Within Farnborough the only naturally occurring significant flowing water is Cove Brook.
Farnborough's lowest temperature (-14.2c) was recorded on 20 December 2010.
Farnborough's highest temperature (36.1c) was recorded on 10 August 2003.
|Climate data for Farnborough, Hampshire, UK|
|Average high °C (°F)||8
|Average low °C (°F)||2
|Precipitation mm (inches)||62.5
Name changes: Ferneberga (11th century); Farnburghe, Farenberg (13th century); Farnborowe, Fremborough, Farneborough (16th century).
Tower Hill 
Tower Hill, Cove: There is substantial evidence that many years ago a large accumulation of Sarsen stones existed upon what later came to be known as Tower Hill. To this day well over 1,000 of these stones remain, sized from one or two ton down to loaf size, scattered, reused for many different purposes, but still within a short distance of their probable original site.
Farnborough Abbey 
The town is the home of St. Michael's Abbey. The Imperial Crypt there is the resting place of Napoleon III (1808–1873), Emperor of the French, and his wife, Eugénie de Montijo, (1826–1920) and their son, Napoléon, Prince Imperial. The crypt of St Peter's Old Parish Church is also believed to house the remains of many of the Earls of Anglesey. Since 2007 the Abbey has been the home of the Catholic National Library.
River Blackwater 
The River Blackwater on the Hampshire/Surrey border was the location of the first international prize fight between Tom Sayers and John C. Heenan, which took place near the location of the Ship Inn pub.
Samuel Cody 
Closely associated with Farnborough Airfield, situated between Farnborough and Fleet, is Samuel Franklin Cody. Cody, or Col Sam Cody as he was known, was one of the early pioneers of aviation. He died when he crashed his plane on Ball Hill, a site which is now within QinetiQ's Technology Park.
Farnborough Airfield is the site of the historic Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE).
Sir Frank Whittle 
The Tumble Down Dick 
An inn, The Tumble Down Dick Pub has been present on the A325 Farnborough Road since the 17th Century, with reputed connections to Richard Cromwell, and being the central focus of the town before its 19th century refocus toward North Camp and the town centre proper's 20th century development. The pub closed in 2008 and has remained so, now being rumoured to have a sale agreed to McDonald's restaurants, who, it is expected will demolish the property to build a drive-through.
It has also been revealed that Whitbread Brewery have agreed to purchase nearby Firgrove Parade to build a Beafeater restaurant with budget hotel above. On 1 February 2013, Rushmoor Borough Council afforded the Tumble Down Dick building an "Asset Of Community Value" opening the way to a compulsory purchase order, or for community groups to purchase the building to run as a local venue, if McDonald's planning permission should fail. Bridehall, the owners of the property, have challenged the listing, requesting a review.
Farnborough is served by three railway stations, the busiest of which is Farnborough (Main) railway station on the South Western Main Line from London Waterloo to Basingstoke and beyond. Farnborough North railway station and North Camp railway station are both on the North Downs Line between Reading and Gatwick. North Camp station is a short distance over the county border, in the Surrey village of Ash Vale.
Farnborough is part of the Borough of Rushmoor, along with Aldershot. It contains eight wards, each with three elected borough councillors. Until 2011, there were nine wards, but following the Electoral boundary reviews, Grange and Mayfield wards were merged to create Cherrywood ward. The full list of wards and their councillors is as follows:
Farnborough is represented on Hampshire County Council by three Divisions, each with a single elected representative. Each District covers three wards of Rushmoor Borough Council.
Notable residents 
French emperor Napoleon III, his wife Empress Eugenie and son Louis Napoleon are entombed in the crypt at Saint Michael's Abbey, although it was only Eugenie who was a resident of Farnborough while alive. Paul Weller, David Mellor and Anne Robinson  all went to school in Farnborough, Weller later playing at the Tumble Down Dick in The Jam's formative years. Former Middlesex County Cricket Club captain Shaun Udal, who also played for Hampshire and at international level for England, was born and raised here. Arthur English lived in Farnborough. Fernand Cabrol, monk and scholar became Prior and, later, Abbot at the Benedictine abbey.
Only some parts of Farnborough are served by two free local newspapers, The Star Courier (published from September 18, 2008 as a combination of the former Surrey Hants Star and the Aldershot Farnborough Courier) and The Rush, along with one local available for purchase, The Farnborough News & Mail. Although the local ITV news region is ITV Meridian and the local BBC TV news region is BBC South, the area is also served from Crystal Palace and Guildford transmitters carrying London programming. Farnborough is covered by BBC radio on BBC Surrey (which covers Surrey & North-East Hampshire on 104.6FM). Local commercial radio stations are 96.4 Eagle Radio and Eagle Extra as well as Heart Thames Valley.
