Farnham, Dorset

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Farnham
Museum Inn at Farnham - geograph.org.uk - 223257.jpg
The Museum Inn in Farnham village centre
Farnham is located in Dorset
Farnham
Farnham
 Farnham shown within Dorset
Population 183 [1]
Civil parish Farnham
District North Dorset
Shire county Dorset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BLANDFORD FORUM
Postcode district DT11
Dialling code 01725
Police Dorset
Fire Dorset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament North Dorset
List of places
UK
England
Dorset

Coordinates: 50°56′07″N 2°03′35″W / 50.9354°N 2.0598°W / 50.9354; -2.0598

Farnham is a village and civil parish in North Dorset, in the south of England, on Cranborne Chase, 7 miles (11 km) north east of Blandford Forum. In the 2011 census the parish had a population of 183.[1]

Toponymy[edit]

The name Farnham derives from the Old English fearn (fern) and ham (homestead) and means an enclosure or homestead where ferns grow.[2][3] In the Domesday Book of 1086 Farnham was recorded as Ferneham or Fernham.[4]

History[edit]

The early settlement history of Farnham isn't clear.[5] Iron Age and Romano-British field systems were created in the surrounding area generally, though traces haven't survived at Farnham.[6] The present-day Farnham village has emerged from five separate settlements associated with clearings in hazel coppice;[6] in the Domesday Book Ferneham or Fernham is recorded five times, though not all the entries refer to the present-day settlement.[5] The book records 12 households with a value of £1.5 to the estate's lord and tenant-in-chief, Aiulf the chamberlain,[7] who was also the county's sheriff at the time.[3]

For much of its history Farnham has been closely connected with Tollard Royal, the adjacent village and parish in the neighbouring county of Wiltshire. Tollard Farnham (or Farnham Tollard[6]), a tithing to the north of Farnham village, was previously owned by the de Tollard family of Tollard Royal,[3] and until 1885, when it was joined with Farnham, its dead were taken along a track named Burials Drove to be buried at Tollard Royal.[6]

The old museum building at Crossways, where Pitt Rivers housed his personal collection. The building is now private residences.

Augustus Pitt Rivers lived nearby on the Rushmore Estate. Following his donation of some 20,000 antiquities to the University of Oxford in 1884, forming the nucleus of the Pitt Rivers Museum, he continued to collect archaeological and ethnological specimens for his personal collection,[8] which was held in the former Orphan Gypsy School at Crossways, about a half-mile from Farnham village centre. The village's inn became the Museum Hotel to cater for visitors,[6] which numbered 12,000 per year at the peak of the museum's popularity.[3] The Farnham collection was dispersed in the 1970s, with the British items going to the Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum, and the ethnographic collections sold.[9]

Geography[edit]

Farnham parish is situated at the head of the valley of the small Gussage Brook, on the dip slope of the hills of Cranborne Chase. It covers 1,420 acres (570 ha) at an approximate altitude of 75 to 150 metres (250 to 500 feet) and geologically comprises chalk, overlain by clay-with-flints in places.[5] Measured directly, Farnham village is 7 miles (11 km) northeast of Blandford Forum, 7.5 miles (12.1 km) southeast of Shaftesbury, 10 miles (16 km) northnorthwest of Wimborne Minster and 14.5 miles (23.3 km) southwest of Salisbury.[10][11]

Demography[edit]

In the 2011 census Farnham civil parish had 105 dwellings,[12] 92 households and a population of 183.[1]

The population of the parish in the censuses between 1921 and 2001 is shown in the table below:

Census Population of Farnham Parish 1921—2001 (except 1941)
Census 1921 1931 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001
Population 202 183 165 149 150 180 200 220
Source:Dorset County Council[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Area: Farnham (Parish), Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  2. ^ David Mills, ed. (2011). "A Dictionary of British Place Names". Oxford University Press. p. 184. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Farnham". Dorset OPC Project. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Dorset A–G". The Domesday Book Online. domesdaybook.co.uk. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c "'Farnham', An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Dorset, Volume 4: North (1972), pp. 17-19". British History Online. University of London & History of Parliament Trust. November 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Rodney Leg; Clive Hannay (March 2008). "Farnham". Dorset Life Magazine. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  7. ^ "Place: Farnham". Open Domesday. domesdaymap.co.uk. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  8. ^ Augustus Henry Lane Fox Pitt Rivers biography at the Pitt Rivers Museum History, 1884 - 1945
  9. ^ http://janus.lib.cam.ac.uk/db/node.xsp?id=EAD%2FGBR%2F0012%2FMS%20Add.%209455 retrieved 2 April 2008
  10. ^ Bartholomew 1:100,000 National Map Series, Sheet 4 (Dorset), 1980, ISBN 0-7028-0327-8
  11. ^ Ordnance Survey 1;50,000 Landranger Series, Sheet 184 (Salisbury and The Plain), 1979
  12. ^ "Area: Farnham (Parish), Dwellings, Household Spaces and Accommodation Type, 2011 (KS401EW)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  13. ^ "Parishes (A-L), 1921-2001- Census Years". Dorset County Council. 27 May 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Farnham, Dorset at Wikimedia Commons