Farnborough Airport

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Farnborough Airport
TAG London Farnborough Airport
Farnborough2008-073.jpg
IATA: FABICAO: EGLF
Summary
Airport type Private
Owner Techniques d'Avant Garde (TAG)
Operator TAG Farnborough Airport Ltd.
Serves Farnborough, Aldershot
Location Farnborough, Rushmoor, Hampshire
Elevation AMSL 238 ft / 73 m
Coordinates 51°16′31″N 000°46′39″W / 51.27528°N 0.77750°W / 51.27528; -0.77750Coordinates: 51°16′31″N 000°46′39″W / 51.27528°N 0.77750°W / 51.27528; -0.77750
Website www.tagaviation.com
Map
EGLF is located in Hampshire
EGLF
EGLF
Location in Hampshire
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 2,440 8,005 Asphalt
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[1]

Farnborough Airport or TAG London Farnborough Airport (IATA: FABICAO: EGLF) (previously called RAE Farnborough, ICAO Code EGUF) is an operational business/executive general aviation airport in Farnborough, Rushmoor, Hampshire, England. The 310-hectare (770-acre) airport covers about 8% of Rushmoor's land area.[2]

Farnborough Aerodrome has a CAA Ordinary Licence (Number P864) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction as authorised by the licensee (TAG Farnborough Airport Limited).[3]

The first powered flight in Britain was at Farnborough on 5 October 1908, when Samuel Cody took off in his British Army Aeroplane No 1.

The airfield is the home of the Farnborough Airshow which is held in even numbered years. It is also home to the Air Accidents Investigation Branch, part of the Department for Transport.

History[edit]

Farnborough Airport has a long history, beginning at the start of the 20th century with the creation of His Majesty's Balloon Factory and the first powered flight in Britain in 1908.[4] This subsequently became the Royal Aircraft Establishment, a connection which continues in the Farnborough Air Sciences Trust museum.

Farnborough airfield and RAE was bombed by Germany on the 13th August 1940 by a flight of Junkers 88 A-1’s from the KG54 squadron during World War 2.[5]

The civil enclave was operated by Farnborough Business Aviation until 2003, when the Ministry of Defence stopped operations at Farnborough. All experimental aircraft were moved to MoD Boscombe Down; the airport was taken over by TAG Aviation. Commercial defence research by research firm QinetiQ continues in the adjoining Cody Technology Park.

Farnborough Airfield appeared in the 2008 James Bond film Quantum of Solace, as the Austrian airport from which Bond flies.[6][7] The airfield was also a location for the 2010 film Inception.[7]

Infrastructure[edit]

Full-scale model of the Gloster E.28/39 displayed as a gate guardian recalling the early days of the airfield as a research establishment

After TAG took control of the airport from the MOD, it invested in a series of new infrastructure projects, including a new radar unit and a resurfaced runway. The most striking new constructions were a new control tower, a large hangar unit, and finally a brand new terminal building that opened in 2006, all designed by Reid Architecture and Buro Happold. The designs won a series of awards, and were nominated for Building of the Year by Building Magazine in 2007. The terminal was formally opened by HRH Prince Andrew.

Operations[edit]

TAG Aviation is a multinational business aviation operator, with aircraft based in Farnborough, Switzerland, and Madrid. Business aviation has grown from a low level in 1989 to around 23,000 movements in 2013.

The airport is home to a number of the UK's largest business jet companies, including Gama Aviation Executive Jet Charter and Bookajet.

Farnborough Airport sees the bulk of its traffic from conventional business jets, such as the Cessna Citation, Gulfstream, Dassault Falcon, Learjet, Bombardier Challenger, Bombardier Global 5000, Bombardier Global XRS and BAe 125. The airport is also popular with operators of larger aircraft, such as the Boeing 737 and Airbus A319; however, the use of these types is heavily restricted, with nothing larger than a 737-800 permitted except during the airshow.

The airport's only scheduled services are operated by BAE Systems, whose headquarters are next to the airport: they fly a BAe 146 on a twice-daily shuttle service to Warton Aerodrome, Monday–Thursday, and a single Jetstream 41 shuttle flight to Warton on Fridays. There is also Beechcraft King Air 200 service to Walney Island. This service runs 1–4 times a day Monday–Friday.