Farnborough Aerospace Centre (Business park) 
Farnborough Aerospace Centre is a business park south of the airfield, built between 1990 and 1992. Some of the buildings are occupied by BAE Systems; however BAE Systems operational headquarters and board of directors are located at Carlton Gardens in London.
IQ Farnborough (business park) 
Adjacent to the airport, IQ Farnborough (formerly Farnborough Business Park), is a development which aims to have around 1,670,000 sq ft (155,000 m2) of new office space. There are plans to make this area a new centrepiece for Farnborough.
When completed it will include new housing, a new aviation library and the refurbishing of the listed wind tunnels on the site. Current tenants include: AgustaWestland, Autodesk, a BMW dealership, Blue Coat Systems, Bluhalo, Defence Strategy & Solutions, Imagine Homes, a hotel, Orcare Limited, Fluor Limited, and Red Hat.
On the park is the frame of a 1910 Airship Hangar which had previously been dismantled to house wind tunnels, but is now reconstructed - minus its outer skin - to make an impressive centrepiece. The structure has now been listed and protected as a Grade II building.
During the fifteenth series of Top Gear a race was performed around the business park.
Other industry 
Farnborough's North Camp district is notable as being the location of Hampshire's only full-throughput abattoir, nestled between housing and a school at Peabody Road. It is licensed to kill cows, sheep, pigs and goats.
Farnborough has one main shopping centre divided into three areas; Kingsmead and Queensmead (which are currently undergoing redevelopment into 'The Meads') and Princesmead. There are three supermarkets in Farnborough, Asda and Sainsbury's in the town centre, and Morrisons in Southwood. Towards the south of Farnborough is North Camp village with many independent retailers.
Solartron retail park is located to the West of the town centre and contains DFS, Paul Simon, Carpetright, Maplin Electronics and Pets at Home. Next to Solartron retail park is a B&Q warehouse and a Wickes DIY.
On the border with Frimley, there is a retail park known as Blackwater Retail Park (formerly Farnborough Gate), with such shops as Halfords, TK Maxx, Currys, Mamas and Papas, Outfit, Next and Boots late night, as well as a McDonalds restaurant and Costa Coffee branch.
State education 
There are currently seventeen primary schools in Farnborough.
- Cherrywood Community Primary School
- Cove Infant School
- Cove Junior School
- Fernhill Primary School
- Grange Community Junior School
- Guillemont Junior School
- Manor Infant School
- Manor Junior School
- North Farnborough Infant School
- Parsonage Farm Infant School
- South Farnborough Infant School
- South Farnborough Junior School
- Southwood Infant School
- St Bernadette's Catholic Primary School
- St Mark's Church of England Aided Primary School
- St Patrick's Catholic Primary School
- St Peter's Church of England Aided Junior School
- Tower Hill Primary School
There are three state secondary schools in Farnborough. All three are non-selective, mixed comprehensives, for pupils aged 11–16.
In order of the GCSE score (% of pupils with 5 A-Cs, including English and Maths)
- The Wavell School (60%)
- Cove School (52%)
- Fernhill School (42%)2012
There are two independent Roman Catholic secondary schools in Farnborough. Both are single-sex, selective and include sixth forms. (2012 GCSE score in parentheses)
The town is home to the Sixth Form College, Farnborough, which draws in around 3,000 students aged 16–19 from the surrounding area. In July 2002 the college was one of the first four colleges in the country to be awarded Learning and Skills Beacon status.
Farnborough College of Technology is a further-education institution specialising in BTEC, A-level and vocational courses for students aged 16+.
Higher education 
The town is well-served by several relatively local universities, all of which lie with 30 km (19 mi) of the town :-
- University for the Creative Arts, Farnham campus (9 km / 6 miles south)
- University of Surrey, Guildford (20 km / 13 miles southeast)
- Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey (20 km / 13 miles northeast)
- University of Reading (30 km / 19 miles northwest)
Town centre 
The centre of Farnborough comprises the Kingsmead, Queensmead and Princesmead shopping precincts. In February 2007, in a bid to address local perceptions, Rushmoor Borough Council unveiled plans to radically renovate the centre of Farnborough over the next two decades. The town centre study outlines major changes to the council offices, Farnborough's main railway station, the local road network and the continuation of the improvements to Farnborough's town centre, including the development of a Discovery Centre (a Hampshire County Council initiative aimed at improving libraries in the county).
Work is underway to construct a new retail area with an entertainment complex. Several new blocks of flats have also been built adjacent to the town centre. Following a public consultation during the winter 2011-12, a 'town centre prospectus' outlining extensive redevelopment plans for the whole centre, including the building of a new cinema, a significant expansion of the available retail space, a new look for Queensmead shopping street and a community-led theatre or cultural venue.
The football club, Farnborough F.C. (known as Farnborough Town FC until 2007), play in the Conference South. As Farnborough Town F.C., the team came to national prominence in 2003 when they reached the 4th round of the FA Cup, where they played the previous season's Cup winners Arsenal at Highbury. They were drawn to play the tie at home but was switched on police advice. The match was won 5-1 by Arsenal. As Farnborough F.C they have won the British Gas Business South and West and Premier division and got to the final of the Hampshire Senior Cup against Basingstoke but lost. The town's other two clubs are Cove and Farnborough North End. Both teams play in the Southern Counties League.
The club has had many financial difficulties, filing for administration in April 2013.
Established in 1915 (originally as the Royal Aircraft Factory Rugby Union Football Club) Farnborough Rugby Football Club is primarily a rugby union club based at Tile Barn Close in Farnborough. They play in Hampshire Division 1. They also have a Minis and Juniors section which caters for boys from 5 to 19 years of age and girls from 5 to 12 years of age. In the summer 2007 season they also fielded a successful rugby league team, winning the Co-op Southern Conference competition in their first year of entering.
The main cricket club in Farnborough is Cove Cricket Club. The club, first established in 1935, has steadily grown from its original “village cricket team” to the present day position of a leading club side not only in the area but also in Hampshire. It fields five senior sides on a Saturday including an Academy XI playing in the Morrant Thames Valley Cricket League and one side on a Sunday playing a combination of league and friendly games. For many years now Cove have invested heavily into establishing a successful colts section to develop club players of the future as well as District and County representative teams. The investment has seen the number of qualified coaches treble in the last couple of years. In 2007 Cove established a mini's section, providing cricket related fun on a Monday evening for players aged 4 to 7. In 2008 Cove launched a Cricket Academy with the objective of developing the technical ability and all-round game knowledge of future 1st XI players. Cove run boys teams at U9, U11, U13, and U15 and girls teams at U13 and U15. In addition to the on field activities, Cove work hard to encourage the players families to become part of the club and run several family oriented social evenings throughout the year.
Another cricket team, the "Frogmore Amateur Cricket Club", currently based in nearby Frogmore are planning a relocation to Farnborough.
Camberley and Farnborough Hockey Club play men and women's field hockey in nearby Camberley (Kings International College), but draw many players from the region. The London 2012 Bronze medal winning Alex Danson also went to school and played hockey at Farnborough Hill.
The Farnborough District Motor Club holds rallies, autocross, sprint, hillclimbing events throughout the year.
Twinned towns 
Rushmoor is twinned with:
Neighbouring areas 
|Farnborough Airfield||Aldershot||Ash Vale|
See also 
- "Average Weather for Farnborough, ENG". June 2011. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- 'Parishes: Farnborough', A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 4 (1911), pp. 15–18. Date accessed: 1 October 2008.
- "Farnborough — Towns and Villages in Hampshire". Visit Hampshire. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
-  McDonalds plans to demolish Tumble Down Dick
- "The Tumbledown Dick public house". Rushmoor Borough Council. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
- "Travelling by train in Rushmoor.". Rushmoor Borough Council. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- Ordnance Survey (2007). Guildford & Farnham : Godalming & Farnborough (Map). 1 : 25,000. Explorer (B2 ed.). ISBN 978-0-319-23926-1.
- "Electoral boundary reviews- Rushmoor Borough Council". Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- "One in four children in ward living in 'poverty'- Gethampshire". Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- Napoleon III entombed in St Michael's Abbey
- Former pupil - Anne Robinson
- Shaun Udal
- T.E. Lawrence at School of Photography in Farnborough
- Farnborough News and Mail
- Farnborough Business Park
- North camp abattoir
- Farnborough Hill
- "Farnborough town centre study". Rushmoor District Council. Retrieved 2009-09-26.
- "New plans for Farnborough town centre- Rushmoor Borough Council". Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- Farnborough F.C.
- Farnborough RFC
- Cove Cricket Club
- Camberley and Farnborough Hockey Club
- "FDMC - Farnborough District Motor Club, Hampshire, England". farnboroughdmc.org.uk (in German). Archived from the original on 2012-03-12. Retrieved 2012-03-12.
- The Farnborough Society. Retrieved on 13 January 2011.
http://www.tutiempo.net/en/Climate/Farnborough/2003/37680.htm weather records
- Rushmoor Borough Council
- Historic Farnborough
- Hantsphere: Hampshire's Heritage in Place
- The Farnborough Explorer