The Air Accidents Investigation Branch has its head office in Farnborough House,[8] located in a compound within Farnborough Airport.[9]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

During the Farnborough Airshow on 6 September 1952, a de Havilland Sea Vixen crashed.[10] Following a demonstration of its ability to break the sound barrier, the aircraft disintegrated, killing 31 people, including the crew of two: test pilot and record breaker John Derry and Tony Richards.[10] This incident led to major changes to the safety regulations for air shows in the UK, and since this crash no spectator has died as a result of an airshow accident in the UK.[10]

During the 4 September 1984 Farnborough Airshow, a de Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo was destroyed when it struck Runway 25 during landing after a steep short-final descent while demonstrating its STOL capabilities to spectators and customers. The nosegear collapsed, followed by failure of the wing spar on both sides near the fuselage, both propellers shedding blades and the plane skidding to a halt on the runway. The two crew and one passenger survived the crash; nobody else was injured. The accident was attributed to pilot error, with gusty wind conditions as a major factor.[11]

Opposition to airport expansion[edit]

The airport was originally restricted to 28,000 movements each year, of which no more than 2,500 were permitted at weekends. In October 2005, TAG applied to Rushmoor Borough Council to have the weekend limit raised to 5,000 movements. The application was initially refused, but allowed by the Government on appeal in March 2008 after a Public Inquiry. A further application for an increase in the overall limit to 50,000 movements per annum was refused by Rushmoor Borough Council in 2009 and an appeal against this refusal was heard in May 2010. In February 2011 the joint Secretaries of State decided to uphold the planning appeal and allow 50,000 annual movements, phased in until 2019.[12] The neutrality of the government was questioned by the Green Party of England and Wales after Eric Pickles, local government minister, attended a lobbying dinner where TAG chief executive, Brandon O'Reilly was present.[13]

Opposition to the business airport has been chronicled by Blackwater Environmental Justice, and Farnborough Aerodrome Residents Association (FARA) was formed by the local community to oppose the airport expansion.

Since the peak in 2007, the number of landings and take-offs covered by the planning consent has fallen by 14%.[14] However in February 2014 TAG Farnborough applied for controlled airspace to allow business jets to operate at lower levels as far as the South Downs to allow greater consistency and predictability for their private clients.[15] Opponents of this proposal state that a far larger number of other flights will then divert into a hazardous bottle-neck to the west, causing a serious risk of collisions, increased noise and increased emissions of carbon dioxide.[16] The closing date for comments on TAG's proposal was extended until 10am 12 May 2014, after TAG failed to record and acknowledge anything for five days.[15][17]

Aviation Enthusiast Scheme[edit]

To promote a closer working relationship with local enthusiasts, Hampshire Police has established an Aviation/Airport Watch Scheme.[18]

Membership does not give any additional rights compared to other members of the public but facilitates frequent contact between the police and enthusiasts.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Farnborough - EGLF
  2. ^ "Rushmoor Local Plan Review (1996-2011)." Rushmoor. Adopted August 2000. 125 (1/39). Retrieved on 30 September 2010.
  3. ^ Civil Aviation Authority Aerodrome Ordinary Licences
  4. ^ "Farnborough — Towns and Villages in Hampshire". Visit Hampshire. Retrieved 31 August 2012. 
  5. ^ Fowler, Omar (4 August 2005) [1940]. "BBC - WW2 People's War - 1940". In Freeman, Lin; derbycsv. BBC Online (bbc.co.uk) (London: BBC). OCLC 40412104. Archived from the original on 15 April 2014. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  6. ^ "Barracks and Airport provide location for Bond film". Get Hampshire. 30 October 2008. Retrieved 31 August 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "Farnborough Airport — Private Jet Charter". Retrieved 31 August 2012. 
  8. ^ "Additional information." Air Accidents Investigation Branch. Retrieved on 2 May 2010.
  9. ^ "DIRECTORATE OF ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES REPORT NO.PLN0548 SECTION C." Rushmoor Borough Council. 20 July 2005. Retrieved on 19 October 2010.
  10. ^ a b c "On This Day - 1952: Dozens die in air show tragedy." BBC News, 6 September 1952.
  11. ^ Aviation-Safety.net accident report, C-GCTC Retrieved 17 March 2011
  12. ^ TAG Farnborough Website Retrieved 10 March 2011
  13. ^ Green Party News: Brighton and Hove Greens lead the way in refusing to be bullied into freezing council tax Retrieved 2 February 2012
  14. ^ "Rushmoor Borough Council Airport Monitoring". Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "TAG Farnborough Airspace Change Proposal". Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  16. ^ Alton Herald. 27 March 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  17. ^ "TAG's ACP Consultation web-site". Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  18. ^ "Farnborough Airport/Aviation Watch Scheme details". Retrieved 27 December 2009. 

External links[edit]